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BOOKS BY MR. CABELL 

Genealogy : 

THE MAJORS AND THEIR MARRIAGES 
BRANCH OF ABINGDON 
BRANCHIANA 



Fiction: 

THE RIVET IN GRANDFATHER'S NECK 

THE SOUL OF MELICENT 

CHIVALRY 

THE CORDS OF VANITY 

GALLANTRY 

THE LINE OF LOVE 

THE EAGLE'S SHADOW 







O' i-ia 






This, the Burlington Edition of 
"The oMajors and Their o^arriages," 
is Limited to One Hundred Copies, 
of which this Book is Numbe r 't'?^^ 



The Majors and 
Their Marriages 



BY 

JAMES BRANCH CABELL 



With Collateral Accounts of the Allied 
Families of Aston, Ballard, Christian, 
Dancy, Hartwell, Hubard, Macon, Mar- 
able, Mason, Patteson, Piersey, Seawell, 
Stephens, Waddill, and Others. 



"Fortuna non mutat genus'' 



THE W. C. HILL PRINTING CO., 
RICHMOND, VA. 



,A)232- 



Copyright, December, 1915, 

BY 

JAMES BRANCH CABELL. 



TO 

BALLARD HARTWELL CABELL 
In Commemoration op His Christening 



Acknowledgment at Large 

MATERIAL for this volume has, for the most part, 
been drawn firsthand from the original Virginia 
county records, notably those of Charles City and 
York and Chesterfield. Equity demands, however, that the 
compiler confess his obligation to divers stray items in the 
Virginia Magazine of History and Biography and, especially, 
in the William and Mary College Quarterly, for very often 
indicating the most remunerative fines of investigation. 

Among other volumes consulted and freely used should in 
particular be specified Mr. Lyon G. Tyler's Cradle of the 
Republic, Mr. W. G. Stanard's Colonial Virginia Register, 
Hotten's Original Lists of Emigrants, Hening's Statutes at 
Large, Neill's Virginia Carolorum, and Mr. Philip Alexander 
Bruce's monumental books, the Institutional History, the 
Economic History, and the Social Life, of Virginia during the 
seventeenth century. 

To the last-named three histories in particular the compiler 
stands so deep in debt that it seems hideously ungracious to 
point out in Mr. Bruce's account of the Stephens-Harrison 
duel, as given on page 245 of the Social History, a curious 
misprint, whereby the wrong participant is killed; but, thus 
embalmed in a work of such perdurable worth, the error 
is of grave weight to all descendants of Captain Richard 
Stephens, since it untimeously bereaves them of their 
progenitor an awkwardly long while before his marriage. 
Yet — be it repeated, — it is only the splendor and the finality 
of Mr. Bruce's achievement which lends importance to any 
mistake therein, such as elsewhere might be trivial. 

In conclusion, the compiler is under no little personal 
obfigation to Mr. Morgan P. Robertson, for facihtating 
access to the Virginia State Archives; to Mr. Daniel M. 
Patterson, for assistance in investigating the Virginia Land 



ACKNOWLEDGMENT AT LARGE 

Grants and Bounty Warrants; to Mrs. Kate Pleasants Minor 
of the Virginia State Library, and to Mr. W. G. Stanard of 
the Virginia Historical Society, for innumerable helpful 
courtesies; to Mr. Reginald S. Major, for much very patient 
guidance and aid among the Charles City records, as to Mr. 
T. T. Hudgins for similar pilotage among those of York; 
also, to Mrs. Beverley B. Munford, for placing her excellent 
library of Virginiana at the compiler's disposal, however 
unintentionally: and above all, to Mrs. John R. Waddill, 
without whose invaluable co-operation in every line of 
research this book would never have been possible. 

Dumbarton Grange 

August 25th, 1915 



CONTENTS 



PAGE 

Edward Major of Nansemond 13 

Aston of Charles City 26 

Note on Major of Accomac: and of King William . . 28 

William Major of York 34 

Mason of Norfolk: with Seawell of Elizabeth City . . 46 
Note on Macon of New Kent: and Christian of Charles 

City 50 

John Major of York and Charles City 56 

Hubard of York 68 

Supplementary Note as to Ballard of York 71 

James Major of Charles City 77 

Ballard of Charles City: with Dancy of Charles City . 86 

Supplementary Note as to Ballard of James City ... 90 

John Major of Charles City 102 

Marable of James City 113 

Note on Piersey, Stephens and Hartwell of James City . 118 

Descendants of John Major 133 

Note on Waddill of New Kent and Charles City . . . 139 

Appendix — Patteson of New Kent and Chesterfield 154 

Note on Waddill of Amherst 186 




Edward Major of Nansemond 

T LEAST four persons sumamed Major 
came to Virginia early in the seven- 
teenth century, and left descendants 
there in the male line. An Edward Ma- 
jor was living in Old Accomack before 
1635, and died before 1646, leaving a 
son, Thomas Major, who married Eliza- 
beth Pierce, and had issue. John Major, who according to 
a deposition was bom in 1607, seemingly another son of 
Edward Major, was living in Accomack in 1634, where 

he married, first. Maudlin , and, second, in 1640, 

Jany Lorrimer; and he too left issue. The descendants of 
John Major and Thomas Major, however, appear all to 
have made their homes upon the Eastern Shore. 

Upon the mainland a Richard Major patented land in 
Charles River, afterward York, county, 12 May 1638; and 
eventually acquired by further patents and purchases a 
considerable plantation in the present King William county. 
He died circa 1670, leaving four sons, John, Richard, George 
and Francis Major, of whom all save Richard certainly had 
issue. Many circumstances indicate the probability of 
this elder Richard Major's having been another son of the 
Edward Major who settled in Old Accomack, although of 
this there is no positive proof. For a more detailed notice 
of these Major immigrants compare page 28. 

Another Edward Major — ^who despite the similarity of 
name appears to have had no connection with either the 
Accomack or King William county Majors — was bom in 
England in 1615, and came to Virginia in the Bonaventure, 
arriving in the January of 1634-5. He is named as a head- 

[13] 



14 EDWARD MAJOR OF NANSEMOND 

right in Robert Bennett's land-patent of 26 June 1635. A 
headright, it may permissibly be premised, was a person of 
sixteen or upward whose passage to the Colony had been 
paid for by the patentee, whereby the latter became en- 
titled to fifty acres of land. 

This Robert Bennett was brother to the Richard Bennett 
who was Governor of Virginia in 1652-1655, and there was 
perhaps some tie of blood between the families of Bennett 
and of Edward Major. There was certainly a close friend- 
ship; and the will of Anthony Barham of Mulberry Island, 
Richard Bennett's brother-in-law, (dated and proved in the 
September of 1641), leaves a bequest of £10 — the equivalent 
then of $250— to "my friend Edward Major," and "50 
shillings, to make her a ring" to "Martha Major, wife of 
my loving friend"; and appoints Edward Major as one of 
the two executors in Virginia, with an additional legacy 
of £3, to purchase a mourning ring. 

Edward Major seems to have lived for a while in Charles 
River county, (the name of which as has been said was 
afterward changed to York), where he witnessed a deed 
given by Captain John Utie of "Utimaria", 20 November 
1635. He eventually settled, however, in Norfolk, in that 
part of the county from which Nansemond was formed a 
little later, where, on 18 May 1637, Edward Major patented 
450 acres, in the upper county of New Norfolk, on Nanse- 
mond river, and adjoining the land of Daniel Gookin. The 
land was claimed as due for the tr? asportation of nine 
persons, who are enumerated as Ed^vard Major, Thomas 
Terrell, William Beates, William Young, Arthur Pumell, 
John Ripple, Richard Grigson, Jane Grigson, and John 
Griffith. The inclusion of his own name as a headright 
suggests that Edward Major had revisited England in 1636, 
after having a glimpse of the Colony; and returning perma- 
nently, had paid his own passage over, with that of eight 
other persons. 

This patent was renewed 4 October 1644, and again on 10 
February 1645-6, with fifty additional acres of marsh land 
added for the transport of one more headright. Edward 



EDWARD MAJOR OF NANSEMOND 15 

Major had meanwhile also patented 300 acres in Warwick 
county, 24 September 1645. 

Edward Major was evidently a Puritan, one of the many 
whom the Bennetts brought to Virginia; and it was most 
natural he should have made his home in Nansemond, 
which was then a stronghold of the non-conformists. It 
was this Nansemond colony of dissenters from the Church 
of England which in 1642 sent letters to Boston requesting 
that Puritan clergymen be assigned them, to minister to 
their spiritual wants. John Winthrop, then Governor of 
Massachusetts, sent in reply three eminent divines; and Sir 
Wilham Berkeley, then Governor of Virginia, and whatever 
his other virtues a staunch churchman, caused the Assembly 
forthwith to decree: 

"FFOR the preservation of the puritie of doctrine & vnitie 
of the church, It is enacted that all ministers whatsoever 
which shall reside in the collony are to be conformable to 
the orders and constitutions of the church of England, and 
the laws therein estabhshed, and not otherwise to be ad- 
mitted to teach or preach pubhckly or privatly; And that 
the Gov. and Counsel do take care that all nonconformists, 
vpon notice of them, shall be compelled to depart the collony 
with all conveniencie." 

An appalhng massacre of the colonists by the Indians 
followed hard upon the putting into effect of this law, in 
1644: and was heralded by the Puritans as an evincement of 
Heaven's indignation at the persecutions to which they 
were being subjected. Thomas Harrison, Governor Berke- 
ley's own chaplain and spiritual adviser, was converted to 
Puritanism by the manifest miracle. But other churchmen 
moralized with a difference, and in the massacre divined an 
evidence of the Deity's condemnation of their sin in ever 
having permitted Virginia to be contaminated by the 
admittance of Puritans. 

In Nansemond— the county was formed from Norfolk in 
1646— Edward Major was for many years a justice of the 
peace, remaining in commission until his death. The 
county justices, it may be specified, were appointed by the 



16 EDWARD MAJOR OF NANSEMOND 

Governor from among the "most able, honest, and judicious" 
citizens of their respective counties: in addition to requiring 
these quaUties, a politic governor most naturally sought 
to place the laws' administration in the hands of persons of 
sufficient fortunes to render them immune to bribery, and 
of enough influence, in one way or another, to render their 
goodwill of importance to himself. The dignity, following 
the English precedent, was honorary, and carried no salary 
in any strict sense of the term; somewhat later, by an act 
passed in 1661-2, it was ordered that thirty pounds of tobacco 
be paid toward the maintenance of the county judges by 
every litigant in their respective courts who failed to win 
his suit. 

Edward Major was likewise long an officer of the Nanse- 
mond mihtia, being named Lieutenant-Colonel thereof in 
1653. Membership in the militia was not in those days of 
continual Indian warfare a gaudy matter of marching in a 
parade; all freemen between sixteen and sixty were liable to 
service; and officership therein was so highly esteemed that 
the honor and responsibility were awarded, by the Governor, 
to each county's most prominent men, and to such alone. 
To abridge from Mr. Bruce's invaluable Institutional History 
of Virginia in the Seventeenth Century: "The reason for this 
is quite simple — serving as officers in the militia did not 
merely create an opportunity for personal display on 
occasions when an entire county's inhabitants were present 
to take part in the muster drill; it meant far more eveD than 
the gratification of a taste for military exercises, for in 
the end, every officer was certain to have an experience of 
warfare in its harshest forms . . . The most ordinary 
foresight, therefore, dictated that, when the appointment 
of these officers was to be made, the most capable men whom 
each county could furnish should be chosen, if for no other 
reason, to strengthen the confidence of the common soldiers, 
when the hour for fighting arrived . . . The prospect 
of personal peril must in itself have been a powerful induce- 
ment to the younger members of the principal families to 
seek a position higher than the file . . . The appalling 



EDWARD MAJOR OF NANSEMOND 17 

features of warfare with a foe regardless of all the amenities 
of civilized combat must also have had its effect in stimulat- 
ing that patriotic feeling which was no small factor among 
the motives causing the foremost citizens to apply for 
positions of command in the militia. And appointments 
to such a position as involving the defence of every fireside, 
tended also to enhance that general influence in the com- 
munity at large already enjoyed by the man filling it." 

Then, too, in the Virginia House of Burgesses — correspond- 
ing roughly to our modem Legislature, and modeled upon 
the English House of Parliament — Edward Major served 
five terms. He represented Upper Norfolk for the sessions 
beginning 20 November 1645 and 1 March 1645-6; and 
Nansemond county for the sessions beginning 5 October 
1646, and 26 April 1652, and 5 July 1653, being Speaker of 
the House in 1652. 

It is noticeable that he was made Speaker coincidently 
with Richard Bennett's accession to the governorship, 30 
April 1652. This, of course, marked the reluctant surrender 
of Virginia, in March 1652, to the Commonwealth and 
Puritan supremacy. Through this momentous turn of 
affairs was Richard Bennett — who received the surrender, 
as the Commonwealth's commissioner and representative — 
made Governor of Virginia, and his friend Edward Major 
promoted to the most important posi'tion within the gift of 
the House of Burgesses. In passing, the speakership was 
an office no less lucrative than influential : and the Speaker's 
salary was obtained in the same way as the Governor's^ 
every county being required to contribute thereto in pro- 
portion to the number of tithables. 

The Speaker elected for the next Assembly, that of 25 
November 1652, was Colonel Thomas Dew, the other burgess 
from Nansemond: and the following session, that of 5 July 
1653, was inaugurated with perhaps the solitary instance of 
a governor's attempt to interfere with the choice of the 
Burgesses for Speaker. Bennett's curious letter to the 
House (given in Hening, I, 377) to protest against the 
election of Walter Chiles, is at least capable of being con- 



18 EDWARD MAJOR OF NANSEMOND 

strued as a suggestion that Bennett would be glad to see, 
instead of Chiles, the Governor's friend Edward Major, 
again a member of the House, re-elected to the Speakership. 
But this is of necessity guess-work; and at all events, the 
Burgesses chose Wilham Whitby of Warwick. 

Edward Major was during this session named for the 
important office of one of the commissioners to be sent to 
Northampton, to suppress the discontent there against 
Parliamentary rule. The appointments of the Assembly 
are hereinafter quoted; and this seems to have been his last 
appearance in public life. 

Colonel Edward Major died either in the latter part of 
1654 or in the January of 1655: he was, according to the 
Norfolk records, among the justices of the peace sitting at a 
court held in Nansemond 24 April 1654, and among the 
Charles City records is a deed, dated 24 April 1655, from 
"Susanna Major, relict of Lieutenant-Colonel Edward 
Major", confirming her deceased husband's gift of "a mare 
fole, that fell last August, of a bay Coll or, unto my brother 
Mr. Walter Aston," which document was recorded 21 April 
1656. 

Edward Major had married twice: first, circa 1635, 
Martha, probably a daughter of William Butler; and, second, 
very probably in November 1652, Susanna, daughter of 
Lieutenant-Colonel Walter Aston of Charles City. In 
Charles City county is recorded a deed by Edward Major, 
dated 17 November 1652, releasing Lieutenant-Colonel 
Walter Aston from all past, present or futurely incurred 
indebtedness touching the estate of Humphrey Leisher: 
this puzzhng document, hereinafter given, seems to mark a 
relinquishment of dower rights on the occasion of Edward 
Major's second marriage; and it was endorsed by Susanna 
Major, 23 April 1655, and recorded 16 February 1655-6. 
By this second wife, who as has been seen survived him, he 
appears to have had no children. 

By his first marriage Edward Major had issue: 
I. Edward Major of Nansemond, who married Sarah 
, but died in 1661 without issue. 



EDWARD MAJOR OF NANSEMOND 19 

II. William Major of York, of whom an account is for 
the present deferred. 

III. Robert Major to whom his father left land in 
Warwick county, possibly the land patented 24 September 
1645. A Robert Major served on the jury in Surry 15 
November 1652, but Edward Major's son of that name 
could hardly then have been of age, Robert Major, prob- 
ably a godson of Robert Bennett, seems to have left no 
issue. 

IV. Martha Major, who had married before 1654 

Buckner. All record as to her descendants has been lost. 

Notes made circa 1842 from the records of Nansemond 
by a descendant of Edward Major state that Edward 
Major's will was then on record there — "recorded in Febru- 
ary 1654-1655" — and that "he left to his son Edward his 
lands in Nansemond, and to Robt some land in Warwick, 
and to Wm his land in York Co." These notes are herein- 
after quoted verbatim. 

ILLUSTRATIVE DOCUMENTS 

TO ALL TO whome these p'sents shall come, I, Sr 
John Harvey, Lft. Govern'r, &c., send &c, 
Whereas &c. Now Know ye &c, That I, the said Sr 
John Harvey, Kt, doe, wth the consent of the Counsell 
of State, accordingly give and grannt unto Edward 
Major fower hundred and fiftie acres of land, scituate, 
lying and being in the upper Countie of New Norfolk, at 
Nansamund river: North East Joyning to the land of 
Daniell Gookin, gent; South west, upon a Creeke running 
into the woods; South East, upon the said Nansamund 
river; North west, into the woods: The saide fower hundred 
and fiftie acres of land being due unto him, the said 
Edward Major, by and for the transportacon, at his 
own p'per coste and charges, of nine p'sons into this Colony, 
whose names are in the records menconed under this pattent : 



20 EDWARD MAJOR OF NANSEMOND 

To have and to hold, &c: dated this 18th of May 1637. 
Ut in aliis. 

Edward Major, Tho: Terrell, WiUiam Boates, WilUam 
Young, Arthur Purnell, John Ripple, Richard Grigson, 
Jane Grigson, & John Griffith. {Headrights.) 

— Virginia Land Patents. 

TO ALL &c. Whereas &c, Now Know yee that I, the 
said Richard Kemp, Esqre, doe, with the advice 
and Consent of the Councill of State, Accordingly 
give, grant and confirm unto Edward Major four hun- 
dred and fifty acres of Land, Scituate, lying and being 
in the County of Upper Norfolk, att Nansimond river: 
South west upon a Creeke Commonly Called Major's 
Creeke; South East and by South upon Nansimond river; 
North west and by North unto ye Woods; and North East 
adjoyning to Land Claimed by Olliver Sprye: The said 
four hundred and fifty acres of Land being by Patent (but 
misbounded), bearing Date the 18th of May, Anno Dom'o 
1637, granted to the Said Edward Major by Sr John 
Harvey, the then Govemr, and Councill; and being due 
unto the said Edward Major by and for the Trans- 
portation, at his own proper Cost and Charges, of nine 
persons into the Colony, Whose Names are Mentioned in 
the records Under the Patent: To have and to hold &c, to 
be held &c, Yeilding and paying unto our Said Sovereign 
Lord the King, his heires and Success'rs for Ever, or to 
his or their rent gath'ers, for Every fifty acres of Land 
herein and by these presents given and granted, yearly at 
the feast of St. Michaell the Archangell, begining Seven 
yeares after the Date of the form'r Patent above Specified, 
the fee rent of one Shilling, to his Majestie's Use: Dated the 
4th Day of October 1644. 

— Virginia Land Patents. 



EDWARD MAJOR OF NANSEMOND 21 

TO ALL &c, Whereas &c, Now Know yee that I, 
the said Sr William Berkely, Knt, doe, with the 
Advice and Consent of the Councill of State, 
Accordingly give, grant and confirm unto Mr. Edward 
Major three hundred acres of Land, Scituate, lyeing and 
being in the County of Warwick : and bounding westerly on 
the Land of John Salford, Now in the Occupation of Thomas 
ffulkener; and thence Extending along the bank of the Maine 
river Easterly one hundred and fifty poles, and there bound- 
ing on the Land of Thomas Godby Southerly, upon the 
bank of the Maine river; and thence running into the Woods 
Northerley three hundred and twenty poles: the said three 
hundred acres of Land being due unto him, the said 
Edward Major, by and for the Transportation of Six 
persons into this Colony, all whose names are in the records 
Mentioned under this Patent: which said three hundred 
acres of Land was form'ly granted to several persons, — 
Vizt., one hundred and fifty acres to Pharaoh fflinten, one 
hundred to Giles Allington, and fifty to William Bentley, — 
but being by them Deserted, is now granted to the Said 
Edward Major: According to the Custome of the Coun- 
trey. To have and to hold &c, to bee held &c, Yeilding 
and paying unto our Said Sovereign Lord the King his 
heires and success'rs for Ever, or to his or their Treasurer 
ffor Every fifty acres of Land herein by these presents given 
and granted, year'ly at the feast of St. Michaell the Arch- 
angell, the fee rent of one shilhng, to his Majestie's Use: — 
Provided &c: Dated September ye 24th 1645. 

— ^Virginia Land Patents. 

TO ALL &c. Whereas &c. Now Know yee that I, the 
said Sr William Berkeley, Knt, doe, with the 
advice and Consent of the Councill of State, Ac- 
cordingly give and grant unto Edward Major, Gent, four 
hundred and fifty Acres of Land, together with fifty acres 
of Marsh thereunto Adjoyning, Scituate and being in 
the County of Nansimum, and being on the Northward 



22 EDWARD MAJOR OF NANSEMOND 

side of Nansimum river: and begining at a Marked red 
oake Standing on a point of the Eastward side of the Mouth 
of a Creeke Called Major's Creeke, and Nigh unto a Small 
Island; and runing upon the Eastward side of the said Creeke 
unto a Marked red oake Standing by the Creeke side; and 
soe runing North East two hundred thirty-one poles unto a 
Marke Hickery; and South East by South three hundred 
and twenty poles, adjoyning on the Land of Mr. Oliver 
Spry, unto a Marked Post Standing in a Marsh; and so by, 
by or nigh, the Maine river side unto the first Mentioned 
Marked tree. Including or bounding the Said quantity of 
Land: The said five hundred Acres of Land being due unto 
the said Edward Major as ffolloweth: (Vizt.), four himdred 
and fifty acres, part thereof, by Vertue of a former patent 
granted unto him, bearing Date the 4th Day of October 
1644; and fifty acres of the residue thereof, by and for 
the Transport of one person into this Colony, whose names 
(sic) are in the records Mentioned under this Patent: 
To have and to hold &c, to be held &c, Yeilding and pajdng 
&c, which payment is to be made Seven yeares after the 
Date of these presents, and not before &c, Provided &c, 
Dated this 10th of ffebruary 1645. 

— Virginia Land Patents. 



WHEREAS the paper subscribed by name of the 
inhabitants of Northampton countie is scandalous 
and seditious, and hath caused much disturbance 
in the peace and government of that county, It is therefore 
ordered hy this present Grand Assembly, That all the sub- 
scribers of the said paper bee disabled from bearing any 
office in this countrey, and that Leift. Edmund Scarbrough, 
who hath been an assistant and instrument concemeing 
the subscribeing of the same, bee also disabled from bearing 
any office vntill he hath answered therevnto, and the honour- 
able Govemour & Secretarie be intreated to go over to 
Accomack, with such assistants as the house shall think fitt, 



EDWARD MAJOR OF NANSEMOND 23 

for the settlement of the peace of that countie, and punishinge 
dehnquents. 

According to an order of this Assembly, vpon the petition 
of Coll. Nathaniel Littleton, Coll. Argoll Yarley, Major 
William Andrews, and some other commissioners of North- 
ampton county, Master Speaker (William Whitby of War- 
wick), Left. Coll. Edward Major, Left. Coll. Geo. Fletcher, 
Coll. Thomas Dew and Left. Coll. Rob't Pitt are nomina- 
ted as assistants to attend the Govemour and Secretarie 
for the settlement of the peace of that county, and the 
punishment of dehnquents there according to their de- 
merrits, the appointment of all officers both for peace 
and warr, the division of that county, and the hearing and 
determineing of the businesse of damages between Capt. 
Daniel How and Left. Coll. Edm'd Scarbrough. As also 
between Capt. John Jacob and the said Edmund Scarbrough, 
with all other matters and things necessary and incident for 
the preservation of the peace of that place, ffor which this 
shall be their commission. The charges which the said com- 
missioners shall be at, both in goeing, stayinge there & 
returninge, to be levied vpon those persons that occasioned 
their repair thither. 

— Hening's Statutes at Large, I, 380, 384. 

BE IT KNOWNE unto all men by these p'sents, that I, 
Lt: Coll: Ed. Major, have remised, released & 
quit-Claymed, & alwayes for me, my heires, ex'ors, 
Adm'rs & ass'gns, do by these p'sents remise, release & 
quitt-Claime Lt: Coll: Walter Aston of & from all & 
all manner of avowe, as well ye reall as ye p'sonal debts & 
reckonings, & debts or demands ensuing, that I, the s'd Lt: 
Coll: Major, my heires, ex'ors, adm'rs & assigns, or any 
of us, had, now have, or we shall or may hereafter have 
ag'st the s'd Lt: Coll: Aston, his heires, ex'rs, adm'rs, or 
Assigns, for, touching or concemeing the estate of Humfrey 
Leisher, dec'ed, or any p'rt or parcell thereof, from ye be- 



24 EDWARD MAJOR OF NANSEMOND 

ginning of ye worlde to ye p'sent day. In witnesse whereof 
I have hereunto Sett my hande & Seale, ye 17th day of 
November, An'o D'm 1652. ^,^ ^DW: MAJOR 

Signed, Sealed & Dehver'd in ye p'sence of: (Signed) 
Edw. Hill. Rec: ffebr: 16: 1656. 

— Charles City County Records. 

This document was endorsed by "Susanna Major, ye 
relict of Lt: Coll: Edd. Major" 23 April 1655, with an 
acknowledgment of having "rec'd of my father, Lt: Coll: 
Walter Aston full & reall satisfacon for all debts, dues & 
Demands" touching the estate concerned, amounting in all 
to some 5,880 pounds of tobacco: and this endorsement 
likewise was recorded in Charles City 16 February 1656. 

KNOW ALL MEN by these p'sents that I, Susanna 
Major, ye Relict of Lt: Coll: Edd. Major, do 
ratifie & Confirme ye guifte of my dec'd husband, 
(that is to say, one mare fole, that fell Last August, of a bay 
Collor), unto my brother, Mr. Walter Aston; And do dis- 
Claime all my Claime of ye s'd fole: As witness my hand, 
this 24th day of Aprill 1655. 

SUSANNA MAJOR 

Rec: 21 Apr: 1656. Test: (Signed) Matthew Edlow, 
Edward Smith. 

— Charles City County Records. 

AT NANSEMOND C. H. is a copy of the wills of three 
members of the Major family, beginning with an 
Edward Major, which was recorded in February 
1654-1655, and shows he had three sons, named Edward 
and Robert and William, and a dater named Martha 
Buckner. His wife had name Susanna. He left to his son 
Edward his lands in Nansemond, and to Robt some land in 
Warwick, and to Wm his land in York Co. His wife 
Susannah died eight years after him, and her will names 



EDWARD MAJOR OF NANSEMOND 25 

her nephews, John Cox and Thomas Binns, and her neice 
Susan Binns, and her son in law William Mai or. There is 
the will of an Edward Major recorded in 1661, I think in 
June, which only mentions his wife Sarah and two friends. 
In an old book of law I saw once that an Edward Major 
was member of the old house of Burgesses in 1650, I think. 
Mr Major's grandfather came from York to Chas C, long 
before they lived at Burlington, as I have heard Pres Jno 
Tyler say. They had Ballard kin there. 

There is also a bond for five hundred pounds given by Thos 
Cocke on marrying the Relict of Wm Major in 168- {the last 
digit may be either 2 or 4) with her father Lemuel Mason 
and Jas Thelebault as his securities. This was the founder 
of the Cockes of Malvern Hill with whom the Majors are 
thus closely connected through their joint ancestress. 

The foregoing notes were made by a descendant of Edward 
Major in the end fly-leaves of a copy of Cooper's Homeward 
Bound printed by Carey, Lea & Blanchard, in Philadelphia, 
1838: though as the reference to "Pres Jno Tyler" shows, 
the memoranda could not have been written therein before 
1841. The records of Nansemond were partially destroyed 
by fire in the April of 1734, which fact may account for the 
notes' brevity, without palliating their woeful looseness of 
expression: but as the Nansemond records were destroyed 
in toto shortly after the War between the States, it is now 
impossible to amplify these notes, such as they are. 

The "old book of law" was probably Hening's Statutes at 
Large, and the date should be, not 1650, but 1652 or 1653. 
"Maior" is, of course, only a variant spelling of "Major," 
frequently encountered; and "son-in-law" often means, 
as here, "step-son." The writer, too, was mistaken in 
stating that the Cockes of Malvern Hill descend from Thomas 
Cocke and Elizabeth Mason, (who married, first, William 
Major, son of Lieutenant Colonel Edward Major of Nanse- 
mond), as Thomas Cocke left issue only two daughters. 
The family in question traces instead from Richard Cocke, 
who married Mary Aston, the sister of Colonel Edward 



26 EDWARD MAJOR OF NANSEMOND 

Major's second wife, as is hereinafter explained: there was 
thus in reality some connection between the families of 
Cocke and Major, but none such as is asserted above. 

ASTON OF CHARLES CITY 

COLONEL EDWARD MAJOR married, first, circa 
1636 Martha, supposed to have been a daughter of 
William Butler. She was probably the mother of all 
his children. He married, second, certainly after 1641, and 
presumably in 1652, Susanna, daughter of Lieutenant- 
Colonel Walter Aston of Charles City county. 

IR WALTER ASTON of Tixall in Com. Staff. 
Knight, had issue: Leonard Aston borne in Tixall, 
second son; he was of Longdon; who had issue: 
Walter Aston of Longdon in Com. Staff. Gent, who married 
Joyce, daughter of Nason of Rougham in Co. Warwick, 
and had issue: (1) Thomas Aston, eldest son, liveth at 
Kilbarry in Ireland; (2) Simon Aston of London, grocer, 
A'o 1634, who married Elizabeth, daughter of John Wheeler 
of London, merchant, and hath issue, William and Anne; 

(3) Robert Aston of London, grocer, A'o 1634, who married 
Sarah, daughter of John Stourton of Stourton in Com. 
Nottingham, gent, and hath issue, Simon and Robert; and 

(4) Walter Aston, now in the West Indies." The Visitation 
of London, 1634, gives this pedigree. Virginia at that time, 
be it noted, was often spoken of as the West Indies. 

The immigrant to Virginia was thus cousin to Sir Walter 
Aston, Ambassador to Spain 1620-25 and 1635-38, who was 
created a baronet in 1611, and Lord Aston of Forfar in the 
Scottish Peerage, 28 November 1627. Lord Aston was 
descended in the following line: Sir Walter Aston of Tixall 
in Com. Staff, knighted in 1560, who had with other issue: 
Sir Edward Aston, knighted in 1570, who had issue: Sir 
Walter (afterward Lord) Aston, bom 9 July 1584, died 13 
August 1639. 

The arms of Aston are: Argent a fess and in chief three 



ASTON OF CHARLES CITY 27 

lozenges sable. Crest, A bull's head couped sable. Motto, 
Numini et patriae asto. 

Walter Aston, the immigrant, was bom in England 1606 
and came to Virginia circa 1628. He represented Shirley 
Hundred Island in the Virginia House of Burgesses 1629-30; 
both Shirley Hundreds, Mr. Farrar's and Chaplain's, in 
February 1631-2; Shirley Hundred Maine and "Cawsey's 
Care" in September 1632, and February 1632-3; and Charles 
City county in 1642-3. He was for years a justice of the 
peace and militia officer for Charles City county, being 
named as lieutenant-colonel 17 September 1655. 

On 26 July 1638 he patented 590 acres in Charles City 
county — "near Shirley Hundreds", on Kimage's Creek, of 
which land 200 acres, known as "Cawsey's Care", were 
purchased by a deed dated 7 February 1634, from John 
Causey, as heir of Nathaniel Causey. The rest of this land 
was due Aston for the transportation into Virginia of ten 
persons, named as ''James Jefferson, William Ward, Thomas 
Shorte, Richard Wilhams, Wm Johnes, Jon Wilhams, John 
Hobbs, John Esquire, Jon Roberts, & John Maroy." Aston 
patented an additional 250 acres in Charles City 10 April 
1643, due by an order of the Court dated 15 October 1641: 
this tract is described as bordering the lands of Captain 
Epps and Robert Martyn. The entire grant, of 1,040 acres, 
was confirmed to Aston 12 August 1646. 

Walter Aston died 6 April 1656, being then aged forty- 
nine, and having lived in Virginia twenty-eight years, 
according to his tombstone, which still stands at Westover. 

He had married, first, Narbow , (or Warbow), and, 

second, Hannah Jordan, who survived him, and married, 
second, Colonel Edward Hill. Permission to probate the 
will of Lieutenant Colonel Walter Aston was granted to 
*'Mrs. Hanna Aston, his ReHct", in Charles City, 25 January 
1656-7. 

Walter Aston left issue: Susannah Aston, who married 
Edward Major; Walter Aston, whose will, dated 21 Decem- 
ber 1666, proved 4 February 1666-7, is preserved in Byrd's 



28 ASTON OF CHARLES CITY 

Book of Title Deeds, and whose tomb, likewise at Westover, 
shows he died (unmarried) on 29 January 1666-7, aged 
"27 Years and 7 Monthes"; Mary Aston, who married and 
left issue by Richard Cocke; and Elizabeth Aston, who 
married and left issue by Thomas Binns. 

The will of Captain Thomas Pawlett, dated 12 January 
1643-4, shows that Walter Aston had also a son, Thomas 
Aston, Pawlett's godson, who probably died in infancy: to 
this child the will leaves "one silver spoon and one sow 
shote"; to Mr. Walter Aston, "my gun", and he, with 
Captain Francis Epps, is named as overseer; to Mrs. Aston 
the testator gives forty shillings, and to Walter Aston, the 
younger, five pounds. 

The plantation known as "Cawsey's Care" was first 
patented, 10 December 1620, by Nathaniel Causey, an old 
soldier, who came in the First Supply in January 1608, and 
from whose son, John Causey, Colonel Walter Aston pur- 
chased the place in 1634. Walter Aston, the younger, 
inherited and, in 1666, devised the estate to Mr. George 
Harris of Westover, merchant. The latter died without 
issue, and "Cawsey's Care" fell to his brother, Thomas 
Harris of London, merchant. Thomas Harris sold the 
plantation to Colonel Thomas Grendon, Jr., who by his will, 
proved 3 December 1684, devised the same to William 
Byrd, Jr., son of William Byrd, whereupon it became 
absorbed in the Byrd estate. 

NOTE ON MAJOR OF ACCOM AC; AND OF KING 
WILLIAM 

JOHN MAJOR was brought to Virginia by Lieutenant 
Thomas Flint, being named as a headright in the 
latter's land-patent granted 20 September 1628. 
John Major, aged "27 or thereabouts" when he gave a 
deposition in April 1634, was living in Old Accomack as 
early as 1632, in which year a suit was brought against him 
by the administrators of William Harminson. He was one 
of the viewers of tobacco there in 1639. He patented 400 



MAJOR OF ACCOMAC 29 

acres in Accomack in September 1640, by virtue of a certifi- 
cate, granted in Accomack 3 August 1640, that he had im- 
ported eight persons into Virginia; and this patent was 
renewed 4 September 1643. He patented 400 acres in 
Northampton, 10 November 1643, by a patent dated 30 
January 1640; and 400 acres more in Northampton, 24 
October 1650, due for the transportation of eight persons. 
His wife in May 1634, as shown in a suit brought against 
him for midwife fees, was Maudhn Major. But he married, 
second, in 1640, "Jany, daughter of Henry Lorrymer", 
who is so named as a headright in the certificate granted 3 
August 1640, and figures among the headrights as "Jany 
Major" in the patent as granted in September 1640. 

In Accomack, 4 December 1644, a certificate was granted 
Thomas Major for the transportation of Edward Major 
(his father), Francis Major, Elizabeth Major, John Major, 
Thomas Major, Christopher Pierce, Stephen Pierce, Henry 
Morgan, Edward Rouse, and Mary Sayer. York records 
shows that later, 6 November 1647, this Thomas Major 
was attempting to collect from John Broch an alleged 
indebtedness of 1,200 pounds of tobacco. The debt was 
originally due to Edward Major, dead in 1647, father to 
Thomas Major, by a bill dated 16 September 1635, for 
goods delivered 17 March 1635; and the claim had been 
transferred by Edward Major to his son. Broch asserted 
the 1,200 pounds to be included in a later bill, for 3,000 
pounds, dated 3 April 1636, which claim had been transferred 
by Edward Major to Lieutenant Richard Poopley, and 
discharged. In Northampton, 27 December 1646, Thomas 
Major had attached tobacco due to Broch from Rondell 
Ronnalds (?Revell) and Thomas Leatherbury. Mary Sayer 
is mentioned as a witness to Edward Major's bill. The 
affair was arbitrated. 

As has been said, both John Major and Thomas Major 
left descendants on the Eastern Shore, but there is nothing 
to show they settled elsewhere during the seventeenth 
century. 



30 MAJOR OF KING WILLIAM 

In the mainland a John Major was dead at Flower de 
Hundred, 16 February 1623, killed in the Indian Massacre. 
He left no descendants, or at any event, none in Vir- 
ginia. 

Richard Major patented 300 acres in Charles River coun- 
ty, 12 May 1638, due for the transportation of six persons, 
namely, "George Gaton, Ann Drake, James Holding, 
Thomas Breamer, Richard Miller, & Ann Miller." The 
land is described as "butting upon Queene's Creeke south." 
Richard Major of Queen's Creek sold to Thomas Bowen of 
Cheiscake, Cooper, twenty-five acres "on the western side 
of West Creek, bordering the land of Wm Barber", by a 
deed dated 1 October 1638, and recorded in York. Richard 
Major patented 150 acres in Charles River county, 5 Novem- 
ber 1639, being land purchased of Joseph Croshaw, "fronting 
west upon the land formerly granted the said Major." He 
patented 350 acres in Charles River county, "XVII January 
1642", due for the transportation of seven persons, namely, 
"Robert Wherry, Wm Sey, Charles ffield, Perrigrin Palene, 
Tho: Parker, Tho: Smith, & Martin Shorte"— this tract 
being "north east of his first division". He patented 300* 
acres in York, 17 February 1649 — "at the verry mouth of 
the Mattapony river, on the east side thereof, and on north 
side of York, being a neck of land in York county, bounded 
vizt., on the West by the river, on the south and East by a 
Creeke called Major's Creeke, and on the North by another 
Creek." This patent is annotated "Renewed in Edward 

Simpson's after the court'\ Some of his land Richard 

Major shortly afterward sold, as is shown by a deed from 
"Richard Major of the County of York in Virginia, Boot- 
wright" to Daniel Parke of Martin's Hundreds of "a certain 
parcell of land situate on Queene's Creek in the county of 
York, contayning 200 acres due to the said Major by a patent 
dated 17 January 1650; and again, by a deed from Richard 
Major and Richard Miller to Edward Sympson — compare 
annotation of the 1649 patent — of 150 acres, being "one 
Pattent of land, whereof 100 acres is sold to Thomas Holman, 
and the other fiifty to Edward Sympson, with the house 



MAJOR OF KING WILLIAM 31 

thereon." Both deeds have been preserved in the York 
county records. 

Richard Major, in addition, patented 1,000 acres in 
Gloucester, 25 March 1653: "north of Charles river, fronting 
on John Major's land, Perringe's Creek, the land of Ashwell 
Batten, the land of Thomas Bell, and another division of 
Richard Major's": 400 acres thereof having been purchased 
from John Perrin (patented by Perrin 3 April 1655); 150 
acres being the remaining part of the 350 acres granted 
Richard Major 17 January 1642; and 450 acres being due 
for the transportation of nine persons, "vizt, Tho: Parker, 
Robt Wherry, Jon Garret, Jane Bowden, Jane Moss, Ann 
Hingshaw, Kath: Goodman, & Mary Hingshaw." Richard 
Major patented 1,350 acres in New Kent, 30 June 1656: 
"north of York river, fronting on Perrin's creek, on the land 
of Ashwell Batten, of Thomas Bell, on another division of 
Richard Major's, southwest upon John Major's land, on 
the head of Perries creek, on the land of James Holden, and 
on Sympson's swamp"; 1,000 acres being due by the earlier 
patent of 25 March 1653, and the 350 additional acres by 
the transportation of seven persons, whose names are not 
given. And finall}'^, "Richard Major, Senior", patented 350 
acres in New Kent, 29 April 1659, due for the transportation 
of seven persons, whose names are not recorded. This 
tract is described as bordering his former grant, and the 
patent was renewed by Richard Major 9 February 1663. 

Richard Major, thus, was born before 1610, and died later 
than 1663. He lived in that part of Charles River, after- 
ward York, county which in 1652 became Gloucester, in 
1654 became New Kent, in 1691 King and Queen, and in 
1701 the present King William county. 

He must have had a son Richard Major living and of age 
in 1659, as otherwise he would scarcely be described as 
"Richard Major, Senior" in the patent granted that year. 
None of his grandchildren could then have been of age. 

He had also a son John Major, who was bom in October 
1634, as is shown by a deed of gift of cattle, by John Brooke, 
Chirurgeon, dated 12 June 1638, and preserved in the 



32 MAJOR OF KINO WILLIAM 

Virginia Land Patent Ofl&ce, to his "godson, John Major, 
the son of Richard Major of Queen's creek, boateright", — 
wherein the child is described as then being "three and three 
quarters" years of age. This John Major patented 300 
acres bordering his father's plantation, 28 December 1657 — 
"on the north side of York river, bordering the river, and the 
land of Joseph Haies and John Perrine": 200 acres thereof 
being land purchased from Thomas Bell (patented by Bell 
3 April 1651) — clearly the land mentioned in Richard 
Major's grants of 1653 and 1656 as belonging to John 
Major — and 100 acres being due for the transportation of 
two persons. This patent was renewed by John Major 9 
February 1663. John Major patented 1,245 acres in King 
and Queen county, 6 October 1705, the land being part of a 
tract patented as 1,400 acres by John Ascough, 20 April 
1685, and deserted: the land is described in Ascough's grant 
as 1,400 acres in New Kent, bordering on the line of Captain 
William Smith, the Town branch, and the south east side of 
Mattapony creek; in John Major's grant, as on the south of 
Chappell Run in St. Stephen's parish in King and Queen 
county, bordering on Todd's hne, on Captain Smith's line, 
the Mattapony swamp, a branch of Moratica, and the run of 
the Mattapony creek; and due to John Major for the trans- 
portation of twenty-five persons — "vizt, John Major, Mary 
Major, Tho: Jones, Tho: Davis, Frauncs Adams, John 
White, Dunkan Cameron, Thomas Morris, Mary Farmen^ 
Saml Coates, Thomas Watkins, Susan Bond, Danl Nash,, 
Margtt Oldham, Danl Marlow, John Fisher, John Ash,, 
Joseph Humphrey, John Robertson, Hanna Kerbby, Henry 
Kerby, John Davis, Dunking Robertson, Leroy Armeffeilded,, 
& John Lane." 

Richard Major, the immigrant, had also a son George 
Major, who patented 250 acres in New Kent, 16 April 1683, 
adjoining land already owned by him — evidently inherited 
from his deceased father: this 250 acres "north of York 
river" being due for the transportation of four persons. 
George Major was living in 1694, as is shown by the will of 
Edward Porteous of Gloucester; and had, with possibly 



MAJOR OF KING WILLIAM 33 



other issue, a son, George Major, who married 



Ironmonger, and had issue: Richard, James, Samuel, George 
and Francis Major, all under age in 1722. 

Richard Major, the immigrant, had also a son Francis 
Major who patented 590 acres in King and Queen county, 
24 August 1703 — "on Major's creek, and bordering George 
Major's land" : 100 acres thereof being described as originally 
patented by Richard Major, and by him bequeathed to his 
son Francis. Francis Major patented an additional 180 
acres in King and Queen, 23 October 1703, due for the 
transportation of four persons. 




William Major of York 

William major, the second son of Colonel 
Edward Major of Nansemond, must have 
been bom not later than 1639, suice he 
was of age in 1660. He had at this 
period established his home in York 
county, where, as has been recorded 
previously, his father had left him a 
plantation. About a decade afterward, circa 1670, he 
added to the duties of a tobacco planter those of an at- 
torney at law. 

Nor is it strange that William Major did not enter the 
profession in early manhood. There had been a deal of 
trouble with, and consequent prejudice against, attorneys 
at law in his Majesty's Colony and Dominion of Virginia. 
And in the upshot, just before William Major came of age, 
the Assembly had decreed, at the session of March 1657-8: 
"WHEREAS there doth much charge and trouble arise 
by the admittance of attorneys and lawyers through plead- 
ing of causes thereby to maintain suites in law, to the greate 
prejudice and charge of the inhabitants of this collony, for 
prevention thereof he it enacted by the authoritie of this present 
Grand Assembly that noe person or persons whatsoever within 
this colloney, either lawyers or any other, shall pleade in 
any courte of judicature within this colloney, or give councill 
in any cause or controversie whatsoever for any kind of 
reward or profitt whatsoever, either directly or indirectly; 
vpon the penalty of ffive thousand pounds of tobacco vpon 
every breach thereof." 

This law was for a number of years enforced, in the face 
of its patent absurdity. When William Major came of age 
there were thus no practising attorneys in Virginia, and, 
certainly, no young men entering a profession thus stripped 



WILLIAM MAJOR OF YORK 35 

of any possible emolument and beset with very positive 
dangers. His first experience with legal intricacies would 
seem to have been when, in January 1660-1, he brought 
suit on his own account against Richard Thompson in York 
county for 400 pounds of tobacco, and was awarded judg- 
ment at the next April Court: whereafter, whatever his 
natural predilection, Wilham Major was contented for a 
decade to remain a tobacco planter. But by 1670 the law 
just quoted had begun to fall into disuse; it was not ever 
officially repealed, but lawyers a little by a little had again 
commenced to practise their profession, and to charge their 
clients pretty swingeing bills; and among the practitioners 
at least was William Major. 

Thus in February 1671-2 he was attorney for James Pore, 
in a suit against the estate of Jonathan Newell, deceased, 
and secured a judgment of £11, 5s, due for forty-five 
bushels of malt; and as security for Samuel Dowse he was 
at the November Court of 1672 assessed 115 pounds of 
tobacco. 

Among other cases before the contemporaneous York 
courts wherein William Major was more or less concerned, 
the following may be briefly cited : 

September 1674 — Reference to the next court of the 
difference between Mr. Richard Finney and William Major, 
as entrusted with the estate of Mr. James Pore, deceased, 
that "the said Major may heare from the dec'ed's widow, 
having writt to her ab't the money due to the s'd Finney." 
The difficulty seems to have been settled privately, as no 
further reference thereto occurs. 

William Major also at this court was foreman of a jury 
impanelled to try the difference between Nicholas Toope 
and George Freeman "concerning the said ffreeman's 
making of Tann vatts & other things for the said Toope." 
The jury's decision is recorded. "Verdict, wee fine for the 
p'te five hundred pounds of tobacco & caske — Wm Major, 
foreman." 

March 1674-5 — A suit was tried between William Major 
and John Scarsbrooke, "ab't 3 barrells of come bought by 



36 WILLIAM MAJOR OF YORK 

the said Major of a servant free from the said Major Scars- 
brooke." 

August 1675 — A suit between Wilham Major and Captain 
Wilham Diggs, "about the Exchange of two servants," was 
referred to the next General Court, for the decision of the 
Governor and Council. 

December 1675 — Mr. WiUiam Major and Mandiford 
Kerby gave security for Morgan Baptist, as guardian to his 
brother Edward Baptist. Mandiford Kerby and Charles 
Marisby gave security for Barbara Baptist, stepmother to 
Edward Baptist, as guardian to his sister. 

At the same court Wilham Major brought suit against 
Richard Awbome, administrator to the estate of Anthony 
Melton, deceased, for 2,000 pounds of tobacco. 

A number of other such suits might be enumerated were 
they not too tedious and trivial-sounding to justify their 
inclusion. But in connection with these items it should be 
remembered that money had then rather more than five 
times its present purchasing power. A pound sterling was 
equivalent to twenty-five dollars, so that the suit against the 
Newell estate, for instance, resulted in an actual verdict of 
$275. Tobacco, the ordinary standard of Virginian values 
by reason of the great scarcity of specie, was then worth 
two pence a pound, or in present day currency twenty cents: 
and the suit against Richard Thompson was thus, in reality, 
over a debt of $80, and the sum awarded Nicholas Toope 
somewhat over $100. 

In York county 27 February 1671-2— -"A Certificate is 
granted to Mr William Major for 300 acres of land for the 
importacon of Isaiah Trill, Mary Gony, James Stringfellowe, 
John White, John Arnold & Roger Dale into this Country." 
Wilham Major seems, however, never to have made apphca- 
tion for the land due him by this certificate; and it was not 
until after his death that 130 acres in York were granted, 
by a patent dated 20 November 1678, to his oldest son, 
another William Major — "as son and heir to Wm. Major, 
Dec'd, & due by & for ye transfer of three p'sons, namely 
Isak Trill, Mary Gony & Jas. Stringfellow." 



WILLIAM MAJOR OF YORK ^7 

For William Major, the elder, had died intestate in 1677; 
and an appraisement of his estate was ordered in York 
county 14 January 1677-8. The appraisers named by the 
court were John Hathersoll, Isaac Collier, John Duke and 
Robert Morris — "or any three of them." The inventory of 
William Major's personal belongings, hereinafter given, is 
of rather unusual length; and the total value fixed on them 
is £85, 6s, 5d — equal, as has been seen, to more than $2,000. 

This inventory offers several points of interest. It shows, 
as the times went, a comfortable estate, for there were as 
yet few luxuries in Virginia. William Major, it develops, 
had three indentured servants, one of whom, Roger Dale, 
he had imported into the Colony as a headright; the James 
Stringfellow who owed him 110 pair of shoe-heels was also 
brought over by William Major. Some little silverware 
too — very sparsely found at this date in Virginia — is men- 
tioned: it was almost certainly of the heirlooms brought 
over from England by William Major's father: and there is 
a sufficiency of brass- and pewter-ware and even three 
dozen of the then much admired ''alchemy spoons " plated 
to resemble gold. There are no table-forks mentioned for 
the adequate reason they were practically unknown; but 
the absence of knives of any sort from the hst is strange. 

A curiosity-provoking item is "One trunke of writtings": 
in view of the extreme improbabihty of William Major's 
having been an unpublished author, the chances are the 
chest contained law papers pertaining to suits wherein he 
had figured. The item "3 pr of Damnified Shoes" is of 
course more startling to the eye than incomprehensible. 
For the rest, it will be noted that William Major had in his 
possession at the time of his death 3,000 fourpenny nails, 
1,500 hobnails, and 3,000 sixpenny nails, which requires 
some explanation. The fact does not necessarily signify 
that William Major was a carpenter, but instead that he 
could afford one of the possessions most prized by the 
colonists. For nails were imported articles and woefully 
expensive: so hard to come by were they that it was custo- 
mary on abandoning a house, to burn it to the ground in 



38 WILLIAM MAJOR OF YORK 

order to collect the nails from the ashes. In fact, a special 
law was eventually enacted, in 1645, to prevent the practise: 

"That it shall not be lawfull for any person so deserting 
his plantation as aforesaid to bume any necessary houseing 
that are scituated therevpon, but (he) shall receive so many 
nailes as may be computed by 2 indifferent men were ex- 
pended about the building thereof for full satisfaction, 
reservinge to the King all such rent as did accrew by vertue 
of the former grants or planting of the same from the expira- 
tion of the first seaven years." 

The list of debts owed to William Major, as appended to 
the inventory by his widow, would show that, on various 
grounds, some $6,000 in present day values was due his 
estate, several of these accounts being evidently unpaid 
bills for his services as attorney. 

William Major had married, circa 1665, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Colonel Lemuel Mason of Norfolk county. 
She survived her husband, and was appointed his ad- 
ministratrix, 24 April 1678, giving bond with her attorney, 
Gideon Macon, for £500, as guardian to her three sons. A 
note as to Gideon Macon is given on page 50. 

In her capacity of administratrix, Elizabeth Major 
figured in divers suits in the York courts, attendant upon 
the settlement of her husband's estate: thus, in 1678 she 
brought suit against John Seaborne, for 1,309 pounds of 
tobacco, which claim was dismissed; Richard Awbome con- 
fessed a judgment of 1,099 pounds of tobacco due to her as 
administratrix, at the January court 1678-9, as did Ralph 
Flowers, for 2,055 pounds of tobacco, at the February court; 
and again, at the October court 1680, judgment was granted 
to Mr. Gideon Macon, assignee of Mrs. EHzabeth Major, 
against Ralph Flowers, for £8, Is. 

Elizabeth Major had thus remained a widow for at least 
three years, it may be observed, and probably for five. 
This was a rather unusual record for seventeenth century 
Virginia; a striking feature of the period, as will be fre- 
quently manifested hereinafter, was the celerity with which 
a deceased wife or husband was provided with a successor, 



WILLIAM MAJOR OF YORK 39 

and not infrequently for the fourth or fifth occasion. For 
girls were marriageable at twelve, for all that cautious John 
Evelyn, in 1681, estimated that a young lady was not 
"capable of disposing of herself judiciously till she was 
sixteen": and the young wife, after bearing some dozen 
children in rapid succession, was apt to break in health and 
die, leaving her husband, almost as a matter of course, to 
re-marry in the prime of life. To the other side, the position 
of a widow, through the necessities of plantation life, was 
profoundly unenviable: she was left peculiarly alone, without 
any neighbors of her own station in life within miles, and 
was left in precarious authority over a horde of semi-barbar- 
ous blacks newly brought from the wilds of Africa, and of 
white servants who in many cases were transported criminals. 
Lacking grown sons, she re-married, if not through motives 
of personal sentiment, through those of conveniency and 
self-preservation. 

So, upon whatever grounds, the widow of William Major 
eventually took another husband — her second choice being 
fixed, circa 1682-4, on Captain Thomas Cocke of Norfolk 
county; and she died in 1696, leaving issue by him two 
daughters, Mary Cocke and Anne Cocke. As has been 
said previously, the descendants of these daughters, if indeed 
they left any, cannot now be traced; but information as to 
their father will be found in the Virginia Magazine of 
History and Biography, Volume V, page 182. 
William Major and Elizabeth Mason had issue: 
I. William Major, in whose name, as has been recorded, 
130 acres were patented in York 20 November 1678. He 
afterward sold this land, for 3,500 pounds of tobacco, to 
Thomas Powell and Seamos Powell of St. Martin's Hundred 
in New Kent, by a deed dated 1 February 1686-7, and re- 
corded in York 24 February 1686-7. William Major is in 
this deed described as "of the parish of St. Peeters in New 
Kent, son and heir of William Major, late in the county of 
York deceased." The younger William Major patented 150 
acres in New Kent county, 7 November 1700, (the land being 
a tract deserted by Gideon Macon), as due for the transpor- 



40 WILLIAM MAJOR OF YORK 

tation of four persons, and another tract of 150 acres in the 
same county, 2 May 1705. He likewise patented 376 acres 
in Essex county, 15 August 1715, this being a tract patented 
in 1703 (when Essex was a part of Old Rappahannock) by 
his younger brother John Major, and deserted by the latter. 
William Major, as is shown by the records of St. Peter's 
parish, died 4 October 1716, having had issue: Frances 
Major, baptized 19 November 1699; John Major, baptized 
17 May 1702; and Thomas Major, baptized 28 November 
1703, died 19 November 1722. 

II. Lemuel Major, whose name figures frequently in the 
York records until as late as 1714, he in that year winning a 
suit against William Pegram, for £2, 6s, at the August 
court. Subsequently is to be found no mention of Lemuel 
Major in York, nor apparently in any of the other surviving 
county records of the period. It is therefore not known 
whether or no he left descendants; but it is tolerably certain 
that, in or shortly after 1714, he removed from York and 
made his home elsewhere, just as his two brothers had done 
earlier. 

III. John Major of whom an account will be given 
hereafter. 

It is more than likely there was another son Edward 
Major, who died before his father, since elsewhere this 
particular Christian name is prodigally represented in every 
generation of the Major family. 

ILLUSTRATIVE DOCUMENTS 

ATT A COURT Holden for Yorke County, Jan'y 14 
An'o D'm 1677 — A commission of Adminocon of 
the estate of Mr Wm Major, dec'ed, is granted to 
EUzabeth, the dec'ed Rehct & Adm'r; putting in security 
to save the Court harmless, & for performance of the said 
Adminacon; & ord'ed that on the 29th day of this instant 
the dec'ed'nt estate be appraised by Mr John Hathersall, 
Mr John Duke, Mr Isaac CoUier, & Owen Morris, or any 



WILLIAM MAJOR OF YORK 41 

three of them, being first swome by the next Magistrate; 
the appraism'nt to be returned to the next court for con- 
firmation. 

— York County Records. 

IN OBEDIENCE to an order of Yorke County Court, 
bearing test at York, January ye 14th 1677-8, wee the 
subscribed have accordinge to ye best of understanding 
and consiunces appraised ye estate of Mr William Major, 
dec'ed, being first sworne by Mr Edward Mosse, one of his 
Ma'ties Justices for ye said County. 

Imprimis, one new feather bed, 2 pillows, 1 bolster, £ s. d. 

1 Cloth beding Covering, 1 Blankett, bedstead 05 00 00 

1 sett of striped curtains & vallons, one feather bed, 

striped curtains & vallons, two bolsters, 1 pillow, 2 

blanketts, 1 wosted rugg, & bedstead 06 00 00 

1 fiocke bed, 2 flocke bolsters, 1 old, & 1 old white 

wosted rugg 01 15 03 

1 old fiocke bed, 1 old bolster, 2 old Blanketts, 1 green 

rugg._.. 01 

1 ft bed, 1 old bolster, 2 old Blanketts, 1 red rugg 01 

One hamocke, cotton 00 

49 £ of new pewter, at 12d pound._ 02 

23 pounds of old puter, at 9d p. pound 00 

3 Pewter Tankerdds _..... 00 

1 fine pinte pott._ 00 

2 pewter Candlesticks .— 00 

2 Brasse Candlestickes 00 

6 plates .- 00 

lSalt._.._ 00 

1 old porringer, 2 old pots, & an old pewter Catle. 00 

3 New porringers 00 

One Cubboard & Spice box - 01 

4 Chests & One Trunke.-_ 01 

A warming pan, & small looking Glass 00 

Pr small Andirons, 2 pr of Tongues, 1 spitt, one old 

Gridiron, 1 old fire shov'U, 1 old chafing dish 00 

2 Brass Kettles, & 2 Small Skillits 03 

3 Iron potts & pr pott racks 01 

2 pestles, & a frying pann..._ 00 

1 small brass skimer, & 1 small brass ladle, 1 Iron one 00 

6 old tin spoons, 1 tin fender, 2 tin funnells- __ 00 



00 


00 


01 


00 


01 


00 


09 


00 


17 


03 


07 


00 


03 


00 


05 


00 


03 


00 


06 


00 


01 


00 


02 


00 


03 


00 


10 


00 


11 


00 


07 


00 


12 


00 


00 


00 


04 


00 


07 


00 


02 


06 


04 


00 



42 WILLIAM MAJOR OF YORK 

A pestle, of wooden ware 00 

3 doz of Alcamy spoones 00 

15 Gross of Thread & hair buttons, at Is 6d p. Gross 01 

18 Yds of Kersey, at 2| p. yd 01 

3 pr of Children boddies 00 

3 m of 4d nailes, at 2| p. m 00 

Six sifter bottoms, at 4d 00 

One pece of filliting 00 

2 pece of tape, at 9 p. peace 00 

i pece of blue tape 00 

3 doz yds of Cotton ribbon 00 

2 peces & J of 3d ribbon 00 

1,500 hob nails '. 00 

3 Ink homes 00 

1 paper of Clasps & eyes 00 

1 doz thred lases 00 

2 pounds of russett Col'd Thred 00 

A remenant of Whited brown Thred...- 00 

A pr of Childrens woosted Stockings 00 

25 Ells of Canvas, at 12d p. Ell _ 01 

16 yds of Cotton, at Is 2d p. yd 00 

5 yds & J of pure Linsey._ 00 

3 straw caps._ 00 

3 fine Straw hats, lined in ye head 00 

6 worser Straw hatts, at Is 6d 00 

6 Felts, at 4s _ 01 

6 course feltes, at 2|6 00 

3 old Chamb' potts._„ 00 

1 doz of new spoones 00 

Plate, 2 dram cupps & 2 old silver spoones (3 oz |) .. 00 

Linnen, s'x pr of shoes, something course 02 

5 pr of old worne shoes 01 

1 dieper table cloth, 12 napkins, 1 Cubbord Cloath, 

& one towell, old 00 

A parsell of old table Linnen._ 00 

7Towells 00 

4 pillow Cases 00 

One painted Callico Carpet..._ 00 

3 pr of Drawers, 1 wascoat, 3 shirts, much worne 00 

1 pr of Drawers & Jacket t of Norwich stuffe 00 

A Cloth Coat of Cloth, & pr breaches, & striped Lin- 

nin Jackett 00 

2 old coats, 2 old wascoats, 1 old pr breaches, all old.. 00 

One old Caster 00 

1 sute printed Curtains & vallons 00 



14 


00 


06 


00 


02 


06 


16 


00 


05 


00 


06 


00 


02 


00 


02 


07 


01 


06 


00 


04 


03 


00 


15 


00 


01 


09 


00 


06 


01 


02 


00 


04 


04 


06 


01 


00 


01 


06 


05 


00 


18 


00 


10 


06 


04 


10 


06 


06 


09 


00 


04 


00 


15 


00 


04 


00 


03 


00 


18 


00 


00 


00 


00 


00 


14 


00 


10 


00 


02 


06 


04 


00 


02 


06 


12 


00 


12 


00 


12 


00 


10 


00 


04 


00 


18 


00 



WILLIAM MAJOR OF YORK 43 

One table and Ch'r 00 

14 square table & 8 jojmte Stooles 00 

6 Wooden Chairs, 2 old leather Chairs _ 00 

2 fixt Gims, being one carbine & 1 fouliag Gun 01 

2 pr of old stiliards 00 

1 small Table 00 

A pr of Scales & weights 00 

5 h'd brads, at 19d p. h'de._ 00 

1 Shilling Saw 00 

Six Axes 00 

3,000 six peny nailes, at 3| p. m 00 

1 small deale box 00 

5 pr of Childrens first shoes...- 00 

3 pr of Damnified Shoes 00 

2 Straw Steeple Crowned hats 00 

2 doz; I fishhooks & | a doz; of box Combs 00 

3 horse harnesse, old, 1 old Saddle, & an old pad 00 

Due upon a bill from James Stringfellow 110 pr of men's 

& women's shoes' leather heales, w'ch when rec'd 
ye Adm'r'x to be Acc'table, & they valued at three 

s. pr, besides four shilliugs more due 16 14 00 

One trunke of writtings._ 00 03 00 

Roger Dale to serve till ye 6th of 7br next 02 10 00 

William Mansfield to serve till 8 monts, 1 yr 07 00 00 

Peter Jobe, free ye 15th of June, & because of Corne 
& Clothes to be paid him by ye Adm'r'x, valued at 

Nothing 00 00 00 

A grindstone, with an Iron wiach 00 05 00 

One Cart & wheeles 02 00 00 



08 


00 


16 


00 


14 


00 


00 


00 


10 


00 


02 


00 


05 


00 


07 


11 


01 


00 


09 


06 


09 


00 


02 


00 


02 


06 


05 


00 


02 


06 


03 


06 


15 


00 



£44 11 06 
Cattle belonging to ye dec'ed Estate, 8 Cowes, 3 
heifers, 2 year old, 2 two yeare old Steare yearlings, 
2 Cow yearlings & one Cow Calfe, in all 20 head; 
Horses & Mares, 1 Groped Ear horse, 1 old mare, 
& a two yeare old mare 41 04 09 



£85 16 05 



The within and above appraisement, amounting to 
Eighty five pomids, sixteene shilhngs and five pence, besides 
ye debts due to ye estate & ye Cropp, wee present to ye 
court of York for there Oprobation and Confirmation. 
Witness our hands: — (Signed) John HathersoU, Isaake 
CoUier, John Duke, Robert Morris. 



M WILLIAM MAJOR OF YORK 

A LIST OF YE Tobacco and debts due to ye Estate of 
Mr. Wm Major, dec'ed: 

Impr, 11 hhds & a parcell, of 1st quality neat 5991 

Thos Gateman, per acc't 0389| 

Richard Albritton, per acc't 0040 

Morgan Baptist, per acc't 0050 

Henry Charles, per acc't 0047 

Edward King, per acc't 0050 

Wm Allen, per bill 0160 

Wm Swinerton, Bill 0050 

Wm Chantry, Bill 0660 

Wm Woodland, Bill 0580 

Anthony Haynes, per Note 0200 

George Abbott, per Order of Court 0750 

George Abbott, per Bill 0440' 

Mand Kirby, per bill _ 0185 

Benjamin Cotton, per Bill 0040 

Robt Penrice, per Bill 0520 

Thos Vines, per Bill 0798 

Jno Wyne, per Bill and acc't 0342 

Thomas Spilman, per Bill 0500 

Clothier Lewis, per Acc't..._ 0887 

Thos demons, per Bill 2661 

John Hawkins, per Bill 7500 

Robt Harrington, per Bill 1000 

Richard Awborne, per Bill and Acc't 1435 

Mr. John Baskervyle, per Acc't 0927 

Ralph Flowers, per Bill 2055 



A list of money debts: 28,257| 

Thos Gatman, per Bill £6 00 00 

James Miller, per Bill 1 04 00 

Mrs. Reade, per Note 16 00 

Clother Leawes, per Order of Court 1 18 00 

Jno Hawkins, per Bill... 03 00 

Wm Swinerton, per Bill....._ 13 06 

Mr. Isacke Clayton, per Bill 1 08 00 

Richard Mare, per Bill 4 08 00 

Rec'ed of Mr. Leawes, 5 Ell & | of Canvas at 05 06 

Ralph Flowers, per Bill 8 14 06 



£25 10 06 
E. M.— ELIZABETH MAJOR, her marke. 
— ^YoRK County Records, April 1678. 



WILLIAM MAJOR OF YORK 45 

KNOW ALL MEN by these presents that wee, Eliza- 
beth Major widdow, and Gideon Macon, both 
of Yorke County, are holden & firmly bound unto 
ye Worsh'p'll his Ma'ties Justices of the Peace for Yorke 
County in ye sum of five hundred pound sterl, money 
of England, to be paid upon demand; to the w'ch payment, 
well and truely to be made, wee bind ourselves joyntly and 
sevearlly our and either of our heirs, Exec'rs & Adm'rs 
firmly by these presents. Witness our hands and seles, 
dated in Virginia, ye 24th of Aprilis 1678. 

The Condicon of the obUgation is such: that if the above 
bounden Elizabeth Major, Guardian to ye three orphans 
of Mr William Major, dec'ed, doe save, defend & keep 
harmless and Indempnified the said Court & Every of 
them & their heirs, relatinge to or conceminge the Estate 
of ye said three orphans & every of them, that then these 
presents to be void & of none effect; otherwise, to remain in 
full force, virtue and Efficacy. 

ELIZABETH MAJOR, her E. M. marke. 
GIDEON MACON 
Signed, Sealed & Delivered in the presents of: (Signed) 
Samuel Toplady, John Baskervyle 

— ^York County Records 

TO ALL &c, Whereas &c, Now Know yee that I, yee sd 
Herbt Jeffreys, Esq, Govemr, &c, give and grant 
unto ("Thomas" cancelled) Willm Major one hundred 
and thirty Acres of Land lying in Yorke County and in 
ye p'ish of York: begining at a m'ked white oake by a 
swamp side that parts this land from ye land of owen Morris; 
and runing from thence S: 20 ds. Ea: 108 po. to a Spanish 
oake; from thence so: 15 ds. Ea: 70 poles, along Mr Henry 
Clarke's land, to a Spanish Oak; from thence E: 90 poles to 
another m'ked oak; from thence So: 15 ds. Ea: 40 po.; from 
thence W: 27 ds. S: 52 po.; from thence S: 10 ds W: 47 po.; 
from thence W: 15ds. S: 60 po. to a white Gum & white 
oake; from thence So: 58 po.; from thence E: 98. po. to ye 



46 WILLIAM MAJOR OF YORK 

land of John Hill, dec'ed; & from thenn, along ye sd Hill's 
m'ked trees, N: 85 po. to two small m'ked white oakes in ye 
swamp whence was began; from thence, down ye sd Runn 
or Swamp, N: 16 po. to ye place first Specified. The sd 
Land is due mito ye sd {"Tho:^' cancelled) Wm Major as 
being sonn & heir to Wm Major, Dec'ed, & due by & for ye 
transfer of three p'sons &c, To have & to hold &c. To be 
held &c, yeilding & paying &c, provided &c, dated ye 20th 
day of November 1678. 

Isak Trill, Mary Gony & Jas Stringfellow. (Headrights.) 

— ^Virginia Land Patents 

MASON OF NORFOLK : WITH SEAWELL OF ELIZA- 
BETH CITY 

WILLIAM MAJOR of York married circa 1665 
Elizabeth Mason, who survived her husband and 
married, second, Captain Thomas Cocke of 
Norfolk. She was the daughter, and probably the oldest 
child, of Colonel Lemuel Mason of Norfolk, and grand- 
daughter of Lieutenant Francis Mason. 

Francis Mason of Elizabeth City and Norfolk counties 
was born in 1594, and came to Virginia in 1613, with his 
wife Mary and their daughter Anne. On 11 July 1637 he 
sat as a justice of the peace for Lower Norfolk; on 15 July 
1640 he was appointed a churchwarden; and Lieutenant 
Francis Mason is named again as a sitting justice 16 July 
1642. He patented 1,250 acres in Lower Norfolk, "at 
hoggpon point", on the last of August 1642; and 200 ad- 
ditional acres, 29 September 1643, renewing the latter 
patent 22 March 1645. He qualified as high-sheriff 5 
March 1646. He was dead by 7 November 1648, the date of 
an agreement between Mrs. Alice Mason, relict of Mr. 
Francis Mason, deceased, and Mr. Lemuel Mason, on the 
first part, and Mr. James Thelaball, on the second part, 
conveying certain lands to the last-named. On 15 November 



MASON OF NORFOLK 47 

1648 his widow and his son, Lemuel Mason petitioned to 
administer his estate; and on 22 November 1648 the court 
gave an order stating that Francis Mason had died intestate. 

He had married, first, Mary , by whom he had 

issue: Anne Mason, bom before 1613; and Francis Mason, 
bom circa 1623. Both of these children seem to have died 
before their father. Lieutenant Francis Mason married, 

second, circa 1625, Alice , who survived him, and 

by her had issue: Lemuel Mason, bom in 1628; and Eliza- 
beth Mason, who married James Thelaball of Lower Norfolk. 

Lemuel Mason, the second son of Lieutenant Francis 
Mason, was born in 1628, according to a deposition made 
by him in 1653, wherein he gives his age as "twenty-five or 
thereabouts". He was a justice of the peace for Lower 
Norfolk from 1650 imtil his death in 1702; was presiding 
justice after 1669, and major of the militia in 1658, and 
colonel from 1665 onward. He represented Lower Norfolk 
in the Virginia House of Burgesses for the sessons beginning 
20 November 1654, 10 March 1654-5, 1 December 1656, 
13 March 1657-8, 1 March 1658-9, 13 March 1659-60, 10 
September 1663, 9 June 1680, 10 November 1683, 2 Novem- 
ber 1685, and 20 October 1686, and Norfolk county for the 
sessions beginning 2 March 1692-3 and 10 October 1693. 
His will, dated 17 June 1695, was recorded in Norfolk 15 
September 1702. 

Colonel Lemuel Mason married Ann, daughter of Henry 
Seawell of Elizabeth City and Lower Norfolk counties. 
They had issue: 

I. Elizabeth Mason, who, as already recorded, married, 
first, William Major, and, second, Captain Thomas Cocke. 
She was almost certainly the oldest child of Colonel Lemuel 
Mason. 

II. Lemuel Mason, living in 1705. There seems to be no 
record of his descendants. 

HI. George Mason, whose will, dated 13 January 1710, 

was recorded 16 March 1710. He married PhiUis , 

and had issue: Thomas Mason, who married Mary Newton; 
George Mason; Abigail Mason; and Frances Mason. 



48 MASON OF NORFOLK 

IV. Thomas Mason, a justice for Lower Norfolk, and 
burgess in October 1696. His will, dated 9 January 1710-11, 

was recorded 15 June 1711. He married Elizabeth , 

(who survived him, and married, second. Captain Richard 
Sanderson), and had issue: Lemuel Mason, who died without 
issue in 1712; Ann Mason, who married Captain Thomas 
Willoughby; Mary Mason, who married Wilham Ellison; 
and Margaret Mason. 

V. Frances Mason, who married, first, George Newton, 
and, second, Sayer. 

VI. Alice Mason, who married, first, Robert Hodge, and, 
second, Samuel Boush. 

VII. Mary Mason, who married, first, Walton, 

and, second, Cocke. 

VIII. Dinah Mason, who married Thoroughgood. 

IX. Margaret Mason. 

X. Anne Mason. The last-named two daughters are 
known to have married, but their husbands' names have 
not been preserved. 

Colonel Lemuel Mason, as recorded, married Ann Seawell, 
who survived him. Her will, dated 30 October 1705, was 
recorded in Norfolk 13 March 1705-6, and shows that, 
besides her three sons, her daughters, Frances Sayer, Alice 
Boush, Mary Cocke, and Dinah Thoroughgood were then 
surviving. 

Henry Seawell, born circa 1610, was living in Elizabeth 
City county in 1630. He represented "the Upper Parish 
of Ehzabeth-City" in the Virginia House of Burgesses for 
the session beginning 4 September 1632, and Lower Norfolk 
for the session beginning 6 January 1639. He died circa 
1644, as is shown by the settlement of his estate at an 
Orphans Court, hereinafter quoted, held 25 February 1649. 

He had married Alice , (who survived him, and 

married, second, Matthew Phillips; Phillips after her death 

marrying, second, Anne , who survived him, and 

dying before 1649), and had issue: Henry Seawell, bom 



SEAWELL OF ELIZABETH CITY 49 

1639, died 1672; and Ann Seawell, born circa 1634, who 
married Colonel Lemuel Mason. This son Henry was 
born 1 May 1639, according to a deposition; and another 
deposition, made 16 August 1672, mentions Henry Seawell 
the younger as "lately deceased", and states that his sister 
and heir, "now the wife of Colonel Lemuel Mason", was 
bom about thirty-seven or thirty-eight years before. 

Seawell's Point, at the mouth of the Elizabeth river, was 
named in honor of Henry Seawell. It is not known that he 
was in any way connected with the Thomas Seawell who in 
1635 patented 400 acres on Pocoson river in York, and 
from whom the Seawells of Virginia trace their descent. 

The entry, before referred to, of 25 February 1649, reads 
in part: 

<< | J AVING METT Concerning the Estate of Hen: 
I I Seawell, deceased, by the opinion of the Cort and 
Consent of Jno Holmes, Overseer, and Mr. Lemuel 
Mason, who hath Intermarried with Anne, the daughter of 
the said seawell, It was agreed as follows : The estate of Mr. 
Matthew phillipps, late dec'd, to be responsible for estate 
of said Hen: Seawell as it was left at the decease of Ahce,, 
ye wife of ye said Henry Seawell, by Inventory, &c, and 
differences to be decided by 4 indifferent men, chosen on ye 
behalfe of ye Orphants of ye said Seawell, & Mrs. Anne 
Phillips afsd. Administratrix of said Mr. Mathew Phillips". 

The arbitrators selected were "Mr Jno Hill, Mr Theo: 
Lambard, Jno Holmes, & Tho: Ivy." It was proposed to 
send the young Henry Seawell to Holland, where he would 
be put in the charge of "his kinsman, Mr Tho: Lee"; but h& 
was eventually turned over to William Scapes of Yarmouth^ 
England, a merchant to whom, 22 March 1654, Henry 
Seawell was bound apprentice for four years and seven. 
years service. 



50 MACON OF NEW KENT 

NOTE ON MACON OF NEW KENT: AND CHRISTIAN 
OF CHARLES CITY 

GIDEON MACON and subsequently his descendants 
were so closely identified with the Major family as 
to merit a word of special mention, and a brief 
notice of them is in consequence appended. 

Gideon Macon bom circa 1650, was living in York 
county, an attorney at law, prior to 1672. He was by 
tradition at one time an Indian interpreter and secretary to 
Sir William Berkeley. He was named under-sheriff of 
York, under Daniel Wild, his brother-in-law, 3 April 1672, 
Richard James being his security. His name thereafter 
frequently figures in the York records for the next decade; 
he lived for a while in James City county, and was a vestry- 
man of Bruton parish in 1678; but about 1682 he removed 
to New Kent, where he made his permanent home. St. 
Peter's parish records show that Gideon Macon was vestry- 
man and churchwarden before 1684 and until his death. 

The vestry, be it said in passing, was then a prodigiously 
important body. Its duties, roughly speaking, were triform: 
first, to appoint the clergyman of the parish; secondly, to 
investigate cases of suspected moral delinquency, such as 
are hereafter described, and to present them, if the suspicion 
proved well founded, to the county court; and thirdly, to 
lay and collect the parish levy, wherewith to cover current 
parochial expenses. For this last purpose the vestry met es- 
pecially in October, when the tobacco crop was safely cured 
and housed, tobacco being, as has been said, the usual form 
of Virginian currency. The expenses for the year were 
calculated, with an added percentage to defray the cost of 
collection, and the total divided by the number of tithables 
residing in the parish; and the tax due from each person was 
thus fixed. 

Two churchwardens were selected annually, the members 
of the vestry holding this office in rotation in order to share 
equally the burden of it. For these churchwardens were 
the active representatives of the vestry, the men who did 



MACON OF NEW KENT 51 

the actual work, and few persons went about more onerous 
or varied tasks. It was their duty, apart from seeing the 
church was retained in proper repair and equipment, and 
keeping all the church accounts, personally to collect and 
pay the minister's dues. It was their part, also, to look to 
it that illegitimate children were provided for, (and in 
dealing .with such cases they were vested with very great 
and absolute powers) ; that indigent orphans were indentured, 
and not too harshly treated; and that the aged and infirm 
poor were lodged and boarded at the parish's expense. And 
finally, they were required, as representative of the vestry 
in its judicial capacity, twice every year "to deliver a true 
presentment in writing of such misdemeanors as to their 
knowledge, or by comon fame, have beene comitted whilst 
they have beene churchwardens; namely, swearing, pro- 
faneing God's holy name, or sabbath abuseing, or con- 
temning his holy word or sacraments, or absenting them- 
selves from the exercises thereof. As alsoe of those foule 
and abominable sins of drunkennesse, fornication and 
adultery, and of all malitious and envious slandering and 
backbiting; for the better manifestation whereof the said 
churchwardens are im,powered to cause all such persons 
upon whose reports they ground their presentments, to 
appeare at the next county courts to which the present- 
ments are made, to give their evidences concerning the 
same." 

This much in passing, as to the former powers of vestry- 
men. For the rest, Gideon Macon occupied other positions 
of at least equal responsibility, since he was chosen to 
represent New Kent in the Virginia House of Burgesses for 
the sessions beginning 10 October 1693 and 24 September 
1696. Land-patents by Gideon Macon include grants of 
148 acres in Henrico County, 15 October 1698, due for the 
transportation of three persons; 545 acres in New Kent, 
7 November 1700, for the transportation of eleven; and 
two grants in King and Queen, 25 April 1701, of 172 and 425 
acres respectively, for the transportation of thirteen persons. 

St. Peter's records show that he was living 8 December 



52 MACON OF NEW KENT 

1701, a vestry meeting being held on that date at his home, 
and was "lately decest" 4 March 1702, when his successor 
as vestryman was elected. 

Gideon Macon and his wife, Martha Wild, had issue: 

I. Gideon Macon, bom 20 June 1682. 

II. Anne Macon, bom 15 December 1685, living in 1728, 
who married James Christian of Charles City county. 

III. Martha Macon, bom 1687, who married Orlando 
Jones of King William county. 

IV. William Macon, born 12 November 1693, who 
married Mary, daughter of William Hartwell. 

V. John Macon, born 17 December 1695, living 1729 in 
Goochland county, who had with other issue a son Henry 
Macon. 

VI. James Macon, bom 28 October 1701, who married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Augustine Moore, and had, with 
other issue, a daughter, Mary Macon, who married William 
Aylett. 

Gideon Macon's widow had re-married by 24 June 1703, 
on which date there was a suit in York between Nathan 
West and Martha, his wife, the relict and executrix of Gideon 
Macon, and Richard Packe of London. By this second 
marriage with Nathaniel West, she had issue: Unity West, 
who married William Dandridge, and had: Nathaniel West 
Dandridge, who married and left issue by Dorothea Spots- 
wood. The wife of Gideon Macon married, third, 

Bigger. 

The descendants of Gideon Macon through his sons are 
elsewhere recorded: for valuable data concerning them, 
compare the William and Mary College Quarterly, Volumes 
VI, X, XII, and XIV. Of his daughters, Martha Macon, 
bom in 1687, died 4 May 1716, married Orlando Jones (who 
survived her, and married, second, Mary, daughter of James 
Williams), and had issue: Lane Jones; and Frances Jones, 
who married Colonel John Dandridge, and was the mother of 
Martha Dandridge, who married, first, John Custis, and, 
second, George Washington. 



CHRISTIAN OF CHARLES CITY 53 

The elder daughter of Gideon Macon, as has been said, 
married James Christian. He was a son of the Thomas 
Christian, born circa 1635, hving in 1695, who, on 15 Janu- 
ary 1657, patented 100 acres on the north side of the James 
river and the east side of the Chickahominy; took out another 
patent, 9 December 1662; patented 1,080 acres in Charles 
City county, 21 October 1687; and, as "Thomas Christian, 
Sen", patented 193 acres south of Chickahominy swamp, 
26 October 1694. Thomas Christian had issue: Thomas 
Christian, will proved in Goochland in 1736, who married 

Rebecca , (and had issue, Thomas, Robert, William, 

James, Constant, Ann, and Mourning); Charles Christian, 

living as late as 1768, who married Susanna , (and 

had issue, Edmund, Turner Hunt, Susanna, Elizabeth, and 
William Brown Christian); John Christian, dead in 1768, 
(who had, with probably other issue, John and Mary Christian) ; 
and James Christian. 

James Christian was bom in Charles City county circa 
1680. He patented 382 acres in the present Goochland, 
then included in Henrico, county, 26 June 1714: on the north 
side of James river, on the west branch of Beaver Dam 
creek, and bordering the line of land previously patented 
by his brother Thomas Christian. He patented 368 acres 
in the same part of Henrico, 20 February 1719, due for the 
transportation of five persons, the tract being described as 
lying on the west branch of Beaver Dam creek, and bordering 
the land of Joseph Pleasants and Thomas Christian : and a 
third tract, of 100 acres, on the same date, due for trans- 
porting seven persons (as the patent reads, oddly), in 
Henrico county, north of James river, and bordering the 
lands of Edward Baze and Tarlton Wood. He seems to 
have made his home in Charles City county after 1727, but 
took out one more patent, 1 December 1740, in Goochland, 
for 200 acres, lying on Beaver Dam creek, and bordering the 
land of Peter Baze, deceased. He was certainly living in 
Charles City August 1739, (when he brought suit against 
Ann Lamport, administratrix of Benjamin Harrison), and 
for eleven years thereafter. On the first Wednesday in 



54 CHRISTIAN OF CHARLES CITY 

February 1750 the will of James Christian was presented 
for probate in Charles City, by James Christian, Richard 
Christian and Joel Christian, the executors named therein, 
who, with Charles Christian and Turner Hunt Christian, 
gave bond for £1,000. 

James Christian, as previously recorded, had married 
Anne Macon, who was living in 1728, but died before her 
husband. They had issue: 

I. Richard Christian, born circa 1700, died in 1769, 
who m.arried Eliza Eppes, and had issue: Samuel Christian, 

who married Mary ; Richard Christian; Benjamin 

Christian; Isham Christian; Elizabeth Christian, who 
married Jonathan Patteson (compare page 160) ; Lucy Chris- 
tian, who married, first, Samuel Waddill, and, second, Gideon 
Bradley (compare page 146); and Sarah Christian, who 
married Fhilip Charles. 

II. James Christian, who settled in New Kent, and had, 
with probably other issue: Joseph Christian. 

III. Judith Christian, born 1711, who married Jam.es Ladd 
of Charles City county, and had issue: Jesse Ladd; James 
Ladd; William Ladd; Lydia Ladd, who married Thomas 
Charles; Elizabeth Ladd; Anna Ladd; and Margrett Ladd. 

IV. William Christian, died in Charles City in 1771, who 

married, first, Collier, and, second, Susan Browne, 

and left issue by both wives. 

V. Joel Christian, living in 1772, dead in 1786, who had 
issue: Sarah Christian; and Elizabeth Christian. 

VI. Gideon Christian, born 1728, died 1796, who married 
Susan Browne, and had issue: Eaton Christian; Francis 
Christian; Patrick Christian; William Allen Christian, who 

married Lucy ; Anne Christian, who married Isaac 

Hill; Alice Christian, who married Samuel Tower; and 
Susanna Christian, who married John Timberlake. 

Sarah Christian, daughter of James Christian's oldest 
son, Richard, as recorded, married Philip Charles of Charles 
City county. They had issue, according to his will, dated 
29 January 1792, and recorded 25 June 1792: WiUiam 



CHRISTIAN OF CHARLES CITY 55 

Charles; Edmond Charles; Elizabeth Charles, who married 

Hyllard; Lucy Charles; Mary Charles; and Sarah 

Charles, born 1768, died 1833. Of these children, Sarah 
married Richard Waddill of Charles City county, and had 
issue: Susan Waddill, who married Littlebury Eppes (com- 
pare page 146) ; and George Christian Waddill, who married 
Rebecca Priscilla Major. The children of this last marriage 
are hereinafter enumerated, on page 135. 

For information concerning other descendants of Thomas 
Christian the emigrant, compare the William and Mary 
College Quarterly, Volumes I, V, VII, VIII, IX, X, and XV. 




John Major of York and Charles 

City 

)OHN MAJOR, the third son of WilHam 
Major of York, was bom about 1677, 
shortly before his father's death. He and 
his two brothers were very probably 
reared in Norfolk county; their mother, 
as has been said, married in 1682-4 
Captain Thomas Cocke, who patented 
land in Lovv^er Norfolk in 1687, and resided there until his 
death ten years afterward. 

John Major, some few years after coming of age, as has 
been previously recorded, patented 376 acres in Old Rappa- 
hannock, 24 October 1701 ; the land being due for his personal 
adventure and the transportation into Virginia of "Joseph 
Young, William Mack-daniell, Joseph ffox, George Reding 
& Susannah Netherway." He never, however, seated this 
land: and, as also has been said, it was subsequently taken 
up by his elder brother William Major of New Kent, by a 
patent dated 15 August 1715; the land then being claimed 
by William Major by right of the importation of "Thomas 
Perre, Eliza Alebee, John Thome, George Madby, Chas 
Hallett, James Johns, John Spring & EHza Harve." These 
patents are hereinafter quoted in full. 

After relinquishing the land in Old Rappahannock, John 
Major, as well as his brother Lemuel, made his home for 
some seven or eight years in York, where the two were bom; 
and in York, circa 1705, John Major married Anna, the 
daughter of Colonel Thomas Ballard of that county. The 
last-named worthy was a person of sufficient importance to 
warrant the introduction here of some brief dissertation 
concerning his career. 



THOMAS BALLARD OF YORK 57 

Thomas Ballard was the second son of Colonel Thomas 
Ballard of James City county, as to whom a note is given on 
page 90. The younger Thomas Ballard was, therefore, 
probably born in York county circa 1655, and reared at his 
father's home at Middle Plantation, which more lately 
became Williamsburg. That he eventually returned to 
York county was due to his parents' wise choice of his 
godfather in Major Robert Baldrey. Baldrey had come to 
Virginia in 1635, being then aged eighteen, had married, 
and had acquired a considerable plantation in York, where 
he was for years a justice of the peace. He married, as 
has been said, but had no children: and in his will, (dated 
1 May 1668, recorded in York 30 December 1676), he 
bequeathed, with the exception of 130 acres left outright to 
Thomas Greene, a life interest in all the testator's property 
to his wife, Elizabeth,,with reversion at her death to Baldrey's 
godson, Thomas Ballard. Baldrey's widow seems to have 
died before 1684, at latest, as in that year Thomas Ballard, 
Junior, removed to York and took possession of his god- 
father's estate. He was certainly still living in James 
City 28 March 1683-4, when he witnessed a power of at- 
torney from John Suckell to Joseph Topping; but he was a 
member of the grand jury in York in November 1684. 

He married about this time Katherine, daughter of John 
Hubard of York (then deceased); the marriage must have 
taken place at all events before 9 May 1685, as Ballard and 
his wife were witnesses on that date to a deed given by 
Thomas and Sarah Aylett to Thomas Wade. Ballard's 
succint power of attorney to represent Mrs. Aylett on this 
occasion is likewise preserved in ths York records. 

"CouzEN Ballard — After m.y service to yo'rself and 
Lady, this is to request the favo'r of you in my behalfe 
to acknowledge the land to Mr Wade w'ch he hath bought 
of my husband, and this shall discharge me from any Right 
or tytle any more. I am yo'r Servant & Kinswoman — 
Sarah Aylett." 

Among the York records for these years is also to be found 
an entry which, omitted here as without genealogical 



58 THOMAS BALLARD OF YORK 

significance, affords a sufficiently vivid glimpse of the young 
couple's menage and the immemorial liability to have trouble 
with servants, common to all young couples, even then, to 
warrant its citation on page 67. 

The death of Thomas Ballard's older brother, John 
Ballard of Nansemond, without issue, and the death in 
1689 of his father, Colonel Thomas Ballard of James City, 
had presently made Thomas Ballard the head of his promi- 
nent and wealthy family. He was appointed a justice of the 
peace for York, and retained that honorable position until 
his death: and figures extensively in the contemporaneous 
York records as the Foeffee in trust, with Joseph Ring, under 
the Act for Ports, passed by the Assembly in April 1691 — 
through which important law Thomas Ballard becam.e, with 
Ring, the founder of historic Yorktown. 

The statement demands a word of explanation. In Vir- 
ginia at this period there was nothing anywhere resembling 
a city, with the solitary exception of Jamestown; and it 
required some stretch of the conscience to describe James- 
town as anything more than a village. The exigencies of 
their life, and in particular the fact that the colonists were 
for the most part dependent upon tobacco raising for their 
sustenance, tended inevitably toward the estabhshment 
instead of innumerable widely scattered plantations. There 
was no need of harbor towns, since each plantation adjoined 
a navigable stream; the planter shipped his tobacco and 
unloaded his foreign supplies at his own wharf; and such 
articles as were not imported from abroad were manu- 
factured by his own servants on his own land. The authori- 
ties in England could not, however, view with equanimity 
the spectacle of a vast colony wherein, after nearly a century 
of existence, there was nowhere to be found a town; it was 
so un-English; and they had made numerous efforts, all 
unsuccessful, to remedy the defect. 

By this Act for Ports — which nominally, and with a deal 
of beclouding verbiage, aimed merely to increase the facili- 
ties for storing and shipping tobacco — fifty acres were set 
aside in each county as a site for the county port. In York 



THOMAS BALLARD OF YORK 59 

the Read plantation was selected, and laid off into eighty- 
five lots. By the Feoffees (Ballard and Ring) these lots 
were granted to such persons as requested it, in fee simple, 
but "under such consideration, that such grantee, his heires 
and assignes shall within the space of four months next 
ensueing such grant, begin and without delay proceed to 
Build and finish on each halfe acre granted to him one good 
house, to containe twenty foot square at the least." The 
experiment, while it failed in most of the counties, proved in 
York a success, very largely through the number of mechanics 
who chanced to acquire lots there, whereon they set up 
shops; the Feoffees reserved for themselves two of the most 
desirable plots in numbers 16 and 10, fronting on the river; 
several persons had presently opened inns for the entertain- 
ment of visitors to the new town; and in the outcome York- 
town was in 1705 formally incorporated. Of its former 
glories there survives to-day only its admirable view of the 
river; but Thomas Ballard is entitled, none the less, to the 
credit of having had the chief part in the town's establish- 
ment. 

Ballard meanwhile had been chosen to represent York 
county in the Virginia House of Burgesses for the sessions 
beginning 1 April 1692 and 2 March 1692-3. And in the 
last-mentioned year he had a hand in founding yet another 
famous and enduring institution, when Thomas Ballard sold 
to the trustees of the proposed College of William and Mary 
a tract of land, inherited from his father, whereon the 
college buildings were afterward erected, and stand to-day. 

The original deed from Ballard was long preserved, but 
mysteriously disappeared from the college archives some 
twenty years ago. The first expense accounts of the college, 
from its opening in 1693 to April 1697, sent by Governor 
Andros to England and still to be seen there, contain under 
the heading The College of William & Mary is D'r, 1694 
the item: "To Capt Thomas Ballard, for 330 acres of land, 

whereon ye Colledge is built £170." The 

college has since sold, at various times, all save some thirty 
acres of this land, which, purchased for £110 by Colonel 



60 THOMAS BALLARD OF YORK 

Thomas Ballard of James City in 1674-5, and sold for £170 
by Captain Thomas Ballard of York in 1693, was thus 
owned by the Ballards not quite twenty years. 

In 1694 Captain Thomas Ballard was chosen High Sheriff 
of York. His commission, given in full in the York records, 
was dated 27 April 1694, and granted by Edmund Andros, 
who as has just been said, was then Governor of Virginia. 
In consequence, as is duly narrated likewise in the York 
records for the edification of posterity, "Capt Tho: 
Ballard, aduceing his Ex'lly ye Governour's Comision 
to this Court appoynting him High Sherr: of this Countie 
this present year, which being accordingly sworne, entered 
into bond, with seecurity, for ye due p'formance of his 
Office therein according to Law." He selected his brother, 
probably his only surviving brother, as sub-sheriff; and 
"Mr Frauncis Ballard, p. appoyntm't of ye High Sherr: 
was accordingly sworne sub. sherr: as afores'd." 

The Governor by ordinary chose the sheriff, every year, 
from among the justices of each county, who filled the office 
in turn, as it was not found equitable to impose its burdens 
on any one magistrate for more than a twelvemonth. Yet 
it was a very remunerative position. In consequence, the 
justice whose proper year it was to be sheriff would not 
infrequently cede his right to a fellow magistrate who 
chanced at the time to be financially embarrassed, — as 
when in 1665 the York justices unanimously requested that 
Colonel Ralph Langley be nominated sheriff of that county, 
out of his turn, on the grounds that he had recently lost his 
house by fire. Some of the sheriff's fees, as fixed by a law 
enacted in 1661-2, amounted to five pounds of tobacco for 
delivering a summons to court or for issuing a bond to 
keep the peace; ten pounds for every arrest he made, for 
every subpoena served, and for every commitment to 
prison or release therefrom; twelve pounds for impanelling 
a jury; and twenty for placing a culprit in the pillory or for 
whipping him. In serving an execution the sheriff worked 
on a commission basis, according to the amount of the 
judgment: if the latter was less than a hundred pounds of 



THOMAS BALLARD OF YORK 61 

tobacco, his fee was ten pounds; if between one hundred and 
five hundred, twenty pounds; if between five hundred and a 
thousand, forty pounds; and if more than a thousand, sixty 
pounds; and so on. These fees in a locahty hke seventeenth 
century Virginia, where everyone appears to have been more 
or less Htigiously inchned, added up at the year's end to a 
tidy sum; and Captain Thomas Ballard, as will be seen, 
was ready enough to resume the ofiice when his turn came 
about once more. 

Ballard returned to the House of Burgesses for the session 
of 1696-7, and again for the sessions of 28 September 1698, 
of 27 April 1699, and of 5 December 1700, which last was 
proroged to 30 May-14 August 1702. He was again High 
Sheriff of York in 1699; was for years one of the leading 
lawyers of Virginia, and was long an officer of the York 
militia, ranking as captain in 1693, and being commissioned 
lieutenant-colonel on 3 June 1699, — Edmund Jennings being 
then made colonel and commander-in-chief, and William 
Buckner, afterward Ballard's son-in-law, major. 

John Major, thus, married circa 1705 the daughter of 
one of the Colony's most prominent men. John Major and 
his wife appear to have lived near her father's big plantation 
for some five years after their marriage, and then to have 
removed from York to Charles City county, just as Colonel 
Thomas Ballard was preparing, after seven years retirement, 
to return to the House of Burgesses. It is noticeable that 
Ballard's will, hereinafter given, drawn up in 1706, states 
that he was then "weak of body"; and he probably never 
recovered robust health, as for the ensuing four years, 
beyond occasionally sitting as justice of the peace, he seems 
to have held no public office. Now, however, he was elected 
to represent York county once more as burgess, for the 
session beginning 25 October 1710, but died in the pre- 
ceding September. A note as to his death, will and de- 
scendants is given on page 71. 



62 JOHN MAJOR OF YORK 

John Major's name, meanwhile, had figured off and on in 
the York county records, in divers entries of no particular 
importance beyond the fact that they establish his residence 
during these years. On reaching the records for 1709, 
however, he of a sudden begins to be concerned in a sur- 
prising number of small law suits. It is also noteworthy 
that these petty litigations end after the November court of 
1709, at which John Major brought suit against the estate 
of Thomas Stare, deceased, for £1, 16s, 2d, vs^hich was 
adjudged due him; a suit against Joseph Lemon, which v^^as 
dismissed; and a suit against Thomas Hix, administrator 
of Thomas Hix, deceased, over an acknowledgment of in- 
debtedness to the amount of £2, 16s, 2d, signed by the 
last-named 26 May 1707, upon which John Major asserted 
£1, 16s, 2d was still unpaid, and was awarded a favorable 
verdict. 

John Major's name thereafter abruptly and finally dis- 
appears from the York records. There can be little doubt, 
therefore, that these legal transactions mark the winding-up 
of his affairs in York, and that 1710 was the date of his 
settling in Charles City county, where he had previously 
acquired lands and other financial interests. 

His brother Lemuel Major, as has been said, continued to 
reside in York until at least as late as 1714, when his name 
also disappears from the records. Nothing definite seems 
ascertainable as to what afterward became of Lemuel Major; 
there is a tradition existent that he went west — "to Ken- 
tucky," the legend says, which was in 1714 a manifest 
impossibility. That he emigrated from York and made 
his home elsewhere appears at all events to be certain; and 
his descendants, if he left any, have not been traced. 

The remainder of John Major's life — ^after his removal to 
Charles City — is wrapped in wellnigh equal obscurity. 
The records of that county covering the eighteenth century 
v/ere for the most part destroyed during the War between 
the States. Many stray odds and ends of documents have, 
however, been preserved, which with two Books of Orders, 
from 1736 to 1750, and from 1751 to 1757, and Books of 



AND OF CHARLES CITY 63 

Wills dating from 1767 to 1774, and from 1790 onward, 
with Deed Books from 1789, illuminate the period with a 
sort of fitful twilight. 

It is apparent thereby that John Major died in Charles 
City prior to 1737, leaving issue at least four sons, herein- 
after named, with it may be a daughter or two, of whom no 
record is obtainable. His wife, Anna Major, survived him, 
acting as his administratrix until as late as 1743. 

John Major and Anna Ballard had, with possibly other 
issue : 

I. John Major, who in Charles City county was reported 
"for not frequenting the church" and acquitted, in January 
1741; he was convicted on the same charge, however, in 
1752 and fined five shillings, or fifty pounds of tobacco. 
This was under the quaint Act for the Efectual Suppression 
of Vice, &c (enacted in 1706, and directed against dissenters 
from the Church of England), of which Section VII reads: 
"Be it enacted, and it is hereby enacted, by the authority 
aforesaid. That if any person, being of the age of twenty-one 
years, or upwards, shall willfully absent him or herself from 
divine service at his or her parish church or chapel, the 

space of one month, he or she, being lawfully 

convicted, by confession, or otherwise, before one or more 
justice or justices of the peace of the county wherein the 
offence shall be committed, .... shall forfeit and pay, 
for every such offence, the sum of five shillings, or fifty pounds 
of tobacco." There was also offered the delinquent an 
alternative penalty of receiving "on his or her bare back, 
ten lashes, well laid on." All this points strongly toward a 
survival among Colonel Edward Major's descendants of his 
non-conformist opinions; yet divers circumstances indicate 
that both Wilham Major of York and John Major of York 
and Charles City were members of the Church of England; 
and it is probable that this John Major evolved, rather than 
inherited, his rehgious beliefs. His brothers nowhere figure 
in such a pickle. John Major died without issue in 1768. 
His will — wherein he describes himself as "John Major, 
Senior, of Westover" — dated 5 April 1768, was recorded in 



64 JOHN MAJOR OF YORK 

Charles City 4 May 1768, and is hereinafter given in full, 
on page 82. An inventory of his estate was taken, 4 June 
1768, by Thomas Ballard, Freeman Walker and William 
Finch, the total valuation being £36, Is, 3d. 

II. Edward Major, who with his first wife Sarah ac- 
knowledged a deed to William Acrill in Charles City county 
in June 1737. Edward Major received six day's pay as a 
witness in April 1740; and was living as late as 1756 — by 

which time he had married, second, Elizabeth . In 

1756 he brought an action for assault and battery against. 
William Beadles, as well as a suit against Ann Johnson, the 
latter ending rather disastrously; for the jury dismissed the 
case and recommended that the plaintiff be prosecuted for 
libel. Edward Major, as has been said, was twice married, 
and left, with possibly other issue, a son: Wilham Major, of 
age in 1756, who made his home near Wilhamsburg. The 

latter married Garland, and had William G. Major, 

who married Martha, daughter of John Emery, and was 
living in Charles City as late as 1816. 

III. Bernard Major, who was a juror in Charles City in 
November 1737; and was appointed, with Walter Vernon 
and John Minge, in September 1739, to appraise the estate 
of James Middleton, deceased. Bernard Major petitioned 
for a new road in April 1740, that which he had been using; 
having been stopped by Mr John Minge; and, with his son 
Bernard Major, Junior, appraised the estate of Temperance- 
Harwood in January 1757; and witnessed the will of George 
Minge, dated 4 December 1781, and proved 2 January 1781. 
Bernard Major lived to a considerable age, dying intestate 
in 1793. An inventory of his estate was taken 28 January 
1794, but not recorded until 15 December 1796. He left 

issue: Joyce Major, who married Harwood; Bernard 

Major, hving in 1794; and Samuel Major, died 1784. Of 
the two sons, Bernard Major, Junior, of age in 1757, living 
in 1794, perhaps left no descendants; but Samuel Major, 
who died before his father, in February 1784, left issue 
another Samuel Major, (bom 1754, died 1785), who married 
Anne, daughter of Samuel Timson of York, and had : Samuel 



AND OF CHARLES CITY 65 

Major, who died without issue; Mary Major, who also died 
unmarried; and Anne Major, who married Richard Garrett. 

IV. James Major, of whom an account will be given 
hereafter. 

V. A daughter, who married Harman Wilcox. 

ILLUSTRATIVE DOCUMENTS 

TO ALL &c. Whereas &c, Now Know yee that I, the 
said Ffrancis Nicholson, Esqr, Govem'r, &c, do, 
with the advice & Consent of the Councill of State, 
accordingly give and grant unto John Major three hundred 
Seventy Six acres of Land, lying in Rappahanock County 
upon the branches of Gelson's runn and Hoskin's: begin- 
ing at a great white Oake by an Indian path, some three 
quarters of a mile from John Roberts'; lying from thence 
Southerly, and Extending South South West one hundred 
& Eight poles to a small white Oake in a small valley; 
thence South twenty five poles; thence South west two 
hundred forty & six poles, crossing a main branch of Hoskin's, 
to a white Oake some three outs Distant from the said Runn, 
on the South west side thereof; thence South East one 
hundred Sixty two poles to a white Oake at ye head of a 
small valley; thence North East, Crossing the said run again^, 
three hund'd Sixty one poles to a small white Oake upon a 
hill on the North side of a branch of Gilson's run; thence 
North west by West one hund'd & one pole to a white Oake 
upon a hill by an other branch; thence North west by North 
ninety two poles to a white Oake on a Levell; thence North 
forty two deg's westerly thirty eight poles to the first white 
Oake. The said Land was formerly granted unto Phillip 
May and Thomas Bells, by patent dated ye 21st day of 
October 1687, and by them deserted; and since granted to 
ye said John Major by order of the Gener'll Court, bearing 
Date ye 24th day of Aprill 1701: and is, further, due unto 
the said John Major by and for the Transportation of 
Eight persons into this Colony, whose names are to be in 
ye records mentioned under this patent: To have & to 



66 JOHN MAJOR OF YORK 

hold etc, to be held etc, Yeilding & paying etc, provided 
etc. Given under my hand & ye Seale of ye Colony this 
24th day of October Anno Dom 1701. 

FFR: NICHOLSON 

John Major Ms patent for 376 acres of Land in Rapp'a 
County — E: Jennings. 

Joseph Young, William Mack-daniell, Joseph ffox, George 
Reding & Susannah Netherway. (Headrights.) 

— ^Virginia Land Patents 

GEORGE &c. To all &c. Whereas, by one Patent under 
the great Seal of this our Colony and Dominion of 
Virginia, bearing date the 24th day of October 
Anno Dom: 1701, there was grante to John Major one 
certain tract or parcel of Land, containing three hundred 
and seventy six acres, lying and being in the County of 
Essex, formerly part of Rappahannock, upon the branches of 
Gelson's run and Hoskin's, and bounded as followeth: to 
wit, begining at a great white Oake by an Indian path, some 
three quarters of a mile from John Roberts'; lying from 
thence Southerly, and Extending South South West one 
hundred & Eight poles to a small white Oake in a small 
valley; thence South twenty five poles; thence South west 
two hundred forty & six poles, crossing a main branch of 
Hoskin's, to a white Oake some three outs Distant from 
the said Runn, on the South west side thereof; thence South 
East one hundred Sixty two poles to a white Oake at ye head 
of a small valley; thence North East, Crossing the said run 
againe, three hund'd Sixty one poles to a small white Oake 
upon a hill on the North side of a branch of Gilson's run; 
thence North west by West one hund'd & one pole to a white 
Oake upon a hill by an other branch ; thence North west by 
North ninety two poles to a white Oake on a Levell; thence 
North forty two deg's westerly thirty eight poles to the 
first white Oake: which sd Tract or parcel of Land was 
granted on Condicon of seating or planting, as in the sd 
Patent expressed: And Whereas the sd John Major hath 



AND OF CHARLES CITY 67 

failed to make such seating or planting; and William 
Major of the County of King & Queen hath made humble 
suit to our Lt Govem'r of our sd Colony and Dominion, 
and hath obtained a grant of the same Lands: Therefore 
know ye that, for divers good Causes and Consideracons, 
but more especially for and in Consideracon of the Im- 
portacon of eight persons to dwell within this our Colony of 
Virginia, whose names are Thomas Perre, Eliza Alebee, 
John Thorne, George Madby, Chas Hallett, James Johns, 
John Spring, & Eliza Harve, We have Given, Granted and 
Confirmed, and by these p'sents for us, our heirs and Suc- 
cessors do Give, Grant and Confirme, unto the sd William 
Major and to his heirs and assigns forever, all and every 
part and parcel of the sd Tract or parcel of Land: With all 
&c. To have, hold &c, To be held &c, Yeilding and paying 
&c. Provided &c. In Witness &c. Witness our Trusty and 
Wellbeloved Alexander Spotswood, our Lt Govern'r &c, at 
Williamsburgh, under the seal of our sd Colony, the six- 
teenth day of August, one thousand, seven hundred & 
fifteen, in the second year of our Reign. 

A: SPOTSWOOD 
Wm Major — 376 — Lapsed Land — fform in Aih page. 

— Virginia Land Patents 

WHEREAS Mr Thomas Ballard, Jun'r, brought 
before us a woman serv't, named Katherine 
Phillips; and by his peticon declareinge that She 
ran away from her Service, and did take Severall peeces of 

her Mistr's Linn en alonge with her; And yt he was 

att twenty shillings charge att ye least, besides loose of time 
in Lookeing after and bringing her whome Againe; and yt 
not long after the s'd Katherine Phillips did most wilfully 
and Mallishously Conveye some fire into her M'r's Trunck 

Amongst her Cloaths, (which did appear to be true 

by her owne Confession), & did there burne and Consume 
Soe much Silke and other fine Linnen, (to the value of 
fourteene pounds Ster.) — Itt is therefore ordered that the 



68 JOHN MAJOR OF YORK 

s'd Phillips serve her s'd Mast'r three years after her time 
by Indenture-to be expired, for the great loss and Damages 
her s'd Mast'r hath Sustained by her Evill and Mallishious 
Contriveances. 

— ^YoRK County Records 24 January 1686-7 

YORK COUNTY, February ye 9th 1690— Received 
then of Capt James Archer the sum of one hundred, 
eighty and two pounds and sixteen shillings sterl. 
and Nine thousand and three hundred and eighteene 
pounds of tobacco and cask; being the full portion of my 
Wife Katherine, the Daughter of Mr John Hubbard, 
Dec'ed; & received pr me THO: BALLARD 

Teste: (Signed) E. Jennings, Peter Temple. Recorded 
25 May 1691. 

— York County Records 

These two domestic items must be permitted to suffice, 
concerning Colonel Thomas Ballard of York, since the 
records of that county show that during the quarter-century 
between 1685 and 1710 hardly a court was held whereat he 
did not figure in a dozen cases, either on his own behalf, or 
in one of his multifarious official capacities, or as attorney 
for someone else. There is no beginning to pick from such 
a wealth of material; and besides, the curious will find fair 
copies of these records, as far as 1702, readily accessible at 
the Virginia State Library. 

HUBARD OF YORK 

JOHN MAJOR of York and Charles City counties married 
Anna, daughter of Colonel Thomas Ballard of York 
and Katherine Hubard. An account of Colonel Thomas 
Ballard has been given previously; and it seems well here to 
speak briefly of his wife's family, the Hubards. 

The Hubard arms, as borne by them during the seven- 
teenth century, still exist in a bookplate then used by a 
member of the family. They are: sable an estoile of six 



HUBARD OF YORK 69 

points, in chief a crescent argent, between two flaunches 
ermine. Crest, a Sagittarius. The arms are in the book- 
plate impaled with an unknown coat, blazoned as: argent 
on a chevron between three pheons gules, three mullets of 
the field. 

Matthew Hubard and John Hubard were brothers living 
in York by 1650. Matthew Hubard patented 595 acres in 
York county, 18 August 1655: due for the importation of 
twelve persons, namely "Wm Parke, Sen'r, Wm Parke, 
Jun'r, et uxor, Sarah Park, Wm Swinburne, Edward Harris, 
Wm Beamont, Rice a Welchman, ffra Taylor, & Ann 
filower." He was justice of the peace for York for several 
years, and died in 1667, his will being proved 4 April 1667. 
His inventory shows a library remarkable for size and 
quality. Matthew Hubard left issue: John Hubard, who 
died unmarried; Rebecca Hubard, who married John Edloe; 
and Matthew Hubard of James City county, who married 

Ellen . Matthew Hubard's wife, Sibella, survived 

him, and married, second, Jerome Ham (a burgess for 
York 1657-8), and, third, Wilham Aylett. 

John Hubard the younger brother, probably died in the 
January of 1667-8, as his inventory was ordered to be taken 
24 February 1667-8. His estate was valued, 8 May 1668, 
at £784, Is, 9d, which was notable wealth for the time and 
neighborhood. His widow, Katherine Hubard, was not 
long in finding consolation, inasmuch as James Besouth 
gave security for £500 on marrjdng her by a deed dated 14 
July 1668, recorded in York 12 April 1669. 

John Hubard left issue: 

I. Elizabeth Hubard, who in 1677 married Captain 
James Archer, and died 13 December 1727, leaving issue. 

II. Matthew Hubard, mariner, dead in 1694, who left 
issue : James Hubard. The will of this James Hubard, dated 
12 January 1719, recorded in York 15 February 1719, shows 

that he married EHzabeth , and left issue: James 

Hubard; and Matthew Hubard. 

III. Katherine Hubard, bom circa 1660, who in 1684 
married Colonel Thomas Ballard of York. 



70 HUBARD OF YORK 

Colonel Thomas Ballard of James City, father to Colonel 
Thomas Ballard of York, was appointed guardian to Mat- 
thew Hubard, the two girls being entrusted to their 
mother, now remarried. Colonel John Page was adminis- 
trator of John Hubard' s estate, as is shown by an acknowledg- 
ment from Matthew Hubard, recorded in York 8 May 1682, 
of having received his share therein — 9,318 pounds of to- 
bacco and £182, 15s. Ehzabeth Hubard had received her 
portion when she married in 1677: and Page relinquished 
his responsibility as to Katherine Hubard's inheritance by a 
deed dated 5 May 1679, recorded 26 June 1682, to James 
Archer (her brother-in-law) and Mrs. Katherine Besouth 
(her mother), who became thereby joint trustees. As has 
been seen, Katherine Hubard's portion was not delivered 
her husband until 1691; she must, however, have been of 
age in 1682, as she witnessed a power of attorney from 
John Taton to James Archer, dated 15 August 1682. She 
married Colonel Thomas Ballard, as has been said, in 1684. 

James Besouth, her mother's second husband, died in 
1681. His will, dated 10 November 1677, was recorded in 
York 24 October 1681 : his whole estate is left to his wife for 
life, with reversion at her death to Elizabeth, wife of Bridges 
Freeman. Freeman and his wife sold their interest in 176 
acres, a part of the land involved, to Matthew Hubard the 
elder (the son of John Hubard, as distinguished from John 
Hubard's nephew, also named Matthew), by a deed dated 
4 October 1683, recorded 14 October 1683. Katherine 
Besouth survived her second husband by more than twelve 
years, dying 19 March 1693-4: her will, dated 28 February 
1693-4, was recorded in York 26 March 1694. 

Much material as to descendants of the two Hubard emi- 
grants will be found in the William and Mary College Quarterly 
Volumes I, III, IV, V, and VI. 



THOMAS BALLARD OF YORK 71 

SUPPLEMENTARY NOTE AS TO BALLARD OF YORK 

COLONEL THOMAS BALLARD of York, John 
Major's father-in-law, was among the magistrates 
who sat at a court held in York 24 June 1710: he 
did not sit at the July court, nor after: but at a court held 
5 October 1710, "Matthew Ballard, as executor of the last 
will and testament of Lt: Coll: Thos Ballard, deceased, 
presenting a Certificate under the hand of Wm Barbar, 
Gent, for the said Ballard's takeing up a runaway Indian 
Woman, & it appeareing by the sd Certificate that the sd 
Indian Woman was apprehended twenty miles distant from 
her Master's dwelhng, it is ordered to be transmitted to the 
Assembly for allowance." This entry shows that Colonel 
Thomas Ballard was dead by October 1710; yet, rather 
curiously, his will, dated 26 September 1706, was not re- 
corded until 18 June 1711. 

On the same date Edward Powers, William Lee and 
Bassett Wagstaff were named to appraise the estate. Their 
inventory, returned and recorded 16 July 1711, amounts in 
all to £603, 12s, 8d. It includes eighteen negroes, six 
horses, fifty-one head of cattle, seventy ounces of plate, 
and "a parcell of Bookes, val'd at £2, 10s," The inventory 
is not unlike, in the general nature of its contents, the 
inventory of William Major, previously given, although of 
course Colonel Ballard was by far the wealthier of the two. 

Indeed, it should be borne in mind that Colonel Ballard 
was one of the wealthiest men of his time and neighborhood. 
For that reason his will is especially worthy of careful con- 
sideration, and a copy is in consequence appended. 

IN THE NAME OF GOD, Amen: I, Thomas Ballard 
of the parish of in the county of York, Gentle- 
men, being weak of body, but of Perfect mind & memory, 
thanks be to almighty God, do hereby Revoke all former 
wills & Testaments by me hitherto made, and make & 
ordain this my last will & Testament, in manner & form 
ollowing, my Just debts being first paid — 



72 THOMAS BALLARD OF YORK 

Imp's, I freely resign up my pretious Soul into the hands 
of my most gratious redeemer & mercifull Saviour, on whom 
always I trust for Justification & Salvation, and my body 
for Xtian buriall according to the discretion of of (sic) my 
Executors hereafter named, in hope of a glorious Resurec- 
tion : and as for my worldly Estate which God hath lent me, 
I dispose of as followeth: 

Imp's, I give & devise the plantacon or tract of Land I 
now live on, — begining its bounds on York River, runing 
up the North west side of the Creek that parts it from the 
Land late of one Walner to a Spring called Oxespring, and 
from thence North west to the great Road, down to the 
marked white oake near the Road that devides it from the 
Land of Colo: Diggs, so from thence along the line of the 
said Diggs down to a pasetur on the River Side, & so along 
by the said River to the Comer where it begun, — unto my 
son Matthew & to the heirs of his body Lawfully begotten; 
and in case my said son Matthew dye without issue, I give 
it to my son Thomas & to the heirs of his body lawfully 
begotten; and if my son Thomas dye without issue, then I 
give it to my son Robert & to the heirs of his body lawfully 
begotten; and if Robert dye without issue, I give it to my 
son John & the heirs of his body lawfully begotten; and if 
he leave no issue, then to remain to my son William & his 
heirs forever. 

Item, I give & devise my tract of Land whereon one John 
Brookes now Lives, — begining its bounds at the deviding 
line of one John Potter from the Land once of Major Robert 
Baldrey, & now mine, so down the main Road toward the 
said Colo : Diggs' to the af oremenconed white oake, so from 
thence up into the woods along the said Diggs' line near 
South west, & so along my line bounding the land of Charles 
Colleir untill it come to the land of Thomas Jefferson, and 
along the said Jefferson's line to the main Road where it 
begun, — unto my son Thomas & to the heirs of his body; 
and if he, my son Thomas, dye without issue, then I give it 
to my son Robert & the heirs of his body; and if Robert 
dye without issue, then to my son John & the heirs of his 



THOMAS BALLARD OF YORK 73 

body; and if John dye without issue, then to my son WiUiam 
& his heirs forever: and my will & meaning further is, if 
my tract of land above devised to my son Matthew shall 
descend or come to my son Thomas or his heirs, that then & 
from thenceforth the tract of Land herein-menconed to be 
devised to my son Thomas shall be & remain unto my son 
WiUiam & the heirs of his body Lawfully begotten, anything 
above s'd to the Contrary notwithstanding. 

Item, I give & devise the tract of Land on w'h I formerly 
dwelt, — and begining its bounds at the main Road & runing 
along the line of the abovenamed Potter to the head of a 
Swamp called White Marsh, so along the Swamp to the line 
of the Land late belonging to one Walners, and along the 
said Line to a Creek, and up the Same to the Spring called 
Oxespring, and thence Northwest to the great road that 
leads from Colo: Diggs's to Williamsburgh, and thence up 
to Potter-'s Comer where it begun, — to my son Robert & 
the heirs of his body Lawfully begotten; and if Robert dye 
without issue, then I give it to my son William & to his 
heirs forever. 

Item, I give & devise unto my son John all my Land on the 
South side of the Swamp called Whitemarsh. to him & to 
his heirs forever. 

Item, I give to my daughter Elizabeth, the wife of William 
Smith, twenty shillings to buy her a Ring, I haveing given 
her her portion already in marry age. 

Item, I give unto my daughter Anna, the wife of John 
Major, my negro Sue and the boy Larence, or fifteen pounds 
Sterling in Lieu of the said Larence, at the Choice of my 
Executors, to be delivered or paid within six months after 
my decease. 

Item, I give unto my daughter Katherine Molotto Susanna 
& her Increase, twenty pounds Sterling, the negro boy Tom 
Puding, my Second best featherbed, Bedstead, bolster, 
Pillows, blankets, Sheets, Covering, Curtains, Vallens 
thereto appertaining, & the young horse now breaking called 
Ring. 

Item, I give to my son Thomas Negro frank, four young 



74 THOMAS BALLARD OF YORK 

cows & a Steer of four or five years old, a featherbed, bolster, 
Pillows, Blanketts, Sheets, Covering, & bedstead, three 
pewter dishes worth eighteen shillings, six plates, & four 
Cain Chairs, to be paid & delivered to him when he comes of 
age. 

Item, I give to my son Robert negro Jane with her in- 
crease, ten pounds Sterling, three young Cows & a Steer 
of four years old, to be paid & delivered to him when he 
comes of age. 

Item, I give unto my son John negro Madge & her In- 
crease, ten pounds Sterling, & three young Cows, to be 
delivered him when he comes of age. 

Item, I give unto my son William negro Giles, Molatto 
Kate with her Increase, & ten pounds Sterling, to be de- 
livered & paid when he comes of age. 

Item, I give unto my daughter Mary my two Molattoes 
called Betty & Anne & their Increase, & a good featherbed 
performed as the beds above-menconed; and my will further 
is, that if any of my said five Children dye before they come 
to the age of one & twenty years, & not marryed, that 
this & their portions be Equally divided amongst the 
survivors of them. 

Item, I give to my three sons Robert, John & William, to 
every of them, a young horse, to be delivered when they 
come of age. 

Item, my mind & will is, that my Exec'r shall have the 
Benefitt of the Labour of all the negroes & Molattos given 
to my last named five Children, ( Vizt :) To Thomas, Robert, 

John, William & Mary: he therefore to give & allow 

them a Sufficien & proper Maintenance & Educacon, the 
s'd Mary till She come to age or be marryed, and the boys 
till they come of age or be by him putt to Lawfull Callings, 
as apprentices, w'ch I hereby Impower him to doe. 

Item, all the rest of my goods & Chatties not before given 
nor disposed of I give unto my son Matthew, whom I make 
& appoint whole & sole Exec'r of this my last will & Testa- 
ment; and I hereby request my trusty & well beloved friends 
Mr Lawrence Smith & Major William Buckner to direct, 



THOMAS BALLARD OF YORK 75 

assist & advise my said Exec'r in the Execution of this my 
will. In Witness & Confirmacon of all which I have here- 
unto set my hand & seal, this 26th day of Septem'r 1706. 

THOS: BALLARD (Seal) 

Attested in the presence of the Testator: (Signed) Jer: 
Ham, John Brooke, Solomon Harmon (the mark of), Sam'l 
Seldon, 

This will & Testam't was presented in Court by Matthew 
Ballard, the Exec'r therein named, who made Oath to it, 
and the same being proved by the Oaths of John Brook & 
Sam'l Selden, is admitted to Record; and on the mocon of 
the said Matthew, & his performing what is usuall in such 
Cases, Certificate is granted him for obtaining Probate 
thereof in due form. Test, Phi: Lightfoot, C: Cur. Truely 
Recorded. 

Colonel Thomas Ballard had married, as previously 
recorded, Katherine Hubard, who died before her husband's 
will was drawn up in 1706. They had issue: 

I. Matthew Ballard, born 1685, who married Jane , 

and died in 1720 without issue. His widow married, second, 
in 1726, Matthew Hubard, for years clerk of York county, 
who died in 1745. 

II. Elizabeth Ballard, born 1687, who married and 
left issue by William Smith of York. 

III. Anna Ballard, bom 1689, who married John Major 
of York and Charles City counties. 

IV. Katherine Ballard, who married and left issue by 
William Buckner of York. 

V. Thomas Ballard, who settled in Charles City county, 
and of whom an account is more conveniently deferred to 
page 86. 

VI. Robert Ballard, who married Jane . Robert 

Ballard, Carpenter, and his wife Jane Ballard conveyed 
Plot 24 in Yorktown to Vincent Pearse of the Kingdom of 
Great Britain, Gentleman, by a deed dated 15 October 1725, 
recorded in York county 15 November 1725. Robert 
Ballard died intestate, according to the petition to adminis- 



76 THOMAS BALLARD OF YORK 

ter his estate, presented by his widow 19 May 1735: and 
records of the Orphans Courts in York show he left issue: 
Henrietta Ballard; and Charlotte Ballard. 

VII. John Ballard, who died in Yorktown in 1745. He 

had married Ehzabeth , and left issue: Thomas 

Ballard; John Ballard; Robert Ballard; William Ballard; 
Catherine Ballard; Elizabeth Ballard; and Anne Ballard. 

VIII. William Ballard, who seems to have died un- 
married. 

IX. Mary Ballard, of whose marriage or descendants no 
record has been preserved. It is probable that she, as well 
as her brother William, died before reaching maturity. 




James Major of Charles City 

)AMES MAJOR, the youngest son of John 
Major of York and Charles City, was 
bom circa 1720, or possibly even later. 
Living as he did from first to last in 
Charles City county, the paucity of con- 
temporaneous records there renders it 
difficult to obtain accurate information 
as to the facts of his earlier life. 

It is apparent, however, that he married, circa 1745, his 
first cousin Mary, daughter of Thomas Ballard of Charles 
City; his oldest son another John Major, was bom not later 
than 1748. 

It is also certain that, in spite of his comparatively ad- 
vanced age, James Major served as a soldier in the Revolu- 
tion. A family tradition, to the effect that he was wounded 
in a battle fought in the North, returned to Charles City, 
and died there of his injuries before the conclusion of hostili- 
ties, is strikingly supported by recent investigation of 
Revolutionary records. These disclose that a James Major 
served in Captain Stephen Ashby's company in the Twelfth 
Virginia Regiment from March 1777 to June 1778; was 
transferred in July 1778 to Captain John Neville's company 
in the Fourth Virginia, and was one of the fifteen men 
honorably discharged therefrom 10 October 1778. It was 
at this time the Virginia troops were being reorganized, 
among other changes the Eight Regiment being combined 
with the Fourth. James Major's former regiment, the 
Twelfth, was now designated the Eighth; and he re-entered 
it in November 1778, as a member of Captain Wood's com- 
pany. He was transferred to Captain Robert Gamble's 
company in the same regiment, in May 1779, and remained 
in service until July 1779, after which month his name 



78 JAMES MAJOR OF CHARLES CITY 

disappears from the payrolls. There can be little doubt 
this was James Major of Charles City. 

Major was one of the men draughted in the early spring 
of 1777, and presumably joined the Twelfth Virginia at 
Morristown, New Jersey, where Washington was then 
reorganizing the Continental army. Major must have 
taken part in the defeats at Brandj^wine, 11 September 1777, 
and Germantown, 4 October 1777, and have passed thence 
to the terrible winter of 1777-8, at Valley Forge. The 
Twelfth Virginia was likewise present at the battle of 
Monmouth, 28 June 1778; and it was evidently through 
the readjustments following this battle that James Major 
was transferred for a while to the Fourth Virginia. There 
appears to be no record as to the movements of the Fourth 
Virginia during the summer of 1778; but these troops were 
probably with Washington at White Plains, where they took 
part at most in unimportant skirmishing. But, as has been 
said, in September 1778 the Virginia regiments were 
thoroughly reorganized; and through these changes James 
Major became a member of the Eighth Virginia (formerly 
the Twelfth, his original regiment), and by May 1779 was a 
member of Captain Robert Gamble's company therein. 

This circumstance would seem to identify the battle 
wherein James Major received the injuries from which he 
eventually died. It must have been the night attack on 
Stony Point, 16 July 1779, where the especial company to 
which James Major belonged — Captain Gamble's — is known 
to have played an eminent, and indeed the leading, part. 
As has been seen, James Major's name disappears from the 
payrolls immediately after the date of this engagement, 
when he had served little over two years, out of the three 
for which he must have enlisted. 

Stony Point, overlooking the Hudson, and then held by 
the British, was considered almost impregnable. General 
Anthony Wayne was, none the less, empowered by Wash- 
ington to take the fortress, if possible; and retorted with 
"Mad Anthony's" tolerably famous remark — "General, I 
will storm hell if you will only plan it." 



JAMES MAJOR OF CHARLES CITY 79 

An interesting account of how Wayne carried out the less 
ambitious undertaking will be found in the Virginia His- 
torical Collections, Volume XI. It suffices for the present 
that the Americans attacked the fort simultaneously from 
the north and south; and in the face of a terrible storm of 
grape-shot forced their way, at the point of the bayonet, 
through every obstacle, without firing a musket, until the 
van of each column met in the centre of the fortress. It 
was perhaps the most brilhant exhibition of courage that 
even the Revolution produced; though it may reasonably be 
questioned whether the whole affair was not a useless waste 
of life and ammunition, inasmuch as the British retook the 
fort within two days. 

Waddell, in his Annals of Augusta County, relates how 
Captain Gamble led one of the assailing parties, as well as 
how "Captain Gamble with his men mounted the wall in 
immediate vicinity of a cannon, and seeing the match 
about to be applied, barely had time to lower his head and 
order his men to fall flat before the gun was discharged. 
He was, however, permanently deafened by the concussion. 
His company immediately moved on, and were the first 
to enter the fort. Being busily engaged in securing prisoners, 
the British flag was overlooked until Lieutenant-Colonel 
Fleury observed it and pulled it down." There was thus 
afterward a dispute between Fleury and Gamble as to who 
was entitled to the leading honors: and Washington, after 
frankly conceding the pre-eminence of Gamble's claim, 
induced him to withdraw it, for fear of antagonising the 
French auxiliaries. 

James Major, then, it may safely be assumed was wounded 
in this assault; and returning to Charles City, died there 
at latest before the January of 1780. It will be observed, 
by the settlement of his estate, hereinafter quoted, that his 
coffin was paid for in the month just mentioned: tradition 
apart, this would indicate that he was not killed at Stony 
Point, since in that event he would have been buried there, 
at the pubhc expense. The item in itself would tend to show 
that James Major died in Charles City; the circumstance 



80 JAMES MAJOR OF CHARLES CITY 

of his coffin's having been paid for in the January of 1780 
would not of course be incongruous with his death's having 
taken place some while earlier: so that, all in all, as far as 
the existent evidence goes, James Major may have died any 
time between the August and December of 1779. 

It is likewise apparent that he left a will, which was duly 
proved in Charles City, and named Furnea Southall as his 
executor; but the text of this will has perished, with the 
other county records. The final settlement of James Major's 
estate, aforetime mentioned, was not made, however, until 
20 April 1793, and recorded 16 May 1793; so that this sur- 
vives to make clear, at worst, the names of his children and 
the approximate date of his quitting this life. 

His children eleven years after his death attempted to 
secure some substantial recognition of their father's services 
to his country, as happens to be shown by a stray item in the 
Journal of the Virginia House of Delegates. Among other 
petitions considered by the House, 20 November 1790, is 
enumerated : 

"Also, a petition of Ballard Major, in behalf of himself 
and others, representatives of James Major, deceased, who 
served as a soldier during the late war, praying that certifi- 
cates may be granted to them for the arrears of the pay and 
depreciation due to the said James Major." 

No record seems to exist as to whether or no this petition 
was granted. The State of Virginia, at all events, was, then 
as afterward, sadly strapped for want of ready money; and 
any remuneration collected by the heirs of James Major 
was of necessity a pitiable affair of shillings. 

James Major, as has been said, had married circa 1745 
his first cousin Mary, daughter of Thomas Ballard of 
Charles City; and he appears to have survived her, as in the 
settlement of his estate there is no mention of her share. 

In conclusion, this settlement contains a peculiarly 
characteristic item in: "To paid John Edloe for Rum and 
sugar to Bury dec'd, £26, 10s." Virginian funerals of the 
day were in effect social festivities. People in the sparsely 
settled neighborhood were compelled to come considerable 



JAMES MAJOR OF CHARLES CITY 81 

distances in order to attend; and hospitality demanded 
these people should not go away either hungry or thirsty. 
To prevent this, as is amply shown by surviving records, the 
relatives of the deceased very often went to rather excessive 
lengths: it is estimated that for a moderately attended 
interment "it required, for the assuagement of the mourners' 
grief, twenty-two gallons of cider, twenty-four of beer, and 
five of brandy; and to sweeten the drinks, twelve pounds of 
sugar." There is no doubting that this sort of consolation 
sometimes led to indecorous results; and many wills of the 
period contain the strange sounding request that there be 
"no drinking immoderately nor shooting suffered" at the 
burial of the testator. The "shooting," it is fair to specify, 
referred to the custom of firing volleys over the grave. There 
is thus no reason to suppose that James Major's funeral 
was in any way an extraordinary affair. 
James Major and Mary Ballard had issue: 

I. John Major, apparently the oldest son, of whom an 
account will be given hereafter. 

II. Sarah Major, who married Wilcox. She seems 

to have been the second child. 

III. Ballard Major, who in 1797 married Ann Hilliard, 
but left no issue. He sold his lands in Charles City to 
William Graves, in 1797-8, by three deeds hereinafter 
described, and appears then to have quitted the county. 

IV. James Major, living in 1793, of whose issue likewise 
there is no record. He, as well as his father, served in the 
Revolution, and concerning his military career a word follows. 

V. Elizabeth Major, who married Gill. 

VI. Mary Dancy Major, unmarried in 1780. 

VII. Martha Major, unmarried in 1792, when she gave 
Fumea Southall a receipt, hereinafter quoted, for her share 
in her father's estate. 

VIII. Another daughter. Christian name unknown, who 
married Stephen West, and died in or before 1779, leaving 
issue: John West; Sarah West; and Elizabeth West. 

As has been said, James Major's son of the same name 



82 JAMES MAJOR OF CHARLES CITY 

was a Revolutionary soldier, and it is a thought difficult to 
disentangle the two records. The younger James Major, 
however, some five years after his father's death, was 
granted a Bounty Warrant, as follows : 

"Council Chamber, April 29th, 1785. 

"No. 3833 — James Major is entitled to the proportion 
of Land allowed a Private of the Continental line, who 
inlisted for the War and served to the end thereof. 

THOMAS MERIWEATHER 

"A Warrant for 200 Acres Issued to James Major, April 
29th, 1785." 

And in the Virginia State Library, among the Bounty 
Warrant manuscripts, is still preserved a certificate that 
James Major enlisted previous to January 1777 in the Eighth 
Virginia, for three years; and afterward re-enlisted for the 
war — evidently in the First Virginia, as there is an ac- 
companying certificate that James Major was furloughed 
from that regiment, at Charles Town, 2 July 1783, and never 
again called on. The Eighth Virginia, it should again be 
said, was in September 1778 absorbed by the Fourth, as 
was the Ninth by the First. These two certificates were 
copied by Philip Southall, a justice of the peace for Charles 
City, and with them is filed the following note : 

"Gentlem'n Auditors — I request Capt. Nath'l Ashby to 
settle my acc't with you: please to send my Land Warrant 
and Depreciation by him, as I served a Land time for it, 
and have a just right to it. I am yours &c, 

JAMES MAJOR— A copy, Ph'p Southall." 

A manuscript volume among the archives — known as 
War 4 — shows that on 28 April 1785 Nathaniel Ashby was 
paid, for James Major, £57, 7s. 

ILLUSTRATIVE DOCUMENTS 

IN THE NAME OF GOD, Amen: I, John Major, Senior, 
of Westover Parrish in the County of Charles City, 
being sick and weak, but of perfect Sence & Memory- 
do make this my last will and Testament, as followeth: 



JAMES MAJOR OF CHARLES CITY 83 

Imprimus, I give to my brother James's son John Major 
one feather Bed, one Read and white heifer, and sow, and 
three shoats. 

Item, I give to my brother James's daughter Sarah 
Major Ten pound Cash. 

And lastly, I give to my Brother James Major, after all 
my Legacies Abovementioned, all the residue of my "Estate, 
whom I constitute and apoint whole & Sole Executor of 
this my last Will and Testament; Revoking all other Wills 
by me heretofore made; as Witness my hand and Seal, this 
5th Day of April, In the Year of our Lord one thousand, 
Seven hundred and Sixty eight, 

JOHN MAJOR, his + mark 

Sign'd, Seal'd, Publish'd and Deliver'd in the Presence of: 
(Signed) William Parrish, Jun; Thomas Ballard; Elizabeth 
Ballard, her mark. 

At A Court held in Charles City County, the 4:th day of May 
1768, — This last will & Testament of John Major, deceas'd, 
was Presented in Court by James Major, the Executor 
therein named. Sworn to by the said Executor; & being 
proved by the Oath of Wm Parish & Thomas Ballard, two 
of the Witnesses thereto, & ordered to be recorded. Certifi- 
cate is granted the said Executor for Obtaining a Probate 
thereof in due form; he having made Oath, & Entering into 
bond according to Law. Teste, Mord: Debnam, C. C. C. 



J 



— Charles City County Records 

AMES MAJOR'S ESTATE SETTLED: 

Dr, the estate of James Major, dec'ed, in account with 

Furnea Southall, executor: 



1780Jan'y7 To paid for a Coffin for the deceased.... £54 00 00 
To paid John Edloe for Rum and 

sugar to Bury dec'd 26 

To Crying the deceased's estate 50 

To levies, taxes &c for the year 1779.. 38 

To ditto for the year 1780 36 

To paid Clerk's tickets 99 



10 


00 


00 


00 


18 


09 


00 


06 


09 


00 



84 JAMES MAJOR OF CHARLES CITY 

To John Major's Legacy left him by 

the dec'ed's Will. 10 00 00 

To Sarah Willcox ditto 10 00 00 

To Mary D. Major ditto 10 00 00 

£334 18 03 

To paid James Major 14 05 00 



£349 03 03 
Cr: 

1780 March By amo't of sales of the dec'ed's es- 
tate, due Jan'y 1781 £2905 10 00 

Oct'r 20th '81 By interest Rec'ed on Henry Duke's 
& Cowles' bonds for their purchase 
at the sale 76 15 00 

£2982 05 00 
Amount Debt 349 03 03 

Divided amongst the Legatees as follows £2633 02 09 

£383, 2s, 9d — Between the Legatees liquidated by the scale 
of 50 for one, {With interest from Jan'y 1781) : 

Sarah Willcox £76, 12s, 6|d, at fifty for one, as above 

Mary D. Major the same sum, at ditto 

Martha Major the same, at ditto 

Elizabeth Gill— Do 

Ballard Major— Do 

Elizabeth Gill, also £452, 15s, in a Certificate for Money funded 

at 1000 for 1 
Ballard Major, also £1797, 5s in the said Certificate at the said 

rate — which said sums amount to the Ballance above, £2633, 

2s, 9d. 

Charles City County — In obedience to an order of the 
worshipful Court of the said County to us directed, we 
have examined. Stated, Settled and divided the estate of 
James Major, deceased, as above. Given under our hands, 
this 20th day of April 1793: (Signed) Wm Southall, Henry 
Duke, Wm Graves. 

At a Court held for Charles City County, on Thursday, the 
16th day of May 1793 — The within written settlement and 



JAMES MAJOR OF CHARLES CITY 85 

division of the estate of James Major, deceased, was this 
day returned and ordered to be recorded. Teste, Otway 
Byrd, C. C. 

— Charles City County Records 

MAJOR TO SOUTHALL, REC'T 
October 1st, 1792 — Rec'd of Furnea Southall 
the sum of one Hundred and eighty-two pounds, 
in full of my part of the personal estate due me from my 
deceased Father James Major's estate that he had in his 
hands, as guardian to me. 

MARTHA her + mark MAJOR 

Witness: (Signed) John Southall. 

At a Monthly Court, held for the County of Charles City, 
on Thursday the 18th day of October 1792, — 

The aforewritten Receipt from Martha Major, of the 
one part, to Furnea Southall, of the other part, was 
presented to the Court, and ordered to be recorded. Teste, 
Otway Byrd, C. C. 

— Charles City County Records 

Considerations of space prevent the giving in full of the 
three deeds, previously mentioned, whereby Ballard Major 
disposed of his share in his father's estate, to William Graves. 
Ballard Major and Ann Hilliard deeded their interest in 
twelve and three-quarters acres, for £15, 6s, on 23 February 
1797; he and his wife, Ann Major, deeded fifteen adjoining 
acres, for £18, on 14 December 1797; and Ballard Major 
alone (being now a widower) deeded forty more acres, for 
£22, 10s, on 21 February 1798. The land transferred by the 
last deed is described as "a tract or parcel of land situate in 
the said County of Charles City, and bounded as follows: 
by the land of Ingraham Gill on the East, and by the land of 
the said Graves on the North, West and South: containing 
forty acres of land, be the same more or less: it being all 
that balance of the tract of land that the said Major lately 
lived on, and devised to him by his Father James Major, 
deceased." 



86 BALLARD OF CHARLES CITY 

BALLARD OF CHARLES CITY: WITH DANCY OF 
CHARLES CITY 

JAMES MAJOR of Charles City, as has been said, married 
his first cousin Mary, daughter of Thomas Ballard of 
Charles City. This Thomas Ballard, as also has been 
recorded, on page 75, was the second son of Colonel Thomas 
Ballard of York. 

The younger Thomas Ballard was bom circa 1695, and 
was in consequence fifteen or sixteen years old at the time 
of his father's death. He seems to have been bound appren- 
tice, under the terms of Colonel Ballard's will, to his brother- 
in-law John Major, and to have been reared in the latter's 
household in Charles City. He was at all events married 
and living in Charles City in 1737, prior to which year, as 
has been said, there are no coherent records pertaining to 
that county. 

A deed from John Side and his wife Sarah to Thomas 
Ballard was acknowledged at the August court 1739. 
Thomas Ballard and his wife Mary had a suit against 
Francis Dancy in April 1742, which was prolonged until 
December 1742. The verdict in this case, (hereinafter 
given), shows that Ballard's wife was the elder daughter of 
Francis Dancy and his wife Amy, who had left issue : Francis 
Dancy, the eldest son, defendant in the suit; Mary Dancy, 
the elder daughter, married to Thomas Ballard, and, with 
her husband, one of the complainants; Samuel Dancy, dead 
without issue in 1742; Ann Dancy, dead without issue in 
1742; and Edward Dancy. WiUiam Dancy, and Benjamin 
Dancy, these last-named three being plaintiffs with Mary 
Ballard. The older Francis Dancy had by his will left 
certain slaves to his wife, to be divided at her death among 
his children equally, excluding his eldest son, Francis, and 
his elder daughter, Mary: and the main question at issue 
was, Amy Dancy being dead, what disposition was to be 
made of these slaves, now that two of the younger children 
had died intestate. It was ruled that the limitation held, 
excluding Mary Ballard and Francis Dancy from any 



BALLARD OF CHARLES CITY 87 

interest in the slaves; but that, none the less, Francis Dancy, 
as the heir at law, inherited after Samuel and Ann, and so 
was entitled to their two shares in the division. 

Thomas Ballard was appointed inspector at Kennon's 
Warehouse in August 1742. At the May court 1743, ''On 
the petition of Thomas Ballard, he is permitted to keep an 
ordinary at his house, he having given bond as the law 
directs." The license was renewed 14 March 1743-4, and 
several times afterward; and Thomas Ballard appears to 
have maintained this inn until the close of his life. 

At a court held the first Wednesday in September 1750 
he brought suit "on behalf e of himself & our Lord the King" 
against Daniel Boyce, for retailing liquor illegally — an 
infringement of the law which touched Ballard professionally. 
The outcome is not recorded. Thomas Ballard died not very 
long afterward, as in March 1756, and again in June 1756, 
his administratrix, Elizabeth Ballard, was bringing a 
Chancery suit against Richard Weir. 

He had married, first, Mary, daughter of Francis Dancy, 

and, second, Elizabeth , by whom he had no children. 

By his first marriage Thomas Ballard of Charles City had 
issue : 

I. Elizabeth Ballard, who married Henry Talman. 

II. Mary Ballard, who, as previously recorded, circa 
1740 married James Major of Charles City. 

HI. Thomas Ballard, died in Charles City November 

1790, who married Sarah , and had issue: William 

Talbot Ballard, will dated 6 August 1798, recorded in 
Charles City 21 February 1799, who died unmarried; 
John Ballard, will dated 18 May 1809, recorded in Charles 
City 21 April 1814, who likewise died unmarried; Francis 
Dancy Ballard, living in 1804, mentioned in the will of his 
brother Thomas; Thomas Ballard, will dated 13 August 
1804, recorded in Charles City 20 September 1804; Lucy 
Ballard, who married Peter Eppes; Ehzabeth Ballard, who 
married Moses Fontaine; and Sarah Ballard, who married 
Abraham Fontaine. 



88 DANCY OF CHARLES CITY 

The first wife of Thomas Ballard of Charles City, as has 
been said, was Mary Dancy, whom he married before 1725. 
Little data is available concerning the Dancy family, but 
she was a descendant of the John Dansey who patented 100 
acres near Checkroes Neck, 4 June 1636, described as 
adjoining land granted him by an earlier patent; and on the 
same date patented 350 acres in James City county — "A 
mile up Chickahomony river, on the north side, and bounded 
by a creek called Tanks Pasby hayes creek. Due, 50 acres 
for the personal adventure of his wife Alice Dansey, and 300 
for the Transportacon of six p'sons," whose names are 
given. He patented another 100 acres in James City county, 
25 May 1637— "on Tanks Pasbye hayes Creeke" 

The second grant comprised what was then known as 
Dansey's Point, to-day called Dancing Point, on the Chicka- 
hominy river. On Fry and Jefferson's map of Virginia the 
place is called Dance's Point, which was readily corrupted 
into Dancing Point, and the well-known story invented to 
explain its name, of how the devil and Mr Lightfoot of 
Sandy Point once held a dancing contest there, with a 
quantity of marsh land as the stake. Mr Lightfoot, as is 
notorious, is reputed to have outdanced the devil, and thus 
to have won the Lightfoot plantation, 

Francis Dancey, or Dancy, son to the preceding, patented 
282 acres in James City county, 30 October 1686, and left, 
with other issue, a son Francis Dancy. The latter, as has 

been seen, married Amy , and died in Charles City 

ante 1742, having had issue : 

I. Francis Dancy, sheriff of Charles City County, 1741, 
living in 1771, who had issue: Wilham Dancy; Benjamin 
Dancy; John Dancy; Francis Dancy; Edward Dancy; 

Hardyman Dancy; and Mary Dancy, who married • 

Davidson. 

II. Samuel Dancy, who died without issue before 1742. 

III. William Dancy, who likewise seems to have died 
unmarried. 

IV. Edward Dancy, will dated 11 February 1771, recorded 



DANCY OF CHARLES CITY 89 



in Charles City 3 April 1771, who married Rebecca 
but had no issue. 



V. Benjamin Dancy, will dated 1 February 1771, recorded 
in Charles City 6 March 1771, who died unmarried. 

VI. Mary Dancy, who as previously recorded, was the 
first wife of Thomas Ballard of Charles City. 

VII. Ann Dancy, who died unmarried before 1742. 

The verdict in Chancery in the Ballard-Dancy suit ' 
aforetime mentioned, is appended verbatim: 

THOMAS BALLARD and Mary, his wife, et als, 
complainant ag't Francis Dancy, Respondent, 
in Chancery: on hearing the bill, answer, & other 
pleading &tc. It is Decreed by the Court, that the remainder 
of the Slaves, in the will of Fran: Dancy (Namely, Jone, 
Betty & Bristow) Devised to Amey Dancy for life, & after 
her death to be equally divided amongst his Children, his 
eldest Son & Daughter excepted, is a good limitation to those 
in remainder, & that Mary, the wife of Thomas Ballard, 
the complain't, hath not any right to any part of the dis- 
tribution of Such Slaves; & it is also further decreed, that 
the complain'ts have not any right to any of the Slaves 
of Sam'l or Ann Dancy, dec'ed, & that the property of Such 
Slaves were absolutely Vested in the respondent, Francis 
Dancy, as heir at law to the s'd Sam'l & Ann. Therefore 
it is ordered, that Capt Sam'l Harwood, Capt Edward 
Brodnax, Mr Richard Kennon & Mr John WilHams, or any 
three of them, doe audit & Settle the Several personal es- 
tates of Amey Dancy, Sam'l Dancy & Ann Dancy, & doe 
ascertain & adjust what part of the said personal estates 
is due unto the Complainants (Vizt, Thomas Ballard 
and Mary, his wife, Edward, WilHam & Benjamin Dancy), 
& make their report to the Next Court." 

— Charles City County Records, 1742 



90 BALLARD OF JAMES CITY 

SUPPLEMENTARY NOTE AS TO BALLARD OF 
JAMES CITY 

IT HAS SEEMED expedient to defer until this the giving 
of an account of the founder of the Ballard family in 
Virginia. As is the case with most famihes of distinction, 
the founder was by no means the least notable member 
thereof. 

Thomas Ballard of James City county, bom in 1630, 
was in all likelihood a son of the Henry Ballard who is 
named as a headright in Captain Christopher Calthropp's 
land-patent of 1,000 acres in Charles River county, dated 
6 May 1636, and who himself patented fifty acres in War- 
wick county, 31 October 1642. There are divers other 
circumstances, here irrelevant, which indicate that Thomas 
Ballard had interests in Warwick, and was presumably 
bom there. 

It is certain, at all events, that he was in 1652 clerk of 
York county, and retained this office for eleven years after- 
ward. Ballard was thus already upon the road to prefer- 
ment. To quote once more from Mr. Bruce's Institutional 
History of Virginia: "There are numerous indications that 
the clerks of the county courts were frequently men be- 
longing to families of conspicuous influence. . . . As it 
was permissible to combine the office with other positions 
perhaps more lucrative, it was not considered even by men 
of good estates and of great political importance to be 
unworthy of their acceptance. It shows how far this com- 
bination of other offices with a clerkship was carried during 
the years preceding the Insurrection of 1676 that one man 
was allowed to perform, in addition to its duties, the duties 
of county surveyor, escheat master, and public notary, all 
places of decided profit. The office of clerk by itself must 
have been the source of a large income to the incumbents." 
At this time they were authorized to practise as attorneys 
in their respective courts — "and independently of these 
services, the fees which they were permitted by Act of 
Assembly to charge for their ordinary duties as clerks 



BALLARD OF JAMES CITY 91 

assured them an ample return for their labor." For the 
clerk's fees at this time compare Hening, I, 266; and, as 
altered during Ballard's tenure of the office, I, 464. 

On 16 July 1655 Thomas Ballard patented 1,000 acres in 
"Gloucester county, now called Kent", his tract lying east 
of the Mattapony river, bordering William Wyatt's land, 
and being due for the importation of twenty persons. He 
seems, however, never to have seated this land; and indeed, 
a marginal note is appended to the land-grant, "This Patient 
is relenqueshed for ye right to make good a pattent of 1,300 
Acres of the said Ballard^ s Dated ye 6th: October 1658." 
He a little later, on 15 October 1657, patented 600 acres 
"on South Peanketanke", assigned to Ballard by Abraham 
Moon (who had patented the land 1 November 1634), but 
this tract Ballard sold shortly afterward to Major David 
Cant. He then patented, 6 October 1658, some 1,300 
acres "on Whorecock swamp" in New Kent county, due for 
the importation of twenty-six persons, and 290 acres in 
York, 13 January 1661; but these lands Ballard also sold, 
and, apparently in 1663, removed to James City county, 
where for the remainder of his life he made his home. 

While a resident of York Ballard had married Anna, 
daughter of William Thomas of that county, this event 
taking place probably circa 1650, and at least as early as 
1658, as is shown by a deed of gift by Wilham Thomas, 
conveying to "Jane Hillier, wife of John Hillier" — daughter 
to Thomas's wife by an earlier marriage — a heifer, "named 
Tittymouse," wherein Thomas mentions his "son-in-law 
Thomas Ballard": the deed being dated 20 March 1658-9, 
and recorded in York 24 June 1659. There is also recorded 
in York a deed from Thomas Ballard and Anna Ballard, 
his wife, conveying to Matthew Hubard the land Ballard 
patented in 1661; which deed Anna Ballard sig-ned on 28 
March 1662, her witnesses being John Hillier and Jane 
Hillier. 

Thomas Ballard, then, removed to James City circa 1663, 
and was chosen to represent that county in the Virginia 
House of Burgesses for the session beginning 5 June 1666 



92 BALLARD OF JAMES CITY 

and proroged to 23 October 1666. He seems from the outset 
to have played no inconspicuous part in the Assembly. 
He was appointed, 31 October 1666, one of the ''Committee 
to regulate the price of Ordinary Keepers", for in those days 
the rates charged by innkeepers was not a matter beyond 
the deliberation of the lower house. On 2 November Ballard 
was named one of the committee "to attend the Governor 
about a treaty with Maryland and the Incident Instruc- 
tions", and, 6 November 1666, to "attend the Honourable 
Governor for drawing the Instruments for Wm Drum 
{Drummond) , Governor of Carolina, and the Instructions for 
the Commissioners for Maryland, and to treat also with his 
Honour concerning his Satisfaction for the Silk presented to 
this Country by his Sacred Majesty." This marks almost 
the last gasp of the long-continued effort to make silk in 
Virginia profitably. On the same date Ballard was also one 
of the committee to attend the Governor "to request his 
Honour to consider some Hon'ble persons that might be 
fit and would please to accept the Managing the Affairs of 
the Country in England." 

In the same year Ballard was named a member of the 
Council by Sir William Berkeley, then Governor of Virginia, 
with whose turbulent fortunes all Ballard's future was 
henceforward linked. Ballard seems to have served only 
one term in the House of Burgesses, just now; but he re- 
mained a member of the Governor's Council for thirteen 
years. 

It is difficult to overestimate the dignity of this position, 
and its importance justifies another (abridged) citation from 
Mr. Bruce. 

"Members of the Governor's Council were invariably 
chosen from the wealthiest, most capable and most in- 
fluential citizens of Virginia. This discrimination as to 
wealth did not have its origin in such a purely sentimental 
cause as the desire to maintain the extraordinary dignity of 
the office by choosing to fill it only men enjoying the highest 
consideration in the community; the care in selecting mem- 
bers of the Board among persons of property was attributable 



BALLARD OF JAMES CITY 93 

to the very practical fact that the Councillor served both as 
naval officer and as collector of customs for the district in 
which he resided; that as such he had the custody of very 
large sums of money ; and that unless he owned a competent 
estate, any default on his part would entail a permanent loss 
to the Colony. Should he, however, possess a large property, 
any deficit in his accounts could soon be covered by its sale. 
"Wealthy and prominent both socially and politically as 
the citizen must be to become a member of the Council, 
his nomination to that office at once greatly enhanced his 
importance. Appointment to the Board was one of the 
surest means of trebling and quadrupling a fortune, owing 
to the large salaries of the numerous very lucrative offices 
that went with it. The Councillors constituted the Upper 
House of the General Assembly, and in the various powers 
exercised by them in that character closely resembled the 
English House of Lords; in association with the Governor, 
they formed the General Court, which concentrated in 
itself the several jurisdictions of the Chancery, King's 
Bench, Common Pleas, Exchequer, Admiralty and Ecclesi- 
atical Courts of England; they served as commanders-in- 
chief or colonels of their respective groups of counties, and 
as such possessed privileges closely analogous to those of the 
English Lords-Lieutenants; they acted as naval officers, 
and in that capacity were called on to enforce all laws 
passed by Parliament and the General Assembly for the 
advancement of trade and navigation, and as naval officers, 
they also entered and cleared all vessels; they were the 
collectors of the export duty of two shillings a hogshead and 
of all other duties of the like nature, such, for instance, as 
the one penny a pound imposed on tobacco shipped from 
Virginia to another English Colony in America; they were 
the farmers of the quitrents, which they obtained from the 
Auditor on very low bids; and they acted as escheators, an 
office very lucrative in itself and offering unusual oppor- 
tunities for profitable investment. 

"It is not going too far to say that the members of the 
Council appropriated to themselves all those higher offices 



94 BALLARD OF JAMES CITY 

of the Colony which were attended with the largest salaries, 
or presented the most numerous chances for money-getting. 
They deliberately disregarded the fact that the concentra- 
tion of these offices in so few hands brought about serious 
damage to the public interests whenever the Councillor was 
required by his incumbency of two separate positions to 
perform two sets of duties really in conflict with each other : 
a Councillor, for instance, was called upon to pass upon the cor- 
rectness of his own accounts as collector; as collector, he was 
obliged, for his own enlightenment as a judge of the General 
Court, to inform himself of all violations of the Navigation 
Acts; as farmer of the quitrents, he practically owed the 
success of his bid to himself as Councillor; as escheator, who 
was a ministerial officer, he took and returned the inquisi- 
tions of escheats to himself as a judicial officer, and as such, 
passed upon points of law coming up in his own inquisitions. 
It is no cause for surprise that Bacon denounced the Council- 
lors as 'sponges to suck up the public treasury', as a 'powerful 
cabal' full of wiles for their own enrichment, and as traitors 
to the people in their greedy determination to appropriate 
to themselves all the official fat of the unhappy Colony." 

So much for Thomas Ballard's new responsibilities and 
opportunities. Meanwhile, he was named as one of the 
Virginia Commissioners appointed by Berkeley to treat 
with the Commissioners of Maryland and Carolina on 8 
November 1666, about the proposed scheme to force up the 
price of tobacco by refraining from planting any during the 
year 1667. The articles of agreement, binding all three 
colonies to raise no tobacco whatever during this twelve- 
month, had been signed at James City, 12 July 1666, by all 
the commissioners save Ballard alone, who evidently had 
no faith in the makeshift. His scepticism was shared by 
the more powerful Lord Baltimore, then Governor of 
Maryland, who eventually persuaded the Privy Council to 
declare the agreement of no effect. 

As a member of the Council, Ballard now made his home 
at Middle Plantation, afterward Williamsburg, where he 
was living certainly as early as 1668; and where on 28 



BALLARD OF JAMES CITY Qd 

January 1674-5 he purchased from Thomas Ludwell a 
considerable tract of land, including, as has been said, all 
the ground whereon stands the present College of William 
and Mary. Ballard's home seems to have been just east of 
the College, at the western end of Francis Street. 

In York, 24 April 1673, Thomas Ballard was appointed 
guardian of Anne Broomfield, the daughter of Mrs. Mary 
Marsh, deceased; and it is possible that this Mary Marsh 
was his sister. She had married, first, Thomas Broomfield, 
and, second, Joseph Croshaw (being his fifth wife), and, 
third, Clement Marsh. 

The outbreak of Bacon's Rebellion, in 1676, found Ballard 
high in Governor Berkeley's grace and counsel. In 1673 
he had been among the nine signers of the remarkable 
letter "on behalfe of Sr Wilham Berkeley", sent by members 
of the Council to King Charles II, defending the Governor 
against responsibility for the recent captures of many 
merchantmen off the Virginia coasts by the Dutch; and 
Berkeley, in a letter to Thomas Ludwell, dated 1 April 1676, 
when trouble with Bacon was plainly imminent, writes of 
"Coll: Bacon (cousin to the rebel), Mr Ballard, your brother 
(Philip Ludwell), and Mr Bray" as "al I have left to assist 
me." 

It is impossible to give any intelhgible account of Thomas 
Ballard without introducing therein some account of Bacon's 
Rebellion. This miniature civil war was brought on, pri- 
marily, by troubles with the Indians, some of whom uncivilly 
objected to making a present of their native land to English- 
men, and committed many murders on the frontiers of the 
settlements. Nathaniel Bacon, Junior, of Curies, in Henrico 
county, petitioned the Governor for a commission to fight 
against them, and, not receiving it, marched with a company 
of other malcontents up Roanoke river, attacked a camp of 
unprepared and hitherto friendly Indians, killed a hundred 
and fifty of them, and returned home. The inhabitants of 
Henrico, at least, were so well pleased by this rather dubious 
exploit that they elected Bacon to represent them in the 
next Assembly, which convened at Jamestown 5 June 1676. 



96 BALLARD OF JAMES CITY 

Bacon came to take his seat, and was arrested for high 
treason; but his friends were powerful, and a conciHation 
was patched up, whereby Bacon professed repentance for 
his late violations of the law and implored forgiveness of the 
Governor, which formally was granted. In this arrange- 
ment Thomas Ballard was one of the prime movers; and he 
was among the members of the Council who endorsed 
Bacon's application for a pardon, dated 9 June 1676. Yet, 
in passing, Ballard had been exphcitly denounced by Bacon 
in his proclamations, as the Governor's "wicked and perni- 
tious Counsellor." 

Very shortly, however. Bacon declared his life to be in 
danger if he remained in Jamestown, and fled by night to 
his home in Henrico. Here he gathered together five hund- 
red adherents and at their head marched back into James- 
town, unresisted. The Governor was for defying him even 
then, for all that Berkeley had scarcely a hundred men to 
back him against Bacon's half-thousand; but the Governor 
was overruled by the Council — Ballard being a leader in this 
also, — and, yielding to force, gave Bacon his long-sought 
commission to fight Indians. Ballard, for one, evidently 
thought they were well rid of Bacon on almost any terms. 
The English Commissioners, who afterward investigated 
this rebellion, record: "The Assembly also did passe orders 
to raise or presse 1,000 men, and to raise Provisions &c, 
for this intended service ag't the Indians, wherein severell of 
the councell and assembly members were concerne'd and 
acted in the promoting this designe, encouraging others to 
list themselves into Bacon's service, and particularly one 
Ballard, who endeavoured to perswade some (who scrupled 
the Legality of Bacon's commission) that it was fairly and 
freely granted by the Governor, Councill and Burgesses, 
this Ballard being one of the councill, and of those that 
both tooke and administered Bacon's Oath." Of the later 
clause an explanation will be made later. 

Bacon now returned to Henrico, and was on the eve of 
going out a second time against the Indians, when news 
arrived that Berkeley was in Gloucester county endeavoring 



BALLARD OF JAMES CITY 97 

to raise forces wherewith to uphold his authority as Gover- 
nor. This caused Bacon to give up his expedition, and to 
direct his march into Gloucester, where he found the harried 
Governor had fled to Accomac. Bacon, thus left supreme, 
summoned the leading men of the Colony to Middle Planta- 
tion, and there, 1 August 1676, made them swear to stand 
by him, even against soldiers sent from England. His next 
move was really to lead his troops against an unfriendly 
tribe of Indians — some Pamunkeys, whom he discovered 
and seems to have had little difficulty in killing off, in the 
recesses of the Dragon Swamp, in King and Queen county. 
He returned to the settlement, and found the Governor once 
more established at Jamestown. 

Now the charge of having been among those who at 
Middle Plantation swore to support Bacon against the 
Governor or, if need be, against troops sent from England, 
is elsewhere laid against Thomas Ballard. In "A List of 
the names of those worthy persons, whose services and sufferings 
by the late Rebell Nathaniel Bacon, Junior, & his party, have 
been Reported to us most signal and Eminent, during the late 
unhappy troubles in Virginia" — this list being drawn up by 
the aforementioned Commissioners — are enumerated "Col. 
Thomas Ballard & Lt-Col Edward Hill, both which Cas wee 
have heard) lost considerable by the Rebell party. The 
first of whom, both took and gave Bacon's unlawfull Oath." 
It is, in fact, indisputable that, when Berkeley fled to 
Accomac, Ballard was captured by Bacon's men, when they 
assembled at Middle Plantation — where Ballard's home was, 
— and cheerfully took the oath required of him, without 
any very earnest intention of keeping it. At all events, 
the moment Berkeley returned to Jamestown, Ballard 
rejoined him. 

Bacon made straight for Jamestown also, and, having 
arrived in "Paspahegh Old Fields," across from the Island, 
found that Berkeley had fortified the isthmus on the 
Island side. Bacon caused his men to throw up some earth- 
works, and fortified them, as is well known, under shelter of 
a pre-eminently unchivalrous trick, that peculiarly touched 



98 BALLARD OF JAMES CITY 

Ballard. For Bacon had somehow managed to capture the 
wives of the leading Councillors — "Madam Elizabeth Bacon, 
wife of (his cousin) Colonel Nathaniel Bacon, Senior; 
Madam Anna Ballard, wife of Colonel Thomas Ballard; 
Madam Angelica Bray, wife of Colonel James Bray; & 
Madam Elizabeth Page, wife of Colonel John Page" — 
dressed them in white aprons, and stationed them under 
guard on his breastworks, so that he might not be molested 
by shots from the opposing forces, commanded by these 
ladies' husbands, while Bacon was getting his camion 
moimted to attack Jamestown. 

After a brief engagement, wherein Berkeley's forces were 
worsted and William Hartwell, the captain of his personal 
bodyguard, was wounded, the Governor took ship and 
abandoned Jamestown; and Bacon, as is notorious, then 
entered and burned the city. He had matters his own way 
for a few weeks. But by October he was dead, smitten 
by a mysterious and horrible disease, wherein his opponents 
did not hesitate to find the judgment of heaven. The 
Rebellion collapsed with its leader's death; and the followers 
of Berkeley exacted a prodigal retaliation from Bacon's 
former adherents. 

It does not appear that Ballard showed any especial 
leniency; and, his convictions apart, Colonel Ballard had the 
purely personal grievance that, beside the discomfortable 
treatment of Ballard's wife already recorded. Bacon had 
just previous to the Rebellion bought lands and cattle from 
Colonel Ballard, for which Bacon had not paid anything 
save a promissory note for £500; and for which, now 
Bacon was dead and Bacon's estate was confiscated by the 
Crown, Ballard was not likely ever to get reparation. Ballard 
had thus been hurt both in pride and in pocket, when he sat 
as judge at the courts martial held 11 and 12 January 1676-7 
"on board Captain John Martin's shipp, in York River" 
and "att the house of James Bray, Esq" 20 January 1676-7 — 
where they convicted and hanged out of hand Ballard's 
former fellow-commissioner, William Drummond, — and at 
Green Spring, the Governor's residence, 24 January 1676-7: 



BALLARD OF JAMES CITY 99 

and Ballard, with the other judges, voted death to all the 
adherents of Bacon they could lay hands on. He sat too 
at the courts held at Green Spring, 1, 3 and 15 March 
1676-7, at which many other victims were either sent to the 
scaffold or heavily assessed. Curiously enough, he absented 
himself from the trial of Giles Bland on 8 March 1676-7. 
This can hardly have been by accident: and as Ballard sat 
at all the other trials, before and after, the conclusion is 
irresistible he had some personal reason for wishing to take 
no part in Bland's formal condemnation. It does not 
appear, on the other hand, that Ballard lifted a finger to 
save him. 

Hard upon these "bloody assizes" followed the removal 
of Governor Berkeley from office, 27 April 1677. Ballard, in 
passing, was one of the witnesses to Berkeley's will, dated 
2 May 1676, but witnessed 20 March 1676-7, less than a 
month before the old knight's downfall. Berkeley left for 
England 5 May 1677, Colonel Herbert Jeffreys succeeding 
him as Governor: and now the three Commissioners — • 
Jeffreys, with Colonel Francis Moryson and Sir John Berry, 
— set about investigating the causes of the recent disturb- 
ances. The counties sent in their several ''grievances"; 
and there was no lack therein of lurid verbal dehneation of 
the tyrannous conduct of Captain William Hartwell, who as 
has been said commanded Berkeley's bodyguard, and of the 
misdoings of the deposed Governor's chief adherents, 
Thomas Ballard, Philip Ludwell, Robert Beverley and 
Edward Hill. These men were presently, in consequence, at 
daggers drawn with the Commissioners: but in the mean- 
while, hardly had the "grievances" been handed in, before 
the Commissioners were generally considered to have 
exceeded reasonable limits in meddling at all with Virginian 
affairs, so touchy had the settlers grown in matters affecting 
their independence; and popular opinion, suddenly veering, 
now looked to Ballard and Ludwell and the others whom only 
yesterday popular opinion had stigmatized as Virginia's 
oppressors, to defend outraged colonial rights against un- 
warrantable English aggression. 



100 BALLARD OF JAMES CITY 

Thus, as a result of the Commissioners' reports, the Lords 
of Trade and Plantation, on 10 February 1678-9, ordered 
Philip Ludwell and Thomas Ballard to be excluded from 
the Council, and this was done: but public dissatisfaction 
in Virginia speedily forced Lord Culpeper (who followed 
Jeffreys' successor Chicheley as Governor, in 1680) to 
re-instate Ludwell; and the people had meanwhile given 
Ballard the highest office in their power, by electing him 
burgess for James City county, for the session beginning 6 
June 1680, and making him Speaker of the House. Ballard 
was re-elected burgess for the sessions of November 1682, 
10 November 1683, 16 April 1684, 2 November 1685, and 20 
October 1686; and was Speaker in 1680, 1682, 1683 and 
1684. 

He thus retired from public life, rather irrationally con- 
verted into a popular hero, at what was then considered the 
ripe age of fifty-six; and of the remaining two years of his 
life appears no record. Colonel Thomas Ballard was buried 
in James City county, where he had long been a vestryman 
of Bruton parish, 24 March 1689. 

In 1686 his ten-year-old claim against the forfeited estate 
of Nathaniel Bacon was taken up, and Ballard's case as 
creditor was represented to the King by the Council. No 
record exists as to whether or no Ballard was ever paid: 
but in the Virginia State Archives is still preserved Ballard's 
unreceipted bill and Bacon's uncancelled promissory note, 

Ballard's first wife, Anna Thomas, had died some years 
before him, on 26 September 1678. He had evidently re- 
married, as in York was recorded, 24 July 1691, "An order 
ag't Mr Thomas Barbar, High Sheriff, is granted Mr Tho: 
Ballard, Assigne Ahce Ballard, Ex'c'r'x of Coll: Tho: Ballard, 
Assigne Henry Waring, being for ye non-appearance of Jno 
Eaton." This suit was dismissed 24 September 1691, the 
case being dropped. The entry, in connection with the 
hereinafter mentioned suit brought by William Ballard at 
the last-named court, would indicate that Colonel Ballard 

married, second, Alice , who survived him and 

acted as his executrix. By this second marriage there were 
no children. 



BALLARD OF JAMES CITY 101 

Colonel Thomas Ballard and his first wife, Anna Thomas, 
had issue: 

I. John Ballard, who settled in Nansemond county, 
where he patented 300 acres, 2 June 1673. It is stated on 
excellent authority that he died without issue before 1694: 
yet it would be interesting to know who were the Joseph, 
Elisha and Elias Ballard who patented 250 acres in Nanse- 
mond, 20 April 1694, and took out other land-grants in that 
county later. 

II. Colonel Thomas Ballard of York, of whom an account 
has been given elsewhere, on page 57. 

III. Lydia Ballard, who married Thomas Harwood. He 
survived her, and married, second, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Thomas Read, and died in 1700, without issue by either 
marriage. 

IV. Elizabeth Ballard, who married Ladd, and 

had, with other issue: James Ladd of Charles City county, 
who married Judith Christian. Compare page 54. 

V. Martha Ballard, who married John Collier, but left 
no issue. 

VI. William Ballard, of whom very little is known. He 
figured in the York records, shortly after his father's death, 
in a suit he brought against James Harrison, William 
Ballard being then described as "assignee of Benj : Good- 
rich, Attorney of AHce Ballard, Exorx Coll: Tho. Ballard, 
dec'ed": this suit, begun at a court held 24 September 1691, 
was dismissed at a court held 24 November 1691, the 
defendant making oath the debt had been paid through 
Jerome Ham. 

VII. Francis Ballard, sub-sheriff of York in 1694, and 
sheriff of Ehzabeth City county in 1705. He married Mary, 
daughter of Bertrand Servant, and died 12 March 1719, 
leaving issue: Francis Ballard; Servant Ballard; Frances 
Ballard; Mary Ballard; Lucy Ballard; and Anne Ballard. 




John Major of Charles City 

)OHN MAJOR, the eldest son as far as 
ascertainable of James Major of Charles 
City, was born before 1748, as he wit- 
nessed a deed by Francis Tyree dated 30 
January 1769, and recorded in Charles 
City. Upon the other side, John Major 
could scarcely have been bom before 1745. 
He was thus in the neighborhood of thirty at the out- 
break of the Revolution, and was one of the first to enlist — 
or to speak to the foot of the letter, one of the first to be 
enlisted, — in Charles City. John Major's name is therefore 
to be found in the unique manuscript list, discovered in the 
Capitol in 1852, and now to be seen in the Virginia State 
Library, of "Militia draughted from Charles City on 25 
Nov'b'r, & put under the command of Benj. Harrison JuW" 
John Major's autograph likewise is preserved in this docu- 
ment, signed to two receipts. 

"We the Subscribers have received of Capt Benj Harrison 
Ju'r the several sums mentioned next to our names, & dated 
on the day Received, in Williamsburg. . . . Received 
2 Dec'r, Ten Shillings— JOHN MAJOR." 



"John Major, Cr. 

1776 Dec 19 By 19 days Service in the Militia 16d 

pr & 5 Rations at l\d £1 8 5| 

"John Major, Dr. 

1776 Dec'r 2d To Cash p. Rec't 10 

To Bal. due 18 5i 



Rec'd Jan'ry 5th of Capt Harrison the above Acc't in full 

—JOHN MAJOR." 



JOHN MAJOR OF CHARLES CITY 103 

The roster of this company is hereinafter given, on page 
106. As will be seen, the company consisted of forty-four 
men and nine officers, and embraced among its membership 
representatives of practically all the oldest and best-known 
families of Charles City. The fifty-three men, to all ap- 
pearances, were equipped with twelve muskets and six 
borrowed guns, which scarcely constituted a formidable 
armament : but it does not seem they saw anything of actual 
warfare for a year or two. The movements of the Charles 
City militia, however, between 1776 and 1780 have not 
been preserved on record. 

There is a family tradition that John Major took part in 
the battle of Monmouth, serving in one of the Virginia 
regiments; but research, unluckily, affords no proof of this. 
There was very certainly a John Major who enlisted 15 
February 1777 in Captain James Quarles' company in the 
Second Virginia State Regiment, for three years, and was a 
member of Captain William Long's company therein as late 
as November 1779; and as such, he must have been present 
at Monmouth and under fire of General Washington's 
historical profanity. But for the services of this John 
Major, Bounty Warrant No. 3830 (for 100 acres) and £57, 
7s, was granted, in April 1785, to William Bigger, as assignee 
of WiUiam Major, then the heir and legal representative of 
John Major, deceased. So that this was evidently one of 
the King William county Majors, several of whom were in 
the Revolution, and of whom at least two (compare the 
Journal of the Virginia House of Delegates, for 11 December 
1779) died in service : and could not possibly have been John 
Major of Charles City, since the latter had no son named 
WilHam, and survived, as will be seen, until 1810. 

John Major of Charles City, however, took the field again 
when the Charles City militia was ordered south, on 25 
June 1780. They were among the troops put under the 
command of General Gates in South Carolina, whose forces 
for the most part consisted of militia. Gates risked' in this 
campaign only one battle — on 16 August 1780, at Camden; 
and it cannot be asserted that the Virginia mihtia won there 



104 JOHN MAJOR OF CHARLES CITY 

much glory, however undoubtedly they at first showed 
bravery. But in the end, as one historian has left recorded, 
"after holding their ground stubbornly and successfully, the 
untrained undisciplined militia, outnumbered and out- 
flanked, gallantly rallying twice in the midst of their enemies, 
finally threw away their arms and fled, panic-stricken and 
pursued by the British, who cut down eight hundred of them 
on the field. . . . Never had an American army suffered 
such a disastrous defeat; it was utterly broken and dis- 
persed." 

It does not appear that John Major was either wounded 
or captured in the debacle, in which the British took about a 
thousand prisoners. He seems to have escaped unhurt, 
made his way home, and thereafter to have eschewed 
military life; there is no record that he took part in La- 
fayette's Virginian manoeuvres in 1681 or in the siege of 
Yorktown, as did so many of the militia. But John Major 
was later remunerated for his part in Gates' southern 
expedition, on the moderate scale of sixteen pence a day, 
as may be seen by the Auditor^s Accounts for Virginia, 
under date of 17 April 1784, when was issued a "Warrant 
to John Major, for his services in the militia of this State. 
£3, 9s, 4d." 

John Major thereafter made his home in Charles City, 
where for the next thirty years his life seems to have been 
unmarked by any stirring incidents. The county records 
afford nothing of any interest concerning him, with the 
possible exception of his meticulous accounts as guardian to 
his nephew and nieces, the children of his dead sister, who 
had married Stephen West, also deceased. Manifold pages 
are devoted to these accounts, presented to the court by 
John Major at irregular intervals between 1790 and the 
estate's final settlement in the August of 1803: and those 
for 1790 are hereinafter given, with a word of explanation, 
as sufficiently curious to merit preservation. 

John Major died in 1810; and his will, dated 28 March 
1807, was recorded in Charles City county 21 June 1810. 
This document, hereafter given in full, on page 109, throws 



JOHN MAJOR OF CHARLES CITY 105 

little light upon the extent of his worldly possessions; but 
the fact that he devised some fifteen slaves or more to his 
various children would indicate a comfortable estate. The 
opening bequest, to his son Edward, would seem to indicate 
some family complication, to which the key is lost. The 
will of John Marable is not on record in Charles City, among 
the surviving records, so the mystery is likely never to be 
unraveled; but it seems undeniable that John Major, who 
had kept such painstaking accounts as guardian to his 
nephew and nieces, had somehow muddled those he kept 
as guardian of his son. 

He had married in or before 1776, before the outbreak of 
the Revolution, and his departure from Charles City to take 
a hand therein, Martha, daughter of George Marable; she 
survived him, and as is shown by the will of his son Edward, 
hereinafter given, was hving in 1818. Martha Marable 
must have been by much the junior of her husband, as her 
last child, George Bernard Major, was bom in 1804, when 
John Major was at best nearing sixty. 

John Major and Martha Marable had issue: 

I. Edward Major, whose descendants for conveniency's 
sake are grouped hereafter, 

II. Katherine Major, who married and left issue by 
Drewry Birchett. Her descendants have not been traced. 

III. Anne Finch Major, who married George Moody, 

and had issue: John S. Moody, who married Lowry; 

George Moody, who married and left issue; Eliza Moody, 
died unmarried; and Laura Moody, who likewise died 
unmarried. 

IV. Elizabeth MAJOR,who married her first cousin Edward 
Marable, and had issue: John Marable; and Maria Marable, 
who married and had issue by her first cousin John E. S. 
Major, son of George Bernard Major. 

V. Maria Major, who shortly after her father's death in 
1810, married Wilham Allen, and had issue: William Allen; 
James Allen; Mary Allen, who died unmarried; Katherine 
Allen; Maria Allen; and Margaret Allen, who married Dr. 
Palmer. 



106 JOHN MAJOR OF CHARLES CITY 

VI. George Bernard Major, whose descendants for 
conveniency's sake are grouped hereafter. 

The exact locahty of John Major's home in Charles City, 
it should be said in conclusion, appears indeterminate, but 
it probably adjoined the "Burlington" estate of some 294 
acres owned by his son Edward Major, within two miles of 
the Courthouse. The house now standing at "Burlington" 
was in process of construction at the time of Edward Major's 
death in 1818. The residence was completed by his executor 
John Tyler (afterward President), and, at the request of 
Edward Major's widow, upon a considerably more modest 
scale than Edward Major had planned. The place, passing 
to Edward Major's son Edward Glarster Major, was sold 
to John M. Gregory (afterward Governor of Virginia), who 
made considerable alterations and additions, and left the 
house much as it stands to-day — apart, that is, from many 
sorry dilapidations of time. The house has, moreover, of 
late years been tenantless, the estate having passed into the 
hands of a lumber company. 



M 



ILLUSTRATIVE DOCUMENTS 
ILITIA draughted from Charles City on 25 

Nov'b'r, & PUT UNDER THE COMMAND OF BeNJ. HaR- 

RisoN, Ju'r: 



Benj. Harrison, Capt.: Will'm Edloe, Ju'r, Lieut.: John 
Harwood, Ensign: Henry Vaughn, Fumea Southall, John 
Nibb, Serjeants: Tom Morecocke, John Redwood, Edmond 
Christian, Coup's. 

Lewis Crutchfield, 1 Country's Muskett; Thomas Gill; 
Benjamin Hughes, 1 Parish gun £4, Blankett 12; Charles 
Carter; John Major; John Atkinson; William Burton; 
John Wilcox; Henry Finch; Samuel Butler, T. Stagg's Gun, 
VaVd £4; Wilham Harrison; John New; John Stubblefield; 
Henry Roach; David Wilkinson; Thomas Butler, D. Roper's 
Gun, Val'd £4; John Colgin, 1 Country's Muskett; Benj a 
Apperson, J. Knibhs' gun, Val'd £3; Charles Holdsworth, 



JOHN MAJOR OF CHARLES CITY 107 

Blankett 12; Edward Clark; William Wilson; Richard Cole, 
1 Mushett (Country's); Allen McBrown; Harrison Pearmon; 
William Phillips, 1 musket (Country's); John Smith, 1 
muskett (Country's); Samuel Christian, F. Durfey's gun, 
Val'd £2, 10s; Gideon Bradley, 1 muskett (Country's); 
Henry Wills, 1 muskett (Country's); William Walker; Richard 
Gill; William Terril; Alexander McBrown; Benjamin Buck; 
John Royster, W. Folk's gun, Val'd £3; Henry Harvey; 
Richard Barnes, 1 muskett (Country's); William Hardiman, 
1 muskett (Country's); Thomas Warburton, 1 muskett 
(Country's) ; John Warburton, 1 muskett (Country's) ; Robert 
Maynard; John Nance; George Baker; William Floyd, 1 
muskett (Country's). 

— Manuscript in Virginia State Library 



'OHN MAJOR'S ACCOUNT as Guardian to West's 
Orphans 



I 

^/ John West, Orphan of Stephen West, deceased, 

in Account with John Major. Guardian — Dr. 

1782 To paid Ed Marrable for Board and Schooling £6 00 00 

1783 To four months board, at £8 p. year 2 03 04 

To seven yards of Cotton Cloth, at 3 1 01 00 

1784 To one pair of Shoes 5| 6 yards sheeting 15|9 ._. 1 00 09 

1785 To 1 Hatt 4| 2| yards of Broad Cloth 27 16 But- 

tons l|8i 1 13 02i 

ToTwist |8d Silkll shaloon3| buckramll 05 08 

1787 To two pair of Stockings 5| 7 yards Oznabrigs 7| 

3^ yds ditto 3 16 15 06 01 



£12 19 05i 



Sally West, Orphan of Stephen West, in account as afore- 
said: 

1784 May, To paid William Wright for Board £04 09 00 

1785 To your Board till Christmas 4 00 00 

1786 To 3| yards of Linen 10| 3| yds Shalon 11 13 

4 yds Oznab's4| 1 05 03 

To 3 yds Sheeting 1019 4yds Durants 13 1 
sheeting 1|7| silk 1] 1 06 04^ 



108 JOHN MAJOR OF CHARLES CITY 

To 1 pair of Shoes 7|8 Board for one year, 

Vizt. 1786, £8 8 07 08 

To Board for this year. 8 00 GO 

To 1 Yard of linen 02 06 



£27 10 m 



Elizabeth West, Orphan of Stephen West, in account as 
aforesaid, Dr: 

May 1784 To 1 pair of Shoes 5| 4 lbs Cotton 6| 

2Bar;Corn30| £2 01 00 

Nov. 1785 To 7 yards of Linen 21 1 Thread 1|6 

Tammy 9|11 ...._ 1 12 05 

To 5 yards of Callico 2l|8Linen2| 

silk 1 1 - 1 04 08 

January 1787 To 20 lbs Cotton, at 4d| p. pound, 

7|6: 1789, to 6 yds linen 15| 1 02 06 



£6 00 07 



The orphans of Stephen West, in account as aforesaid, Dr 

1787 To keeping two small Negroes 3 12 00 

1788 To keeping two small Negroes 3 12 00 

1789 To keeping two small Negroes 3 12 00 

£10 16 00 

Their estate — Cr: 

By a bond for £12 00 00 

By a bond for _ 2 01 00 

By a bond for ..- — - 6 00 00 

By a bond for _ 15 03 00 

1787 By hire of Nanny 1 02 00 

By hire of Mille 1 00 00 

1788 By hire of Nanny._ 1 15 00 

By ditto of Mille 1 00 00 

1789 By hire of Nanny 1 03 00 

By ditto of Mille 1 00 00 

£42 14 00 

Ballance due John Major £14 12 09 

— Charles City County Records, 1790 



JOHN MAJOR OF CHARLES CITY 109 

These accounts, for their entire comprehension, require 
a shght glossary. A "twist" was a skein of cotton yam for 
stockings. "Shalloon", derived from Chalons in France, 
was a light loosely-woven woolen stuff used for women's 
dresses and coat-hnings. "Osnaburg", first manufactured 
in the city of Osnaburg in Germany, was a coarse linen 
made of flax and tow. "Durant" was a generic term for any 
very durable material for garments, such as buff-leather or 
an imitation thereof. "Tammy", or properly "tamin," 
was a thin highly glazed worsted or woolen fabric. 

IN THE NAME OF GOD, Amen: I, John Major of 
the County of Charles City, being weak in body, but of 
usual mind and memory, do make this my last Will 
and testament, in manner and form following, to wit: 

My Soul to God, who gave it me; and my worldly goods 
which it has pleased him to bless me with, I dispose of as 
follows : 

Vzt, I give and bequeath to my Son Edward Major, and 
his heirs forever, George and Celia (and her increase), which 
Negroes are now in possession of the said Edward; and I 
also give unto my said Son Edward all my lands after the 
death of my much loved Wife, to him and his heirs forever, 
provided the said Edward will fully discharge and release 
me from a claim which he has against me as his Guardian 
for a sum of money received by me of the representatives 
of his late Uncle John Marable; but in case of his refusal, 
I then subject the said lands, or a necessary part thereof, 
to discharge the said claim, with the interest that may be 
due thereon. 

2nd, I lend my dear and much loved wife Martha all my 
lands during her natural life, and every article of property 
I may die possessed of, except that which may be necessary 
to pay my just debts, and which I may give to my respective 
Children by this instrument of writing. 

3rd, To my Daughter Caty Burchett I give Cloe and her 
increase, which Negroes are now in possession of her Husband 
Drewry Burchett, to her and her heirs forever; and I also 



110 JOHN MAJOR OF CHARLES CITY 

give her the bed and furniture which I lent her at her 
marriage. 

4th, To my Daughter Nancy Finch Moody I lend Hannah 
and her Children and their increase, and after her death I 
give and bequeath the same to her child or Children, and 
their heirs forever; and I also give and bequeath to her the 
Bed and furniture lent her at her marriage. 

5th, To my Daughter Betsey Marrable I lend Anaka, 
Sylvia and Lavinia and their increase; and after her death 
I then give and bequeath the same to her Child or Children 
and their heirs forever. 

6th, To my Daughter Maria Major I give Nanny and her 
three Children and their increase, when she shall reach the 
age of twenty-one years or marry, to her and her heirs for- 
ever. 

7th, To my Son George Bernard, after the death of my 
dear Wife, I give all the property (my lands excepted) of 
every kind lent to my said wife Martha during her natural 
Life, to him and his heirs forever. 

8th, My just debts, it is my will and desire, may be paid 
by my executrix and Executor hereafter named, out of that 
Portion of my personal estate lent my Wife during her life; 
and it is my hope that they will consult, and agree as to the 
property which can be best spared for that purpose. 

9th, To my Daughter Betsey Marrable mentioned in the 
5th Item, I give the feather bed and furniture lent her at her 
marriage; and it is also my will that my Wife give to my 
Daughter Maria, mentioned in the 6th Item, a feather Bed 
and furniture out of that which I may have before assigned 
my Son George at her death. 

And lastly, I constitute and appoint as Executrix and 
Executor of this my last will and testament, my dear Wife 
Martha and my Son Edward Major. In testimony whereof 
I have here set my hand, and had my seal affixed, this 
twenty-eighth day of March one thousand, eight hundred 
and seven. 

JOHN MAJOR 



JOHN MAJOR OF CHARLES CITY 111 

Signed and acknowledged, and the seal affixed thereto, in 
presence of (Signed) C. Harrison, M. Willcox, G. Drinkard. 

At a Monthly Court held for Charles City County at the 
Courthouse, on thursday the twenty-first day of June 1810: 
The aforewritten last will and testament of John Major, 
dec'ed, was this day presented in Court, and being proved 
by the Oaths of the subscribing Witnesses thereto, is ordered 
to be recorded, and is truly recorded. Teste, Wyatt Walker 
C.C. 

— Charles City County Records 

1, EDWARD MAJOR, of the County of Charles City, do 
make and ordain this writing as and for my last Will 
and Testament, hereby revoking all other wills hereto- 
fore made by me. 

Imprimis, It is my will and desire that all my just debts 
be paid, to accomplish which I subject such part of my 
estate as will be sufficient for that purpose. 

Item, It is my will and desire that at the end of the present 
year, or as soon thereafter as practicable or convenient, 
my executors make sale of the perishable part of my estate, 
together with the crops of all kind; and the proceeds of said 
sale, or the balance thereof remaining in the hands of my 
executors after the payment of my debts, to be applied to the 
support of my wife and children and the education of my 
children. 

Item, It is my will and desire that my wife be supported 
out of the profits of my estate as long as she remains my 
widow or stands to the provision made her by this will; but 
on her marrying again or renouncing the provisions made 
her hereby, that she have such part of my estate as the laws 
of the Country entitle her to. 

Item, I give and bequeath to my son Edward G. Major 
all the lands I am entitled to under the will of my father at 
the death of my mother, and my tract of land called Burling- 
ton, to him my said son Edward G. and his heirs forever: 
and direct that the said tract called Burlington be leased or 
rented out till the death of my mother, and the money arising 



112 JOHN MAJOR OF CHARLES CITY 

from said lease or rent to be the benefit of my said son 
Edward G., to him and his heirs forever. 

Item, It is my will and desire that as soon after decease 
as practicable my executors carry into effect the Trust deed 
executed to Henry Finch by John M. Gregory to secure the 
paym't of a sum of money due me from the said Gregory; 
and the money arising from the sale of said land I direct 
may be placed at interest for the benefit of all my daughters; 
and should the profits of the other part of my estate not be 
sufficient for the support of my wife and children and the 
education of my children, I direct the interest of said money 
to be applied for that purpose. I also direct that the land 
I purchased from Richmond Finch in this county be sold at 
the discretion of my executors, and the money arising from 
said sale to be applied as directed in the case of the money 
due from John M. Gregory. 

Item, It is my will and desire that my negroes be not 
devided till my said son Edward G. arrives to the age of 
twenty-one years, at which time I direct a division may 
take place amongst all my children, to them and their heirs 
forever. 

Item, In case either of my daughters should die under age 
unmarried and without issue, I direct the whole of the estate 
hereby given them, to be equally divided between the 
survivors, to them and their heirs forever. 

Item, I direct my executors to pay to Miss Agnes Perry 
out of the money arising from the sales of my estate Two 
hundred dollars. 

Item, I give and bequeath to my wife Sarah her choice 
bedstead and cord, to her and her heirs forever. 

Lastly, I nominate, constitute and appoint Mr Fielding 
Lewis, Mr John Minge, sen'r, Jno Minge, Jr, Jno Tyler and 
Samuel M. Harwood executors of this my last will and 
testament. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand 
and affixed my seal, this 14th day of May one thousand, 
eight hundred and eighteen. 

EDWARD MAJOR (Seal) 



JOHN MAJOR OF CHARLES CITY 113 

Signed, sealed, published and declared by the said Edw'd 
Major as and for his last Will and testament. In the presence 
of (Signed) Ro. W. Christian, Wat H. Tyler, Wm G. Major. 

A Codicil to the foregoing Will — I give to my son Edw'd. 
G. Major my Gun and case, to him and his heirs forever. 

EDWARD MAJOR (Seal) 

Ro. W. Christian, Wat H. Tyler, Wm G. Major. (Wit- 
nesses.) 

At a Court held for Charles City County, at the Courthouse, 
the ISth day of June 1818 — The aforewritten last Will and. 
Testament of Edward Major, dec'd, and the codicil there- 
after written, was produced in Court, and proved by the- 
Oaths of all the witnesses to the same, and ordered to be 
recorded. And on the motion of John Tyler, one of the 
executors therein named, who made oath thereto according 
to law, and together with Wilham Tyler, William Douglass 
and Wyatt Walker, his securities, entered into and acknow- 
ledged a bond in the penalty of Twenty thousand dollars, 
conditioned as the law directs, certificate is granted the 
said Tyler for obtaining a probate of the said Will in due 
form: Liberty being reserved other executors named therein 
to join in the probate when they may think fit. Teste ^ 
Ro. W. Christian, CI. Cur. 

— Charles City County Records 

MARABLE OF JAMES CITY 

JOHN MAJOR of Charles City, as has been said, married 
Martha Marable, who died before her husband. 
Captain George Marable, the founder of this family 
in Virginia, patented a half-acre of land on Jamestown 
Island, by purchase from Ann Talbott, 25 February 1663. 
The tract — "beg'g at a comer stake, at high water mark,, 
near the mulberry, & formerly belong'g to Thomas Wood- 
house, by a patent dated Oct'r 17, 1655" — is furthermore 
described as adjoining a dwelling-house already owned by 
"George Marble", as he is here called. This was a brick 
house on the shore near the present ruins of the Ambler 



114 MARABLE OF JAMES CITY 

house, and seems to have remained the city residence of the 
Marables until 1G96, when the lot was sold by Major George 
Marable, son to the immigrant. 

Destruction of the James City county records makes it 
necessary to rely on the records of other counties for such 
stray items concerning Captain George Marable as have 
been preserved. These are, unfortunately, not numerous; 
but they are sufficient, all in all, to show him a person of 
position and some wealth. And in passing, it was by the 
narrowest margin he escaped being identified with one of 
Virginia's most famous relics of colonial days: for in June 
1679 George Marable was given the contract to build the 
original Bruton Parish Church, in Wilhamsburg. But a 
dispute arose, which ended in a law-suit between him and 
the vestry; and the contract was transferred, in 1681, to 
Captain Francis Page. 

Earlier, George Marable made William Edwards his at- 
torney in Surry by a deed dated 26 October 1675, and 
recorded 8 July 1676. York records show a suit by George 
Marable versus Charles Hansford, executor of John Rowan, 
for 260 pounds of tobacco, 27 January 1679-80; and Marable's 
power of attorney to Matthew Jacobs, to represent him in 
this action, was recorded 26 January 1679-80. George 
Marable was appointed, with three other gentleman, in 
York, 18 June 1681, to view the house and lands of Mr 
Robert Spring, which were to be valued and sold to dis- 
charge their owner's debts. The will of William Sherwood, 
dated 18 August 1687, proved in James City 7 February 
1687-8, mentions Captain George Marable, and appoints 
him overseer, with William Edwards and Mr John Wright. 
Transactions of the Council (in the Randolph Manuscript) 
record, under 6 May 1691, ''A Master of a Ship Summon'd 
up from Norfolk to give his Deposition concerning persons 
being carried out of the Country who was indebted to 
Geo Marable." In York is recorded a deed to John Doswell 
by George Marable and his wife, Mary Marable, dated 4 
November 1691, disposing of a tract in York "called the 
Ridge", comprising some fifty acres, and described as "last 



MARABLE OF JAMES CITY 115 

owned by Gozen Delony" by virtue of a patent dated 19 
October 1664; and previously owned by Edward Wright, by 
a patent dated 3 July 1652. This Gatien de Loney was 
living in York 1678, with his wife Mary. And furthermore, 
York records show that in 1686 and after George Marable 
was captain of the James City militia, and in 1694 and 
presumably in other years, a justice of the peace for that 
county, and in 1695 High Sheriff. He died, apparently, 

in the latter part of 1696, having married Mary , 

and leaving, with possibly other issue, a son who was like- 
wise named George Marable. 

Major George Marable was bom circa 1675, and had 
recently come of age at the time of his father's death. He 
sold, as already recorded, his half-acre of city property in 
Jamestown in 1696, and 26 October 1699 patented 135 acres 
in James City county, this tract being described as escheat 
from John Wright. There was evidently, in passing, some 
close connection at this time between the families of Wright 
and Marable. George Marable was a justice of the peace 
for James City in 1700 and after, at least as late as 1709, 
when he was associated with Philip Ludwell in taking the 
examination of slaves suspected of being concerned in an 
apprehended negro uprising. He was also captain of the 
James City militia before 1703, and major by 1709 and after: 
thus, the will of Wilham Broadribb of James City county, 
dated 3 May 1703, proved 7 June 1703, appoints "my three 
Loveing friends, Mr Wm Drumond, Capt'n George Marable 
& Mr Benj Eggleston, or either two of them, with my 
Loveing wife, trustees to sell & dispose of my land & Planta- 
con," and in 1709 his executors, "Major George Marable, 
Mr Benjamin Eggleston and Mrs Lydia Smith" (Broad- 
ribb's widow, remarried to Christopher Smith, clerk of 
Jamestown church) sold a portion of the lands to Wilham 
Brodnax. In the Virginia House of Burgesses George 
Marable represented James City county for the sessions of 
1700 (beginning 5 December 1700, and proroged to 30 May 
1702, then to 14 August 1702) and 1714, 1718 and 1720. 



116 MARABLE OF JAMES CITY 

The Journal of the House records, under 30 November 1714, 
"Mr George Marable, the member from James City county, 
questioned for abusing members. Excused on his declaring 
no ill intent." 

Major George Marable had married, apparently in the 
latter part of 1699, Mary, daughter of Captain William 
Hartwell of James City county. They had issue: 

I. George Marable of Charles City county, whose 
descendants for conveniency's sake are grouped hereafter. 

II. Henry Hartwell Marable of Sussex county, who 
apparently had no issue. His wife Mary died 23 December 
1770, and he on 17 September 1774. His will, dated 1764, 
was recorded in Surry in 1774, and mentions only his wife 
(who had predeceased him), his brothers George and Ben- 
jamin, and his nephews, Hartwell, son of George Marable, 
and Hartwell, son of Benjamin Marable. 

III. William Marable, who represented James City 
county in the Virginia House of Burgesses 1736-40. He 
was living at least as late as 1749, as in the April of that year 
he brought suit in York against John Taylor. He had, 
with probably other issue: John Marable, living in 1786; 
and Matthew Marable of Mecklenburg, also in his day a 
burgess, who died in 1786, leaving issue, Matthew Marable, 
Richard Marable, Champion Marable, John Marable, and 
one daughter, Elizabeth Marable, who married David 
Stokes. 

IV. Benjamin Marable, who, with his brother George, 
settled in Charles City county, and died there in 1773, 
leaving issue: Hartwell Marable. The estate of Benjamin 
Marable was appraised in Charles City 22 April 1773, by 
Bernard Major, Jr, John Major and James Bullivant, and 
their inventory recorded 2 June 1773. 

George Marable, the eldest son of Major George Marable, 
had settled in Charles City county prior to February 1739, 
when Benjamin Harris brought suit against him for, £6, 
lis, lOd. Thereafter the Charles City records show a number 
of unimportant mentions of George Marable, up to the 



MARABLE OF CHARLES CITY 117 

June court of 1773, when George Marable, James Bullivant 
and Francis Austin presented their inventory of the estate 
of Philemon Davidson, deceased, taken 22 May 1773. 
The will of George Marable ''of Westover parish" was drawn 
up on the momentous 4 July 1776, and recorded in Charles 
City 4 November 1778. It appoints as his executors his 
wife and his friends William Edloe and Henry Southall; 
and is witnessed by William Holdcroft, James Bullivant and 
Littlebury Perry. 

George Marable of Charles City had issue: 

I. George Marable, who married a daughter of William 
Griffeth, and died in Charles City 1795. His inventory was 
taken 17 October 1795, and valued at £145, 4s, 6d. He left 
issue a daughter, Elnora Catherine Griffeth Marable, who 
married George Bernard Major. 

II. Benjamin Marable, who died before 1828, leaving 
issue: Benjamin Marable; and Martha Marable, who 
died unmarried. Her vv^ill, dated 4 February 1828, was 
recorded in Charles City 18 October 1828. 

III. William Marable, who in 1772 married Susannah, 
daughter of Joseph Weaver of Charles City, but survived 
her and died without issue. His will, dated 24 July 1790, 
was recorded in Charles City 19 August 1790. 

IV. Hartwell Marable, who was living in Sussex, with a 
son Edward, in 1772. 

V. John Marable, who died without issue before 1776. 

VI. Edward Marable, who served as lieutenant in the 
Charles City mihtia in the Revolution. The Virginia 
Gazette, of 16 September 1775, records that "Mr Furnea 
Southall is Captain of one of the companies to be raised in 
Charles City; Mr Edward Marable, Lieutenant; and Mr 
John Bell, Ensign." Accounts of the Committee of Public 
Safety, under 16 May 1776, contain the item: "To amount 
paid Lieutenants Marable and Perry, for pay & provisions 

for Sandy point Guard of Militia £11, 7s, Us." 

The will of Lieutenant Edward Marable, dated 9 June 1805, 
was recorded in Charles City 19 December 1805. He left 
issue: George Marable; Edward Marable, who married 



118 MARABLE OF CHARLES CITY 

Elizabeth Major; Major Marable; Benjamin Marable; and 
Martha Marable. 

VII. Abraham Marable, living in 1776. He appears to 
have left no descendants, or at all events none in Charles 
City county. 

VIII. Amy Marable, who before 1776 married George 
Drinkard. 

IX. Agnes Marable, who, also before 1776, married 

ColHer. 

X. Martha Marable, who, as previously recorded, 
married John Major of Charles City county. 

NOTE ON PIERSEY, STEPHENS AND HARTWELL 
OF JAMES CITY 

AS HAS BEEN said, page 116, Major George Marable 
of James City married, apparently in 1699, Mary, 
daughter of Captain William Hartwell. She was a 
descendant of at least two of the most prominent of Vir- 
ginia's original settlers. Captain Abraham Piersey and 
Captain Richard Stephens, concerning whom an account 
is appended. 

Abraham Piersey, was born in England circa 1585, and 
married circa 1608 Elizabeth, daughter of Vincent Draper 
of London, by whom he had issue two daughters, born in 
1609 and 1613. It appears probable that his wife died 
before 1616, in which year Piersey came to Virginia in the 
Susan. His commercial transactions seem to have been 
extensive, and proved so successful that contemporary 
records state him to have amassed ''the best estate that 
was ever yet known in Virginia." He was by 1618, and as 
late as 1622, Cape-Merchant or Treasurer of the Colony; 
and was, on 15 November 1619, presented with 200 acres 
of land by the London Company. He was a member of 
the House of Burgesses in 1622, and in 1624 was named a 
member of the Council, which dignity he retained until his 
death. 



PIERSEY OF JAMES CITY 119 

Piersey's land-holdings, in all, were enormous. Thus, on 
5 October 1624, he purchased from Sir George Yeardley the 
largest two plantations on James river, Flowerdieu Hundred 
(1,000 acres) and Weyanoke (2,200 acres), and by 1626 had 
acquired in addition 1,150 acres "uppon Apmatucke." 

These two well known plantations, as once owned by 
Abraham Piersey, would seem to merit a word of description. 
In 1618 Sir George Yeardley obtained a grant of 1,000 acres 
on the west side of a creek opposite Weyanoke, and called 
both creek and plantation "Flower dew Hundred". In 
1619 the plantation was represented in the first General 
Assembly by Yeardlej^'s nephew Edward Rossingham and 
by John Jefferson, the ancestor of Thomas Jefferson. In 
1624, when Piersey purchased this land, which included 
Windmill Point, there stood thereon twelve dwellings, three 
storehouses, four tobacco houses, and one windmill. Wind- 
mill Point, known in earlier records as Tobacco Point, 
received its present name from this windmill, the first in the 
United States, and established before 1621, by Sir George 
Yeardley. The Indians called the place Vv'eyanoke Point. 

Weyanoke, on the opposite side of the river, was termed 
by the Indians "Tanks ¥/eyanoke", that is, "Little Wey- 
anoke", to distinguish it from the territory from Appomattox 
river down to Powell's creek on the south side of James 
river, which was "Great Weyanoke." In 1617 Opechan- 
canough presented to Yeardley a large tract of land at "Tanks 
Weyanoke", and in 1619 the London Company confirmed 
the gift. In this deed of confirmation the tract is described 
as containing "twenty- two hundred acres, all that piece of 
marsh ground called Weyanoke, and also one other piece and 
parcell of land, adjoining to the said marsh, called by the 
natives Kenwan; one parcell thereof abutteth upon a creek 
called Mapsock, to the east, and the other parcell thereof 
toward a creek, there called Queen's creek, on the west; 
and extendeth in breadth to landward from the head of said 
creek called Mapsock up to the head of said creek called 
Queen's Creek (which creek, called Queen's Creek, is oppo- 
site to the point which is now called Tobacco Point), and 



120 PIERSEY 0¥ JAMES CITY 

abutteth south upon the river, and north to the landward." 
Piersey kept mounted ten pieces of ordnance to defend 
these plantations from any possible invasion by way of 
James river. The colonists were always expecting some such 
molestation from the Dutch. 

Abraham Piersey, as has been said, was Cape Merchant 
of the Colony, and as such, returning to England, came 
back to Virginia in charge of the goods brought over on the 
Susan, the first magazine ship. These goods were exchanged 
by him, as factor for the English owners, for sassafras and 
tobacco, the only commodities then produced in the Colony 
which could be sold in England profitably. Piersey again 
returned to England in the Susan, and made his third 
■"•oyage to Virginia the following year, in the George, the 
second magazine ship sent over. The vessel was delayed 
no less than five months in the outward voyage, by un- 
favorable weather, so that most of the cargo arrived in bad 
condition. Landing, Piersey was presently embroiled in 
trouble with Governor Argoll, the two having been given 
equal authoritj^ in the matter of disposing of the goods: but 
that is here irrelevant. Piersey seems to have made no more 
voyages thereafter, save one trip to Newfoundland to ex- 
change tobacco for fish; and, for the rest, devoted his talents 
to cultivating tobacco on his vast land-holdings, as well as 
to conducting a store at Jamestown. 

As has been said, Abraham Piersey was a widower, prob- 
ably by the time he fi^rst went to Virginia. His daughters, 
Elizabeth and Mary, cam-e to to the Colony in the South- 
ampton, in 1623, being then about thirteen and nine years 
old respectively. Piersey remarried in 1625, his second wife 
being Frances, daughter to Sir Thomas Hinton, and widow 
of Nathaniel West, Lord Delaware's brother. 

His mother-in-law died in the same year. The will of 
Elizabeth Draper of London, Widow, dated 17 August 1625, 
proved 3 September 1625, (P. P. C: Clarke, 93), bequeaths: 
"To my grandchildren EHzabeth and Mary Piersey, daught- 
ers of my sonne-in-law Abraham Piersey, merchaunte, 
resident in Virginia, £100 apiece when 18 or married." — 



PIERSEY OF JAMES CITY 121 

^'To my daughter Elizabeth Piersey one dyamond Ringe." — 
"To Mary Piersey one Dyamond Ringe set after the Duch 
fashion." It is apparent the testator had a son Vincent 
Draper, with issue Dorcas, and a daughter Sarah, married 
to Thurston Symons — the "vile and lewd courses" of this 
son-in-law being feelingly deprecated. To Abraham Piersey, 
on the contrary, is left "a ring of value of 30s." 

Abraham Piersey himself died in the October of 1628. 
His will, dated 1 March 1626-7, proved 10 May 1633, 
(P. P. C. : Russell, 41) is given in full in Neill's Virginia 
Carolorum. The testator directs that his body "be buried 
in the garden plot where my new frame doth stand." He 
appends a schedule of his just debts in full, as well as of the 
persons imported by him into Virginia since March 1620, 
with directions that the land due thereby be patented. He 
appoints his wife executrix: and names as overseers of his 
estates in Virginia and assistants to his wife, his well- 
beloved friends Mr Grevil Pooly, Minister, and Mr Richard 
Kingsmill of James City Island, Gentleman; and for business 
in England, his well-beloved friend Mr Delionell Russell of 
London, Merchant. He directs that all his estate, of every 
kind, be disposed of "to the prontt it can be sould for." 
Legacies are bequeathed to Pooly, Kingsmill and Russell, as 
well as to Piersey' s brother and sister, John Piersey and 
Judith Smithson of London, and to Piersey' s stepson, 
Nathaniel West: and the distribution of his remaining 
property is sufficiently curious to be quoted in full. 

FURTHER, I bequeath unto my dearlie beloved v/ife 
(being my sole executrix), m^y debts and legacies paid, 
one-third part and one-twelfth part out of my estate 
aforesaid: the other one-third part, one-sixth part and one- 
twelfth part of my estate remayninge, I bequeath it to 
Ehzabeth Piersey and Mary Piersey, my daughters, equally 
to be devised betwixt them, within one year and a halfe 
after my decease to be consigned to Mr. Russell, merchant, 
as aforesaid, or else my executrix to make the same some 
good, as aforesaid, in the best tobacco, out of her owne 



122 PIERSEY OF JAMES CITY 

estate: and that my two daughters aforesaid shall have 
sufficient diett, lodgeinge, washinge and apparell unto theire 
portcons aforesaide be paid over unto Mr Russell and they 
shipped carefully for England, and to Mr Russell, the charges 
to goe out of their porcons: and if either of my foresaid 
daughters doth marry without the consent of their Mother- 
in-lawe and the consent of Mr Delionell Russell, (both had 
together, if it be possible to be had then), for such account 
the other sister shall enjoy halfe the porcon soe not offending, 
for better pref erement : but and if they both shall soe offend 
in that kinde, then my will is that they shall have but halfe 
of the porcons before resited, and the other to goe to my 
brother John Piersey: if any of my daughters should die 
before they attayne to be married, my will is that the one 
should be heire to the other. My will is that my children 
shall remayne in the custody of my deare friend Mr Russell 
till they be married, and that theire porcons to be put forth 
to good men for their maytenaunce." 

There was endless trouble over the estate later. Mean- 
while a copy of the will was sent to England by the Council, 
in 1633. 

Piersey's second wife survived him, and in 1629 married 
Captain Samuel Matthews, afterward Governor of Virginia 
from 1658 until his death in 1660. By her marriage with 
Piersey Frances Hinton had no children. 

Abraham Piersey and Elizabeth Draper had issue: 

I. Elizabeth Piersey, born 1609, who married, first, 
Captain Richard Stephens, and, second. Sir John Harvey. 

II. Mary Piersey, bom 1613, who married, first, Captain 
Thomas Hill, and, second, Thomas Bushrod. 

The elder daughter of Abraham Piersey, as has been said, 
married Captain Richard Stephens, who was bornin England 
circa 1600. He came to Virginia in the George, accompanied 
by two servants, in the same year that Ehzabeth Piersey joined 
her father there — 1623 — and promptly signalized his arrival 
by taking part in the first duel fought in the English Colonies. 



STEPHENS OF JAMES CITY 123 

His opponent was George Harrison, whom Stephens wounded 
so severely, in the knee, that Harrison died within a fort- 
night, though it was contended death did not result from 
the wound. 

Captain Richard Stephens also received the first land-grant 
preserved on record at the Virginia Land Patent Office. 
It was made in 1623, and comprised sixty roods at James- 
town, adjoining a dwelling-house already owned by him; 
the land being donated "that others may be encouraged by 
his example to enclose some ground for gardens." Pie was a 
burgess for the session beginning 5 March 1623-4; and in a 
letter dated 29 May 1630, the newly arrived Governor, Sir 
John Harvey, includes "Captaine Rich'd Stephens" among 
"the underwritten, whom I have sworne to be of the Counsell 
since my cominge." 

Stephens had meanwhile married Elizabeth Piersey, a 
great heiress as the times went, apparently by 1629 at 
latest. He had patented 500 acres on Water's Creek in 
Warwick county, by right of ten persons transported into 
Virginia by his father-in-law, Piersey, who died as has been 
said, in 1628; but Stephens seems never to have seated this 
land, and 22 November 1631, he exchanged it with Richard 
James (who was acting as attorney for Captain William 
Claibourne in the transaction) for another tract of 500 
acres in Warwick county, described as lying "toward the 
head of Blunt Point river, abutting southerly on the land of 
John Bainham, and running 250 poles toward the head of 
said river." He hkewise patented, 27 April 1630, some 2,000 
acres in Elizabeth City county, "being a neck of land, 
bounded on the east by the main bay of Chesapeian, on 
south by Harris' creek, and north by Back river, adjoining 
the land in the tenure of Walter Plodgskins." 

Stephens, as has been said, was made a member of the 
Council by Sir John Harvey, who became Governor of 
Virginia in 1630. The latter, for divers reasons here irrele- 
vant, was before long cordially detested by the colonists; 
with Captain Stephens in particular he had a personal 
altercation, wherein the Governor beat the Councillor with a 



124 STEPHENS OF JAMES CITY 

cudgel and knocked out several of Stephens' teeth. The 
two men could hardly have been on very cordial terms 
thereafter, but Stephens remained a member of the Council. 
The general discontent reached its height in April 1635, 
when the Governor came to fisticuffs with his Council at 
large; who forthwith deposed him as Governor, irrespective 
of their legal inability to do so, and shipped him to England 
in the custody of Francis Pott and Thomas Harwood. 

Captain Richard Stephens had perhaps no part in this. 
At all events, he died about this time, apparently, in the 
summer of 1636; the last meeting of the Council which he is 
positively known to have attended was held in September 
1632. Shortly before his death, he had paid for the importa- 
tion of forty persons into the Colony, but did not live long 
enough to make application for the 2,000 acres due him 
thereby, so that this land was subsequently patented in the 
name of his elder son. Captain Richard Stephens' two 
land-patents, previously described, were reaffirmed in the 
name of this boy, Samuel Stephens, on 20 September 1636, 
conditionally that Captain Stephens' widow retain a third 
interest in the land; but, on 23 September 1637, the tract in 
Warwick county was confirmed to her alone, by right of 
descent from her father, Abraham Piersey. 

Meanwhile Captain Stephens' former patron, Sir John 
Harvey, had told his side of the story to King Charles II, 
and in consequence had been sent back to govern the Vir- 
ginians whether they would or no. He resumed office in the 
January of 1637. Captain Stephens' widow, besides being 
an heiress in her own right, was still in her twenties, and one 
of Harvey's most characteristic acts after his return was 
circa 1638 to marry her. There is existent evidence that this 
second marriage of Elizabeth Piersey led to no little family 
dissension. Harvey, it should be premised, remained 
Governor until November 1639. While Captain Samuel 
Matthews, who had married Piersey's widow, was in England 
in 1638-9, Matthew's estate in Virginia was seized by order 
of the Virginia authorities, under pretence that Matthews 
was largely indebted to Piersey's children. Matthews 



STEPHENS OF JAMES CITY 125 

appealed to the Privy Council, and after an investigation, 
obtained judgment in his favor, the Council directing that 
all his estate of every kind be returned to him. Now Harvey, 
as has been said, was at this time Governor of Virginia and 
the husband of Piersey's daughter; and, though his claim 
nowhere appears, it has been charitably suggested that the 
whole proceeding was a job of his, and another evidence of 
his infinite capacity for rascality. 

Then, too, a marginal note to Samuel Stephens' patent of 
the land in Warwick, 20 September 1636, states that this 
grant was confirmed and 750 acres added thereto, 24 Novem- 
ber 1644, by Richard Kemp (acting Governor for a year 
during Sir William Berkeley's absence in Europe) : but 
there is no such grant recorded in 1644 or afterward: and, 
as has been seen, this land had meanwhile been granted, 23 
September 1637 — by Harvey — to Elizabeth Stephens 
unconditionally. The whole affair is rather incomprehensi- 
ble. But Kemp was always hand in glove with Harvey, 
and almost the one person in Virginia not likely to act 
against Harvey's interests. Elizabeth Harvey quite cer- 
tainly retained the land in Warwick, and willed it to her 
younger son; that much is certain. And that there was in 
the upshot no bad blood between Kemp and the Harveys 
seems to be shown by the fact that in the General Court, 
20 January 1644-5, Dame Elizabeth Harvey petitioned to 
have, of all persons, Richard Kemp and Captain Wilham 
Pierce substituted in place of Captain Samuel Matthews, 
Captain Daniel Gookin, George Ludlow and Captain 
Thomas Bernard, "former trustees under a feofment by her 
for use of Saml. Stephens." Thus, in one way or another, 
Harvey and Kemp in 1645 controlled all the Stephens 
estate, which of course included about a third of Piersey's 
fortune. 

Captain Richard Stephens and Elizabeth Piersey had 
issue: 

I. Captain Samuel Stephens, born circa 1629, in whose 
name, as previously recorded, was patented, 20 September 
1636, some 500 acres in Warwick, and 2,000 in Elizabeth 



126 STEPHENS OF JAMES CITY 

City county; and to whom, 20 July 1639, a third grant was 
made, of 2,000 acres "in the upper part of New Norfolk, 
in Nansamund, on both sides of a Creeke called dumpling 
Island Creeke, bounding easterly into the woods into a 
great Arrowwood," due for the previously mentioned im- 
portation of forty persons by his father. Samuel Stephens 
in 1652 married Frances Culpeper, and in 1667 was com- 
missioned Governor of Albemarle — that is. North Carolina — 
which office he retained until his death in 1670. In the 
General Court, 20 April 1670, was presented the petition of 
Mrs Frances Stephens, widow of Captain Samuel Stephens, 
for lands and personal estate at Baldrux, in Warwick county, 
where John Hill, her husband's cousin, then lived. Samuel 
Stephens' will was recorded the following day. Captain 
Samuel Stephens had left no children; and his widow in the 
ensuing June married Sir William Berkeley, then Governor 
of Virginia. She survived her second husband likewise, and 
married, third. Colonel Philip Ludwell. 
II. William Stephens. 

William Stephens, the younger son, was born circa 1631. 
He inherited from his mother land in Warwick county, 
certainly 470 of, and probably all, the 500 acres previously in 
dispute between Elizabeth Harvey and her elder son, 
Samuel. On reaching manhood, William Stephens entered 
what was possibly the m^ost profitable trade followed in 
Virginia, by becoming a cooper. To the tobacco planter — 
and the Colony was mainly important as a tobacco planta- 
tion — no other article manufactured was as indispensable 
as the hogsheads in which the cured tobacco was stored and 
exported. It was the cooper's business to make these 
hogsheads; and in view of the huge demand therefor, it is 
not surprising that coopers rapidly accumulated a deal of 
money, and that recorded wills show many of them to have 
left large estates. WilHam Stephens, however, did not hve 
long enough to prosper unreasonably, as he died before 
reaching twenty-seven; his will was drawn up 6 April 1656, 
and, living in November 1656, he was dead by April 1657. 



STEPHENS OF JAMES CITY 127 

Shortly before his death Wilham Stephens had made 
apphcation for a land-patent, for 570 additional acres in 
Warwick, which was eventually granted, 1 May 1657, to 
his only son, another William Stephens — ''as son & heire to 
William Stephens, Cooper, deceased." This tract, although 
in Warwick, does not seem to have adjoined the lands 
previously owned by the elder Wilham Stephens, which 
latter, as has been said, faced on Blunt Point river, now 
Warwick river. The land patented in 1657 is described as 
being in three tracts: two of these tracts being due by 
purchase from John Walker, assignee of William Bullock; 
of these one "begining on the north side of Black Swamp, 
and so between York path and the pond till one hundred 
Acres be measured", and the other, consisting of 150 acres, 
"lying upon the pond against Captain Brown's land." 
The remaining 320 acres, first patented 18 November 1656, 
were "on the north side of Black Swamp, bordering land 
formerly Mr Bullocks, the bounds running southerly 125 
poles, west of Humphrey Gibbs' land, to the Bushy ponds, 
by York path, and touching Colonel Ludlow's line." 

William Stephens had married circa 1650 Margaret 
Vaulx, by whom he had two children; and shortly after his 
death his widow married Daniel Wild of York county. 
Thus, at an Orphans Court held in York, 10 September 
1658, "Uppon ye motine of Daniel Wyld, Guardyan of 
William Stephens, sonne & heyre of William Stephens, late 
of Worwicke County, Dece'd, (whose Relict the said Wild 
marryed), that he may be accomptable to ye said orphan 
when hee comes of age for the Cattle, horses & mares (ac- 
cording to his Accompt to ye Court this Day on Oath), 
according to numbers & ages — Itt is soe ordered accordingly, 
he putting in good security to p'forme ye same. But that 
att ye said orphan's age hee deliver him the negroes with 
their whole Increase, male & female, belonging to him; 
for which he is also to be put in security." Philip Chesley, 
Wild's brother-in-law, gave the required security, of 30,000 
pounds of tobacco. But the following year, at an Orphans 
Court held 10 September 1659, Thomas Ballard of James 



128 STEPHENS OF JAMES CITY 

City, one of the executors of William Stephens' will, pro- 
duced that document in court, to be entered among the 
York records, "to show the cattle & negroes were given to 
said heyre", and Wild was ordered to render his accounts to 
the court yearly. 

Now by this will Stephens had bequeathed to his son 
Stephens' inherited portion of the land patented by his 
mother in Warwick county in 1637; but the younger Wilham 
Stephens died a minor in 1668, the land thus passing out- 
right to his mother, now the wife of Daniel Wild : and mean- 
while, the widow of the elder Wilham Stephens had borne 
Daniel Wild a daughter, to whom Margaret Wild at her 
death, on 12 February 1675-6, in turn left this land. The 
daughter, another Margaret ¥/ild, married Captain John 
Martin, the master of a ship in the Virginia trade, and 
died in England circa 1680, leaving one child, Margaret 
Martin. Martin inherited after his wife, and remarried;, 
but the will of "John Martin of Stepney, County Middlesex, 
Marriner" (P. P. C: Hare, 128), dated 20 October 1684, 
and proved 23 October 1684, bequeathed to his daughter by 
his first marriage the estate in Virginia, upon her reaching 
eighteen or marrying. This daughter, as yet unmarried — 
described as "Margaret Martin, spinster, of Cheshunt 
Parish, Herts, England" — in 1703 sold this much-disputed 
plot of ground, also fully described in her deed of sale, which 
thus passed finally from the possession of anyone even 
remotely connected with Abraham Piersey. 

William Stephens of Warwick and Margaret Vaulx had 
issue : 

I. Mary Stephens, born circa 1650. 

II. William Stephens, bom circa 1652, to whom, as. 
already recorded Daniel Wild was appointed guardian in 
1658. This William Stephens died a minor, 6 February 1668. 

Mary Stephens, the daughter, married, first, Gerard, or 
as the name was more frequently written Jarrett, Haw- 
thorne of York county, being possibly his second wife. 
Hawthorne, at all events, was by many years her senior^ 



STEPHENS OF JAMES CITY 129 

since he came to Virginia in 1647, as an indentured servant 
to her uncle Thomas Vaulx, under an agreement whereby 
Hawthorne agreed to serve for three years as carpenter and 
joiner, on condition that all necessary tools and expenses be 
furnished him for one year after the conclusion of his service, 
and fifty acres of land be then given him outright. The 
will of Jarrett Hawthorne of Marston Parish, in York 
county, dated 30 January 1670-1, and recorded 25 February 
1671-2, shows that he and Mary Stephens had issue, certain- 
ly, Anne, Jerome and Elizabeth Hawthorne, and, possibly ,^ 
Robert and Mary Hawthorne, although the last-named two 
children were perhaps Jarrett Hawthorne's offspring by an 
earlier marriage. Hawthorne's inventory was recorded 2 
April 1675, by which time his daughter Elizabeth was dead. 
The widow of Jarrett Hawthorne had meanwhile married 
and buried Richard Barnes of York, by whom she had no 
issue, and was now on the point of marrying, as her third 
husband. Captain William Hartwell of James City county. 
An acknowledgment from Mary, wife of Richard Barnes, 
deceased, of property in her possession belonging to her 
children, Mary, Anne, Robert and Jerome Hawthorne when 
they shall come of age, and mentioning her dead daughter 
Elizabeth Hawthorne, dated 20 April 1675, was recorded in 
York 26 April 1675. On the latter date also, ''Mr William 
Hartwell, as intermarrying with the Relict of Mr Richard 
Barnes, dece'd, late Guardyan to Wm Graves, orphan, 
promising to produce to the next Court for the said Graves 
his Estate, is ord'ed to continue his possession of the same 
until that time, & then Captain Thomas Whalley, former 
security, is discharged." 

Hawthorne's children, it should be explained, had already 
their respective guardians, named by their father's will,, 
in Mrs Ann Hurd, Mr James Bray, Mrs Margaret Wild,. 
Mr Humphrey Vaulx and Mr James Vaulx. William 
Graves was one of the pathetic orphans "inherited by 
marriage", such as were common enough in those days of 
short lives and brief bereavements. Prior to 1656 Ralph 
Graves, Senior, of York county, had married Rachel Cros- 



130 HARTWELL OF JAMES CITY 

haw, by whom he had issue, Anne, Ralph, Wilham and Mary 
Graves. Ralph Graves, Senior, died in 1667, and his widow 
married Richard Barnes, who was duly named guardian to 
William Graves. The boy's mother died in 1669, and his 
stepfather Richard Barnes married, second, as previously 
recorded, the widow of Jarrett Hawthorne. After the death 
of Richard Barnes his widow married, as likewise has been 
recorded. Captain William Hartwell; so that Hartwell 
naturally succeeded to the guardianship; and William Graves 
was duly entrusted to the keeping of the third husband of 
the second wife of his mother's second husband. 

Captain William Hartwell, the third husband of Mary 
Stephens, was in his day a person of considerable note. 
He was seemingly a sen to the John Hartwell who patented 
650 acres in Charles River county, 18 February 1638, was 
one of the viewers of tobacco for York county in 1639, and 
was living in York in 1644 and after. This John Hartwell 
appears to have left issue: 

I. Henry Hartwell, best known nowadays as the co-author, 
with Blair and Chilton, of that once famous production The 
Present State of Virginia. He patented 736 acres in James 
City, 30 May 1679, and afterward by purchase and other 
patents acquired in Virginia a considerable estate. His 
material fortunes, in passing, were decidedly aided by his 
marriage circa 1683 with Jane White, the widow of Colonel 
William White, and a sister of Nicholas Meriwether. It 
is a pity the scheme of this book does not accord with giving 
a detailed account of Henry Hartwell's life and personality, 
for no Virginian of the day offers a more tempting target to 
the biographer. Henry Hartwell represented Jamestown in 
the Virginia House of Burgesses for the session beginning 
16 April 1684, and was for years a member and clerk of the 
Council. He died without issue, in England, in 1699. The 
will of Henry Hartwell, late of Virginia, Esquire, now of 
the parish of Stepney, dated 3 and 4 July 1699, was proved 2 
August 1699 in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury (Pett, 



HARTWELL OF JAMES CITY 131 

134) : a copy will be found in Volume 43 of the New England 
Historical and Genealogical Register. 
II. William Hart well. 

Captain William Hartwell of James City county, was 
born circa 1645, and in April 1675, as already recorded, 
married Mary Stephens, then the widow of Richard Barnes, 
and previously the widow of Jarrett Hawthorne. It was 
during the following year that William Hartwell rose to 
notoriety as the captain of Governor Berkeley's body-guard 
during Bacon's Rebellion, and played in particular a con- 
spicuous part at the siege of Jamestown, where "Hartwell 
was wounded in the Legg", as Bacon himself recorded, with 
evident satisfaction. 

This injury, however, was no disabling matter if one 
judges by the energetic measures and oppressive conduct 
in quieting this brief civil war subsequently attributed to 
Captain Hartwell in the several ''grievances" sent to the 
English Commissioners deputed to investigate the causes of 
disturbance. Exaggeration apart, it seems unquestionable 
that, the fighting over, Hartwell was guilty of more or less 
high-handed if petty blackmail. It is recorded he said, 
light-heartedly, that when others were plundering he must 
plunder too; but that it was by order of his Colonel, — 
Thomas Ballard of James City. 

Thus James Barrow and John Johnson of James City 
recite that Hartwell imprisoned them, and received a bribe 
of 10,000 shingles to let them go. Andrew Goldeon of 
James City asserts that Hartwell imprisoned him ten days, 
until Goldeon passed an obligation for five months work. 
Thomas Lushington tells how Hartwell took papers from him 
and even stripped the clothes from his back. And Nicholas 
Toope of York, Tanner, according to his deposition, was 
imprisoned by Hartwell for five weeks, and forced to pur- 
chase his liberty with twenty pairs of shoes. 

Such are a few among the many charges lodged against 
Captain Hartwell by those he disciplined; but it does not 
appear the Commissioners found Hartwell's conduct to have 
been in reality especially outrageous. At all events, as has 



132 HARTWELL OF JAMES CITY 

been said, the Commissioners were soon at loggerheads with 
Virginians at large, and it was toward Berkeley's adherents 
— the Ballards, Ludwells, Beverley s, Hills and Hartwells — 
that Virginians looked to support colonial rights: so that 
Hartwell retained his rank as captain of the James City 
militia in 1680 and after, and as justice of the peace for that 
county from 1680 until at least as late as 1687. 

He was dead in 1699, having survived his first wife, and 

having married shortly before his death Elizabeth , 

by whom he had no children. This second wife outlived 
Hartwell, and married, second, before 1713, Benjamin 
Eggleston. It would be interesting to know if this was the 
same Benjamin Eggleston who in 1673, in James City, was 
by Hartwell' s order fined and whipped for vilifying Governor 
Berkeley. 

By his first marriage, with Mary Stephens, Captain 
William Hartwell had issue: 

I. William Hartwell, who married and had issue: Mary 
Hartwell, who married William Macon, as recorded on 
page 52, and left numerous descendants. 

II. Henry Hartwell, who died without issue. It was to 
this son that Henry Hartwell, of the Council, left the 
greater portion of his estates in Surry. 

III. John Hartwell, whose will, dated 9 February 1713, 
was recorded in Surry 19 May 1714. He had married 
Elizabeth Rogers, (who survived him, and married, second, 
Stith Boiling of Surry), and had issue: Elizabeth Hartwell, 
who married Richard Cocke, and left many descendants. 

IV. Mary Hartwell, born circa 1682, who in 1699, or 
very shortly afterward, married Major George Marable of 
James City county. 

It will be noticed that these three distinguished families 
of Piersey, Stephens and Hartwell thus became extinct in 
the male line: and all representatives of the last-named two 
families trace their descent through Macon, Cocke or 
Marable. It is possible the Hawthorne intermarriage also 
is represented by living progeny, but of this there seems 
to have survived no proof. 




Descendants of John Major 

)OHN MAJOR of Charles City, as previ- 
ously recorded, had two sons: Edward 
Major of "Burlington", in Charles City; 
and George Bernard Major. 
Edward Major of "Burlington", the elder 
son, born circa 1780, died in 1818, mar- 
ried Sarah Glarster, daughter of Glar- 
ster Hunnicutt of Sussex. The will of Edward Major 
has been given previously, on page 111. Exigencies of space 
prevent a recording of the Hunnicutt genealogy; but the 
wife of Edward Major was a descendant of Augustine 
Hunnicutt, who was living in Surry as early as 1653, and 
whose will, dated 30 May 1682, was recorded in that county 
16 April 1683. Edward Major of "Burlington" and Sarah 
Glarster Hunnicutt had issue : 

I. Martha Ann Catherine Major, born 18 October 
1805, who died unmarried in 1867. 

II. Edward Glarster Major, bom 13 December 1807, 
died in 1849, who married Eliza Ann Eppes, and had issue. 

III. Rebecca Priscilla Major, bom 20 September 1814, 
died in 1881, who married George Christian Waddill, and 
had issue. 

EDWARD GLARSTER MAJOR, the second child of 
Edward Major of "Burlington", born 13 December 
1807, died in 1849, married Eliza Ann Eppes, and 
had issue : 

I. Anna Martha Major, born 17 October 1840, died 9 
January 1908, who married Littlebury A. Marston, and had 
issue : 

(1) Edward Marston, who married Ehzabeth Parkin- 



134 DESCENDANTS OF JOHN MAJOR 

son, and has issue: Edward Marston; Hannah Marston; and 
Randolph Marston. 

(2) George Marston, who married MolHe Parkinson, 
and has issue: Park Marston; Buxton Marston; and Joseph 
Marston. 

(3) Leonard Marston, who married Belle Lynne, and 
has issue: Dorothy Marston. 

(4) Allen Marston, unmarried. 

(5) Robert Lee Marston, unmarried. 

(6) Waverley Marston, who died unmarried. 

(7) Irene Marston, who married Stoddard. 

(8) Rebecca Marston. 

(9) Sarah Marston. 
(10) Martha Marston. 

II. Sarah Glarster Major, born 15 March 1845, who 
married, first, Benjamin Nance, and had issue: 

(1) Major Nance, who married Margaret Bagby, and 
has issue: Margaret Nance; Grace Nance; and Benjamin 
Nance. 

(2) Electra Nance, who married Allen P. Walker, and 
has issue: Frances Walker. 

(3) Susan Nance, who married her first cousin George 
Major, and has issue: Benjamin Major. 

(4) Gertrude Nance, who married her first cousin 
William Major, and has issue: Elizabeth Major; Wilham 
Major; and Charles Major. 

Sarah Glarster Major married, second, Edward Nance, 
brother of her first husband, and had issue : 

(l) Charles Edwin Nance, who married Alice Letitia 
Stagg. 

III. Edward Major, born 14 February 1847, who married 
Julia Nance, and had issue: 

(1) Glarster Major, who died unmarried. 

(2) Virgil Major, who likewise died without issue. 

(3) Bernard Major, who married Lillie Roberts, and 
has issue: Josephine Major; and Gladys Major. 



DESCENDANTS OF JOHN MAJOR 135 

(4) George Major, who married his first cousin Susan 
Nance, and has issue: Benjamin Major. 

(5) Edward Major, who married Jane Warren Walker, 
(compare page 149), and has issue: JuUa Ann Major. 

(6) Julian Major, unmarried. 

(7) Walter Major, unmarried. 

(8) William Major, who married his first cousin Gertrude 
Nance, and has issue: Elizabeth Major; William Major; 
and Charles Major. 

(9) Susan Major, who married Gordon Christian, and 
has issue: Julia Christian; Thomas Cunningham Christian; 
Gordon Christian; and Grace Christian. 

REBECCA PRISCILLA MAJOR, the third child of 
Edward Major of "Burlington", (compare page 133), 
as has been said, was bom 20 September 1814, and 
died in 1881. She married George Christian Waddill, 8 
December 1835, and had issue: 

/. Richard Edward Waddill, horn 18 October 1836, died 
7 July 1897, who married Margaret Gregory, and had issue: 

(1) Gregory Waddill, who married Annie Wilson, and 
had issue: Margaret Wilson Waddill. 

(2) Richard Waddill, who married Kate Antes, and 
had issue: Richard Waddill; and John Marius Waddill. 

(3) Christie Waddill, who married Hugh Jenkins, but 
had no issue. 

77. George Major Waddill, born 3 May 1838, died 14 
March 1885, who married Margaret E. Cabell, and had issue: 

(1) George Cabell Waddill, who died without issue. 

(2) Elizabeth Avery Waddill, who married Edmund 
Thomas Waddill; for their issue, compare page 148. 

(3) Isabella Goggin Waddill, who married Samuel E. 
Atkinson, and had issue: Robert Thomhill Atkinson: and 
Isabelle Atkinson. 

(4) Sarah Syme Waddill, who married Wilham P. 
Lawton, and had issue: Ellen Courthope Lawton; and 
George Cabell Lawton, who married Mary Ruth Wells. 



136 DESCENDANTS OF JOHN MAJOR 

(5) Thompson Burroughs Waddill, who married Bennett 
Echols, and has issue: Heland Waddill; Burroughs Waddill; 
Page Waddill; and Robert Waddill. 

(6) Emma Cabell Waddill, who married Joseph Floyd 
Huxter, and had issue: Joseph Floyd Huxter; Mary Huxter; 
Ludwell Huxter; George Major Huxter; Margaret Huxter; 
and Pierce Huxter. 

(7) Margaret Heath Waddill, who m-arried John Westly 
Young, but has no issue. 

(8) Martha Redwood Waddill. 

III. Sarah Jorden Waddill, horn 31 March 1840, died 
24 February 1908, who married Captain Frank Guy, and 
had issue : 

(1) Benjamin Harrison Guy, who married Caroline 
Moore, and had issue: Leonard Harrison Guy, who died 
without issue; Walter Guy; and Harrison Guy. 

(2) Martha Guy, who married Allen Sutherland, and 
had issue: Guy Sutherland; Allen Sutherland; Hugh Suther- 
land; Grace Sutherland; Mary Sutherland; Leonard Suther- 
land; and Eva Sutherland. 

(3) Frank Guy, who married Palmer, and has 

issue. 

(4) Edward Guy, who married Blanche Terry, and had 
issue: Sarah Guy, who died unmarried; and a son, who 
likewise died without issue. 

IV. Littlehury Allen Waddill, horn 29 April 1842, died 
15 January 1912, who married Mary Louise Apperson, 
and had issue : 

(1) Rebecca Waddill, who died unmarried. 

(2) Allen A. Waddill, who married Gladys Tuttle, and 
has issue: Allen Waddill. 

(3) Amanda Waddill, who married Wilham M. Wagner, 
and had issue: Mary Wagner. 

(4) Henry C. Waddill, unmarried. 

(5) Lily Waddill, who married Frank W. Lewis, and 
had issue: Ehzabeth Lewis. 



DESCENDANTS OF JOHN MAJOR 137 

(6) Minnie Waddill, who married Frank W. McKinney, 
but had no issue. 

(7) Littleton Waddill, who died unmarried. 

(8) Martha Waddill, who likewise died unmarried. 

V. Thompson Fletcher Waddill, horn 6 April 1844, who 
died unmarried 18 November 1862. 

VI. Martha Ann Catherine Waddill, horn 28 January 
1846, who married John Redwood Waddill; for their issue, 
compare page 149. 

VII. Henry Sherman Waddill, horn 3 November 1849, 
who married Sarah Atkinson, and had issue: 

(1) Conway Waddill, who married Ashton C. Gray, and 
had issue: Sarah Gray, who died in infancy; and Conway 
Gray. 

(2) George Waddill, unmarried. 

VIII. Mary Susan Waddill, horn 25 September 1852, 
who married William Joseph Bradley, and had issue: 

(1) Edgar Bradley, who died unmarried. 

(2) George Allen Bradley, who married Mary Harris, 
and has issue: George Bradley; Eva Bradley; and William 
Bradley. 

(3) Priscilla Bradley, who married, first, Emmett A. 
Shepherd, and had issue: Isabelle Mary Shepherd; Priscilla 
Macon Shepherd; Grace Guerrant Shepherd; Virginia 
Waddill Shepherd; and Emmett Albin Shepherd. Priscilla 
Bradley married, second, James Branch Cabell, and has 
issue: Ballard Plartwell Cabell. 

(4) Grace Christian Bradley, who married Edgar B. 
Walters, but has no issue. 

(5) Richard Coleman Bradley, who married and has 
issue: Richard Coleman Bradley. 

IX. William Lamb Waddill, horn 1 February 1855, died 
1901, who married Lena Bowers, but had no issue. 




138 DESCENDANTS OF JOHN MAJOR 

EORGE BERNARD MAJOR, the younger son of 
John Major of Charles City (compare page 106), 
was bom 1 March 1804, and died 11 February 1872 
— "at the age of 67 years, 11 months and 11 days", as it is 
recorded. He married, in 1828, Elnora Catherine Griffeth, 
daughter of George Marable of Charles City (as is stated 
on page 117), whose ancestry has previously been given. 
George Bernard Major and Elnora Catherine Griffeth 
Marable had issue: 

I. Amanda M. Major, born 13 June 1829, died 18 July 
1907, who married William H. Manley, but had no issue. 

II. Georgiana C. Major, who in 1855 married Captain 
Robert R. Ferguson, and had issue: Ernest S. Ferguson. 

III. James Major, born 30 November 1842, died in 
December 1842. 

IV. John E. S. Major, of whose descendants an account 
follows . 

JOHN E. S. MAJOR, the fourth child of George Bernard 
Major, was born 30 November 1842, and died 25 
February 1907. He married his first cousin Maria L. 
Marable, (for whose ancestry, compare page 105), and had 
issue : 

I. Edward Hartwell Major, horn 15 February 1867, who 
married Ode Martin, and has issue: 

(l) Eugene Hartwell Major. 

II. George Bernard Major, horn 26 Septemher 1869, 
unmarried. 

III. Reginald Stanley Major, horn 13 June 1873, who 
married Etta Grove Ladd, and has issue: 

(1) John Reginald Major. 

IV. Elnora Beatres Major, horn 8 May 1875, died 28 
Octoher 1880. 



DESCENDANTS OF JOHN MAJOR 139 

V. William B. Major, horn 30 October 1876, died 18 
July 1877. 

VI. John Major, horn March 1881, died 8 November 
1882. 

VII. Malcolm Griffeth Major, horn 25 July 1882, who 
married Nina Carr, and has issue : 

(1) Louise N. Major. 

(2) Dorice Major. 

NOTE ON WADDILL OF NEW KENT AND CHARLES 

CITY 

IT IS proposed herewith to give some brief account, 
necessarily imperfect, of the Waddill family, members 
of which so frequently intermarried with the Majors 
and their descendants. 

The surviving records of St Peter's parish show that 
John Waddill was living in New Kent county as early as 
1689. He died 20 December 1709, having married Agnes 
, (who died 8 February 1716), and left issue: 

I. William Waddill, an account of whom is more con- 
veniently deferred. 

II. John Waddill, who married Mary , and had 

issue: John Waddill, bom 27 October 1697, who removed 
from New Kent to Amelia, patenting 188 acres in the latter 
county, 20 August 1747; Frances Waddill, bom 8 February 
1696; Thomas Waddill, baptized 27 July 1701, who seems 
to have settled in Augusta; James Waddill, baptized 25 
June 1710, died 3 September 1720; and Mary Waddill, 
baptized 27 September 1713. 

III. Charles Waddill, who died 9 April 1720, having 
had issue: Anne Waddill, baptized 22 September 1700; 
Sarah Waddill, baptized 5 April 1702; Charles Waddill, 
baptized 14 May 1704, died 3 April 1720; Joseph Waddill, 

baptized 16 Febmary 1706-7, who married Judith , 

(and had issue, Charles, horn 9 May 1737, and Turner Thomas 
and Judith, twins, born 1 March 1755); Frances Waddill, 



140 WADDILL OF NEW KENT 

baptized 18 April 1712; and Elizabeth Waddill, bom 31 
March 1715. 

IV. James Waddill, died 28 December 1721, who 

married Rebecca , (she dying 3 March 1721-2), and 

had issue: George Waddill, baptized 20 July 1707, who 

married Susanna , (and had issue, Anne, horn 25 

February 1735, James, horn 12 September 1737, George, horn 
8 February 1738-9, and Noel, horn 29 September 1753); 
John Waddill, baptized 1 July 1711, died 13 July 1720; and 
Charles Waddill, bom 18 July 1720, patented 400 acres 

in Lunenburg, 15 July 1760, who married Mary , 

(and had issue, Benjamin, horn 13 August 1756, Martha, 
horn 2 October 1758, and William Dennis, born 9 June 1771). 

James Waddill, the son of George, married Mary , 

and had issue, George, bom 2 December 1758. 

William Waddill, the oldest son, was elected vestryman 
of St. Peter's, 1 June 1704, and served for no less a period 
than thirty-five years, being churchwarden from 9 March 
1708-9 to 22 April 1711: for some account of the former 
responsibilities of these offices, compare page 50. There is 
a wealth of scattered material concerning William Waddill 
to be found in the vestry-books and registers of St. Peter's 
parish: but these items need not be herein cited, inasmuch 
as the records of St. Peter's have been printed and are 
readily accessible in book form. WilHam Waddill patented 
thirteen acres in New Kent county, 18 February 1722 — 
"between the lines of Arnold and Hughes", and furthermore 
described as adjoining land already owned by the patentee. 
He was dead by 6 October 1739, according to the vestry 
books, his successor as vestryman being elected on that 

date. William Waddill had married Susanna , who 

died 7 March 1720-1, and had issue: 

I. Anne Waddill, bom 9 June 1691. 

II. Elizabeth Waddill, bom 24 February 1692-3, who 
married John Saunders, on 7 August 1709. 

HI. William Waddill, an account of whom is post- 
poned. 



WADDILL OF NEW KENT 141 

IV. John Waddill, bom 24 August 1697, who married 
Mary , and had issue: John Waddill, born 20 Novem- 
ber 1722, who married Hannah , (and had Noel, 

horn 6 August 1754); Agnes Waddill, bom 1 February 
1724-5; Dennis Waddill, born 11 May 1727; Mary Waddill, 
bom 27 November 1729; EHzabeth Waddill, bom 22 Janu- 
ary 1734; and Martha Waddill, born April 1736. 

V. Hannah Waddill, born 16 August 1699. 

VI. Pridgen Waddill, born 4 July 1704, hving in 
Charles City county 1737 and after, as is shown by various 
suits wherein he figured, beginning with that year. He 

married, before 1737, Martha , but left no descendants 

in Charles City. 

VII. Frances Waddill, bom 2 May 1706. 

VIII. Noel Waddill, bom 1 June 1709, living in St. 
Peter's parish in 1757, seemingly unmarried. He patented 
thirty acres in New Kent county, 13 June 1755. 

IX. Jacob Waddill, baptized 7 November 1711, Hving 
in Charles City county March 1745, at which date he took 
out a license to keep an ordinary there; renewing this 
license in April 1747 and February 1748. He left no descend- 
ants in Charles City. 

William Waddill, the third child and oldest son, was 
baptized 28 April 1694, and spent the earlier years of his 
life in New Kent. He served as churchwarden of St. Peter's 
from 10 May 1721 to 30 July 1722. He would seem to have 
removed to Charles City county about the time of his 
father's death, patenting 413 acres there, 12 March 1739-40. 
His brother Pridgen, as has been said, was already living 
in Charles City: and their brother Jacob joined them within 
five years. The legend of the Waddills' descent from "three 
brothers who came from the south to Charles City, in the 
eighteenth century" has always been preserved in the 
family; and there can be no doubt these were the three 
brothers of tradition. The idea that they came from the 
south, is an easily explainable error, hereinafter accounted 




142 WADDILL OF CHARLES CITY 

for. It is here necessary merely to point out that of these 
brothers Wilham alone left issue in Charles City. 

Exigencies of space prevent the citation of other Waddill 
documents, but William Waddill' s land-patent, fixing as 
it does the establishment of the family in Charles City, 
cannot well be omitted, despite its rather inordinate length. 

EORGE the second, by the Grace of God of Great 
Britain, France and Ireland King, Defender of 
the Faith, &c, To all to whom these Presents 
shall come Greeting: Know ye that for divers good 
Causes and Considerations, but more Especially for and in 
Consideration of the Sum of Twenty Shillings of good and 
lawful Money for our Use paid to our Receiver General 
of our Revenue in this our Colony and Dominion of Vir- 
ginia, We have Given, Granted and Confirmed, and by 
these Presents for us, our Heirs and Successors do Give, 
Grant and Confirm, unto William Waddill one cer- 
tain Tract or Parcel of Land containing Four hundred 
and thirteen Acres, lying and being in the Parish of Westover 
in the County of Charles City, and bounded as followeth: 
to wit. Beginning at a corner white Oak upon Chicka- 
hominy Swamp belonging to John Cocke, Thence along 
the said Cocke's Line South twenty-eight Degrees West 
three hundred and thirty-four poles to a corner Shrub Oak 
of Edward Dayes', Thence along the said Dayes' line 
East twenty and an half Degrees South two hundred and 
seventy-six Poles to a corner Gum upon Stoney branch in 
Colonel Carter's line. Thence along the said Carter's line 
North twenty-seven Degrees East one hundred and ninety- 
six Poles to a corner Cypress tree upon Chickahominy Swamp, 
& Thence up the said Swamp as it Meanders to the begin- 
ning: Two hundred and fifty Acres part of the said Tract 
being part of a larger Tract Formerly Granted unto Thomas 
Spencer, Thomas Brookes and William Hickman, Which 
by divers Mesne Conveyances is become Vested in the 
said William Waddill, and one hundred and sixty-three 
Acres, the Residue, being surplus Land found within the 



WADDILL OF CHARLES CITY 143 

bounds aforesaid: With all Woods, Underwoods, Swamps, 
Marshes, Lowgrounds, Meadows, Feedings, and his due 
Share of all Veins, Mines and Quarries, as well discovered 
as not discovered, within the bounds aforesaid and being 
part of the said Quantity of four hundred and thirteen 
Acres of Land, and the Rivers, Waters and Water Courses 
therein contained, together with the Privileges of Hunting, 
Hawking, Fishing, Fowling and all other Profits, Commodi- 
ties and Hereditaments whatsoever to the same or any part 
thereof belonging or in any wise Appertaining: To have, 
HOLD, Possess and Enjoy the said Tract or Parcel of 
Land and all other the before Granted Premises and every 
part thereof, with all their and every of their Appurts, 
unto the said Willl^m Waddill and to his Heirs and 
Assigns forever. To the only Use and behoof of him 
the said William Waddill, his Heirs and Assigns for- 
ever; To BE HELD of US, our Heirs and Successors as of 
our Mannor of East Greenwich in the County of Kent, 
in free and common Soccage, and not in Capite or by 
Knight's Service, Yielding and paying unto us, our Heirs 
and Successors for every fifty Acres of Land, and so pro- 
portionably for a lesser or greater Quantity than fifty 
Acres, the Fee Rent of one Shilling Yearly, to be paid upon 
the Feast of Saint Michael the Arch Angel: And also Culti- 
vating and Improving three Acres part of every fifty of 
the Tract abovementioned within three years after the date 
of these Presents (Excepting for so much of the said Land 
as hath been Already Cultivated and Improved according 
to the Condition of the said former Patent) : Provided 
always that if three Years of the said Fee Rent shall at 
any time be in Arrear and Upward, or if the said William 
Waddill, his Heirs or Assigns do not within the Space 
of three Years next coming the date of these Presents 
Cultivate and Improve three Acres part of every fifty of 
the Tract abovementioned (Except as before is Excepted), 
Then the Estate hereby Granted shall Cease and be Utterly 
Determined, and thereafter it shall and may be lawful to 
and for us, our Heirs and Successors to Grant the same 



144 WADDILL OF CHARLES CITY 

Lands and Premises with the Appurts unto such other 
Person or Persons as we, our Heirs and Successors shall 
think fit. In Witness whereof we have Caused these our 
Letters Patent to be made. Witness our Trusty and Wel- 
beloved William Gooch, Esq, our Lieutenant Governor 
and Comander in Chief of our said Colony and Dominion, 
at Wilhamsburgh, Under the Seal of our said Colony, the 
Twelfth Day of March, one thousand, seven hundred and 
thirty-nine, In the Thirteenth Year of our Reign. 

WILLIAM GOOCH" 

William Waddill married Sarah , and previous 

to his settlement in Charles City had issue : 

I. Anne Waddill, baptized 24 January 1713. 

II. Sarah Waddill, bom 13 September 1718. 

III. William Waddill, bom 2 August 1720. An 
account of him and his descendants is given hereinafter: 
compare page 146. 

IV. Elizabeth Waddill, bom 4 January 1722-3. 

V. Richard Waddill, born 29 March 1727. An account 
of his descendants follows hereinafter. 

VI. Martha Waddill, born 28 February 1728-9. 

VII. Noel Waddill, bom 17 August 1730, who removed 
to Albemarle county, where he patented 400 acres, 23 
May 1763, and died before 1773, leaving issue: John Waddill; 
Abel Waddill; Pridgen Waddill; William Waddill; and a 
daughter, married to Richard Adams. 

VIII. Pridgen Waddill, born 173- (date torn), who 
seems to have died in infancy. 

IX. Shadrach Waddill, bom 6 September 1738, who 
likewise appears to have died in infancy. 

Richard Waddill, second son of the foregoing, bom 29 
March 1727, is more conveniently dealt with by affording 
him precedence to his older brother. Richard Waddill, 
on reaching manhood, settled in South Carolina, and spent 
the remainder of his life in that colony. His three sons^, 
after their father's death, just prior to or during the Revolu- 



WADDILL OF CHARLES CITY 145 

tion, returned to Virginia, making their home at first in 
New Kent, whence two of them at all events removed to 
Charles City. This affords, of course, a close parallel to 
the three Waddill brothers of a preceding generation; and 
confusion of the two events may have led, naturally enough, 
to the previously mentioned tradition of all the Charles 
City Waddills' descent from "three brothers who came from 
the south to Charles City, early in the eighteenth century." 
The parallel holds also in that in each case only one of the 
three brothers left descendants in Charles City. 
Richard Waddill had issue : 

I. Noel Waddill, who, according to a rather inexplicable 
legend, was an officer of the Dinwiddie militia during the 
Revolution. He afterward returned to South Carolina,, 
where he became a school-teacher; and where, it is said, he 
was yet later connected with the Willington School, founded 
in 1804 by Dr. Moses Waddell. This of course re-opens 
the vexed question as to whether the Waddills of Charles 
City and the Waddells of North Carolina are of the same 
stock; but as the progenitors of the latter immigrated as 
late as 1750, from Ireland, the relationship at best could be 
but shght. 

II. Nathaniel Waddill, who served as a dragoon in the 
Fourteenth Virginia during the Revolution. He afterward 
lived for a while in Charles City county, at least as late as 
1794, when he was tutor in the family of Gideon Christian. 
The manuscript Arithmetic he in that year prepared for 
the use of young Wilham Allen Christian (compare page 54) 
is still in existence. Nathaniel Waddill eventually settled 
in Nottoway. He was placed on the pension rolls in February 
1829, being allotted $100 amiually; and was living in 1835. 
He seems to have left no issue. 

III. Richard Waddill, bom in 1760, who with his 
brother Nathaniel went to Charles City circa 1790. He 
was the only one of the brothers to remain in that county 
permanently. The earliest preserved mention of him in 
the county records seems to have been made 18 January 
1798, when he presented his accounts as guardian of another 



146 WADDILL OF CHARLES CITY 

Richard Waddill, the son of his first cousin, Samuel Waddill ; 
but thereafter his name occurs with frequency. He married 
Sarah, daughter of Phihp Charles, as recorded on page 55, 
his wife being born in 1768, and dying 1 November 1833. 
Richard Waddill himself died 1 February 1836, leaving 
issue : 

(1) George Christian Waddill, born 5 September 1804, 
died 1 March 1889, who, as previously recorded, married 
Rebecca Priscilla Major: their issue has been given on 
page 135. 

(2) Susan Waddill, who married Littlebury Eppes, and 
had issue: Susan Carter Eppes, who died unmarried; and 
Sarah Eppes, who married James Haines, and had James 
Haines (who married Nellie Raihhurn), and Sarah Haines 
{who married George Guy, and has issue Nellie Lawton Guy). 

ILLIAM WADDILL, bom 2 August 1720, (com- 
pare page 144), was reared in Charles City, and was 
living in that county as late as 1757. His name 
is often found in the records, but in no entry of sufficient 
import to warrant its quotation. He married, before 1744, 

Ann — , (as is shown by a deed from them to Edward 

Miller given in the May of that year), and seems to have 
had only one son who reached maturity, — Samuel Waddill. 

Samuel Waddill, bom circa 1745, married, as has been 
said earlier, upon page 54, Lucy Christian; and was executor 
to his brother-in-law, Samuel Christian, in 1780. The 
name of Samuel Waddill does not occur very frequently in 
the surviving county records, but it is apparent that he 
died before 1785 : his funeral expenses were paid 10 October 
1785, according to the settlement of his estate, recorded 18 
June 1795. His wife married, second, Gideon Bradley: 
her "widow's third" was assigned her in 1796, but she had 
married Bradley some while before this, being possibly his 
second wife. The will of Gideon Bradley, dated 11 February 
1801, recorded 20 August 1801, shows that she died before 
1801. 




WADDILL OF CHARLES CITY 147 

Samuel Waddill and Lucy Christian had issue : 

I. Edmund Waddill, Senior — as he is preferably called 
for the sake of clearness, — ^who seemingly was bom circa 
1775. His will, dated 19 October 1833, recorded 29 Febru- 
ary 1834, names his "relation and friend, George C. Waddill" 
as guardian of his children. Edmund Waddill, Senior, 

married, first, Christian, who died in or before 1809, 

and by whom he had issue: Christian Waddill, bom circa 
1808, who seems to have left one or more daughters, of 
whom no record is available. Edmund Waddill, Senior, 
married, second, Mary Maynard, by whom he had issue: 
Samuel Waddill, who married, first, Sarah Irby Stagg, and, 
second, Henrietta Bradley Clay; Edmund Waddill, who 
married, first, Marj^ Louisa Redwood, and, second, Annie L. 
Wight; Richard Waddill, who married Isabella Jordon, 
and removed to Amherst county; William Waddill, who 
never married; Mary Waddill, who married James Allen 

Ladd; Elizabeth Waddill, v/ho married, first, Bowry, 

and, second, James H. Christian, but left no issue by either 
husband; and Lucy Waddill, who married Robert Maddox, 
but had no children. 

II. Richard Waddill, who, as has been said, was 
entrusted to the guardianship of his cousin, Richard Waddill. 
He was a minor in 1798, and of age in 1801, which fixes 
his birth-year as 1778 or 1779. Richard Waddill died before 
1819, as is shown by the accounts of his orphans' guardian, 
Edward Roper, as recorded 20 April 1825. He had issue: 
Rebecca Waddill; Lucy Waddill; and Wilham H. Waddill. 
This son William left Charles City, and made his home near 
Danville: his descendants (if, as is believed, he left issue), 
have not been traced. 

SAMUEL WADDILL, the second son of Edmund Wad- 
dill, Senior, died 16 June 1886. He married, first, 
on 9 March 1843, Sarah Irby Stagg, (who died 1 
July 1864), and had issue: 

I. Edmund Thomas Waddill, horn 19 September 1844, 



148 WADDILL OF CHARLES CITY 

and according to the laws of primogeniture the present head of 
the Waddill family, being the lineal male representative in the 
eighth generation of John Waddill, the immigrant. Edmund 
Thomas Waddill, as previously recorded on page 135, married 
Elizabeth Avery Waddill, on 19 January 1881, and had issue: 

(1) Samuel Cabell Waddill, bom 29 November 1882, 
who married Elizabeth Staples, on 11 November 1909, and 
has issue: Virginia Cabell Waddill; and Samuel Cary 
Waddill. 

(2) John Lamb Waddill, born 12 November 1884, who 
married Rhoda Brennan, on 9 August 1912, and has issue: 
Virginia Louise Waddill. 

(3) Elma Leigh Waddill, born 21 September 1887, who 
married Lewis B. Adams, on 18 November 1909, and has 
issue: Martha Elizabeth Adams; Elma Louise Adams; and 
Lewis B. Adams. 

(4) George Major Waddill, unmarried, bom 25 March 
1890. 

(5) Edmund Thomas Waddill, unmarried, bom 22 
December 1892. 

(6) Juhen Avery Waddill, born 26 June 1895. 

(7) Patrick Henry Waddill, born 17 March 1898. 

(8) Irby Stagg Waddill, bom 17 May 1901, who died 18 
August 1902. 

(9) Sarah AHce Waddill, bom 31 October 1902. 

II. Mary Alice Waddill, born 22 March 1849, died 28 
June 1875, who married George H. Ladd, on 23 July 1874, 
but had no issue. 

III. Sarah Waddill, born 21 October 1855, who married 
George T. Hubbard, on 15 July 1874, and has issue: 

(1) Mary Waddill Hubbard, who married Thomas N. 
Hubbard, on 7 October 1903, but has no issue. 

(2) Martha Ann Hubbard, bom 22 May 1878. 

(3) Ethel Bradley Hubbard, bom 27 November 1880, 
who married R. A. Ladd, on 23 June 1915. 



WADDILL OF CHARLES CITY 149 

IV. Samuel Waddill, horn 15 May 1851, who died in 
November 1852. 

V. William Waddill, horn 28 Fehruary 1854, died 7 June 
1910, who married, on 12 April 1893, Jane Warren Walker, 
(who survived him, and married, second, as recorded on page 
135, Edward Major), and had issue: 

(1) William Freeman Waddill, born 9 January 1894, 
who married Myrtha Apperson, on 9 August 1915. 

(2) Samuel Edmund Waddill, born 12 November 1896. 

(3) Louise Harwood Waddill, born 5 January 1899. 

(4) Graham Walker Waddill, born 19 August 1900. 

Samuel Waddill married, second, in 1865, Henrietta 
Bradley Clay, widow of Henry M. Clay, (and daughter of 
Colonel John Bradley), and had issue: 

/. Annie Virginia Waddill, unmarried, horn 23 April 
1871. 

EDMUND WADDILL, the third son of Edmund 
Waddill, Senior, was born 23 May 1814, and died 
10 September 1890. He married, first, Mary Louisa 
Redwood (who died 8 April 1860), and had issue: 

Z. Elizaheth Redwood Waddill, who died unmarried in 
1852. 

II. John Redwood Waddill, horn 25 June 1850, who, as 
previously recorded, page 137, married Martha Ann Catherine 
Waddill, on 21 July 1875, and had issue: 

(1) George Edmund Waddill, born 6 December 1877, 
who married Ella Ditman, on 21 November 1903, but has 
no issue. 

(2) Elizabeth Christian Waddill, born 23 November 
1884, who married Louis Christian, on 20 December 1905, 
and has issue: John Coleman Christian, born 6 October 1906; 
Catherine Waddill Christian, born 2 October 1908; Clara 



150 WADDILL OF CHARLES CITY 

Christian, bom 16 June 1910; Nannie Gordon Christian, 
bom 6 January 1912; Louis Coleman Christian, bom 12 
August 1913; and Ehzabeth Waddill Christian, bom 24 
April 1914. 

(3) Mary Rebecca Waddill, bom 10 October 1879, who 
died 23 May 1883. 

III. Samuel Pearman Waddill, horn 15 December 1852, 
who married Frances E. Henley, on 16 May 1882, and had 
issue : 

(1) Emily Wight Waddill, unmarried, bom 4 March 
1883. - 

(2) J. Temple Waddill, unmarried, born 17 February 
1884. 

(3) Samuel Pearman Waddill, unmarried, bom 23 May 
1885. 

(4) John Young Waddill, unmarried, bom 6 December 
1886. 

(5) Fanny Peachey Waddill, bom 4 September 1888, 
who died 4 May 1892. 

IV. Edmund Waddill, horn 22 May 1855, who married 
Alma Conway Mitchell, on 19 December 1878, and had issue: 

(1) Juliet Winder Waddill, bom 21 September 1879, 
who married Arthur M. Cannon, on 31 July 1902, and has 
issue: Alma Waddill Cannon, bom 16 July 1903; Margaret 
Blair Cannon, bom 8 June 1906; and Henry Gibbon Cannon, 
bom 23 March 1909. 

(2) Mary Lamb Waddill, bom 7 May 1881, who married 
Richard Fumival, on 2 December 1913. 

(3) Edmund Clivious Waddill, unmarried, bom 11 July 
1883. 

(4) Nancy Gariand Waddill, bom 19 June 1886, who 
married Menalcus Lankford, on 14 April 1909, but has no 
issue. 

(5) Mitchell Waddill, bom 27 September 1889, who 
married Gladys Cease, on 26 August 1910, but has no issue. 



WADDILL OF CHARLES CITY 151 

V. Lucy Tabitha Waddill, horn 5 May 1858, died 10 
January 1894, who married Reverend Louis B. Betty, and 
had issue: 

(1) A child, bom 19 August 1881, who died 20 August 
1881. 

(2) Catherine Irby Betty, born 29 September 1882, 
who married Henry Lee Ames, on 28 June 1911, and has 
issue: John Lewis Ames, born 15 July 1912. 

(3) Blanche Redwood Betty, born 14 June 1884, who 
died 5 January 1901. 

(4) Lewis Christian Betty, bom 7 August 1885, who 
died 8 August 1889. 

(5) Lelia Gilmer Betty, unmarried, born 27 August 1888. 

(6) George Marvin Betty, unmarried, born 12 Septem- 
ber 1889. 

(7) Edmund Christian Betty, born 15 September 1893, 
who died 30 June 1894. 

VL Mary Louisa Waddill, horn 28 March 1860, who 
married James Henry Christian, on 9 November 1881, and 
had issue: 

(1) Grace Sherman Christian, bom 13 October 1882, 
who married Henry E. Turner, on 28 March 1905, and has 
issue: Edmund Christian Turner, born 18 January 1906; 
Ann Harrison Turner; and Louisa Waddill Turner, bom 29 
March 1915. 

(2) Annie Louisa Christian, bom 10 January 1884, who 
married Wilham Walter Eames, on 21 June 1905, and has 
issue: WilHam Walter Eames, bom February 1911; and 
Elnora Christian Eames, born October 1909. 

(3) Isaac Hill Christian, born 1 May 1886, who married 
Emily Christian Huxter, on 7 January 1915. 

(4) Edmund Waddill Christian, bom 31 May 1887, who 
married Ellen Carter Gregory, on 9 April 1914. 

(5) Marshall Christian, bom 12 January 1889, who died 
8 July 1889. 

(6) Sherman Christian, bom 12 January 1889, who died 
18 May 1889. 



152 WADDILL OF CHARLES CITY 

(7) Sarah Vaughan Christian, bom 12 June 1890, who 
married Richard Edloe Mountcastle, on 14 November 1912, 
and has issue: R,ichard Edloe Mountcastle, born 12 January 
1914. 

(8) James Henry Christian, born 18 May 1892, who 
married Phoebe L. Potts, on 12 October 1915. 

(9) Mary Susan Christian, bom 2 August 1894, who 
died 2 September 1894. 

(10) Warren Christian, bom 2 September 1895. 

(11) John Redwood Christian, bom 13 August 1898. 

(12) Mary Kemp Christian, born 9 September 1900. 

VII. Nannie Waddill, horn 28 March 1860, who married 
James Walter Barnes, on 29 April 1890, and had issue: 

(1) Edmund Walter Barnes, bom 18 February 1891, who 
married Josephine Barthel, on 11 October 1911. 

Edmund Waddill, Senior, married, second, on 18 June 
1862, Annie L. Wight, (who died 14 February 1890), and had 
issue : 

I. William M. Waddill, horn 5 April 1863, who married 
Ellen Meeker Compton, hut has no issue. 

II. Margaret V. Waddill, unmarried, horn 16 June 1865. 

///. Charles C. Waddill, horn 27 February 1868, who 
married Margaret Franklin, on 30 Novemher 1898, and has 
issue : 

(1) Franklin Waddill, bom 8 August 1905. 

IV. Emily W. Waddill, horn 6 April 1871, who married 
Dr. Harry M. Bennett, on 8 October 1901, and has issue: 

(1) Mary Bennett, born 18 November 1904. 

V. Julia Leeds Waddill, unmarried, horn 5 July 1876. 

VI. Leonora Wight Waddill, horn 11 January 1879, who 
married Robert H. T alley, on 15 October 1903, and has issue: 



WADDILL OF CHARLES CITY 153 

(1) William Graves Talley, born 13 June 1907. 

(2) Robert H. Talley, bom 30 July 1910. 

THE PRECEDING enumeration, while of necessity 
incomplete, includes all the descendants of Edmund 
Waddill, Senior, down to the present day, as far as 
any list thereof appears procurable, — with the sole excep- 
tion of the descendants of his son Richard Waddill (com- 
pare page 147), Information as to these last was received 
too late for insertion here, and is in consequence deferred 
to page 185. 

Wilham Waddill, the youngest son of Edmund Waddill, 
Senior, (again compare page 147), as has been said, died 
unmarried, in June 1909. 

For the rest, it was believed that the oldest daughter, 
Mary Waddill, born 1817, who married James Allen Ladd, 
and died 20 February 1849 (according to the Waddill family 
Bible) had left descendants; but inquiry among latter-day 
representatives of the Ladd family has brought forth only a 
denial of ability to furnish any information on this point. 
Of the other daughters, Elizabeth Waddill, born 1826, who 
married, first, Bowry, and, second, James H. Chris- 
tian, died without any issue, 18 July 1886. Lucy Waddill, 
who in February 1848 married Robert Maddox, died June 
1850; and she too left no children. 




Appendix 

Patteson of New Kent and 
Chesterfield 

>HE PATTESON family, whose connection 
with the Majors through the Christian 
and Macon hnes has previously been 
explained (compare page 54), is by tra- 
dition of Scotch origin. It is said, more- 
over, that the first Patteson settling in 
America had formerly lived in Wales; 
that he made his home in New Kent county, where his 
plantation was known as "Roxbury", or "Roxboro", in 
honor of which the present town of that name, on the border 
line of Charles City and New Kent counties, was christened; 
and that his Christian name was Thomas. He seems to have 
had, with possibly other issue: Thomas Patteson, died 1725; 
Edward Patteson, died 1719; David Patteson, of whom 
hereafter; Alexander Patteson, died 1726; and George 
Patteson. All these were living in New Kent county in 1700 
and after, and left descenda,nts there. 

David Patteson, the progenitor of the Pattesons of 
Chesterfield, as has been said, was hving in New Kent in 
1700, and must have been bom circa 1680. His first land- 
grant, however, was taken out, in 1714, in Henrico county, 
in that part of Henrico from which Goochland was sub- 
sequently formed. A copy is appended: 

" A NNE etc, to all etc. Know ye, that for diverse good 
/-\ causes and Consideracons, but more especially for 
& in consideracon of the sum of two pounds of good 
& lawful money, for our use paid to our Receiver General of 
our Revenues in this our s'd Colony and Dominion of 
Virginia, We have given, granted and Confirmed, & by 



PATTESON OF NEW KENT 155 

these presents for us, our heirs & successors, do Give, Grant 
and Confirm, unto David Patteson one certain Tract 
or parcel of land, containing four hundred acres, lying and 
being on the north side of James River, in the County of 
Henrico, and bounded as followeth: to wit, beginning at a 
small Corner pine standing on the east side of licking hole 
Creek; thence crossing the s'd Creek west twenty-five 
degrees north two hundred and seventy poles to a small 
Comer elm standing by a small branch; thence south twenty- 
five degrees west two hundred and forty poles to a small 
corner white oak & black walnutt standing on the west 
side of a small branch; thence East twenty-five degrees 
south, crossing licking hole Creek, two hundred and fifty- 
four poles to a Comer butterwood white oak, hickory & 
black oak standing on Capt. John Boiling's line; thence 
north twenty-nine and a half degrees East two hundred and 
fifty-six poles to the place begun at: with all etc: To have, 
hold etc: To be held etc: Provided etc: in Witness etc: 
Witness our trusty & wellbeloved Alexander Spotswood, 
our Lieut. Govern, etc, at WilHamsburgh, under the seal of 
our s'd Colony, the sixteenth day of June, one thousand 
seven hundred & fourteen, in the thirteenth year of our 
Reign. 

A. SPOTSWOOD" 

David Patteson subsequently took out six other land 
patents in the same neighborhood. These were, severally: 
337 acres, on 2 June 1722, adjoining the land previously 
patented; 342 acres, on 8 September 1730, also on Licking 
Hole Creek, and at the date of this patent in Goochland 
county, which was formed in 1727; 350 acres in Goochland, 
1 June 1741, on Rock Fish River; 350 acres in Goochland, 
on Rock Fish River, 6 July 1741; 350 additional acres on 
Rock Fish River, on the same date, 6 July 1741; and 1600 
acres in Goochland, on Rock Fish River, 30 August 1743. 

This constituted a tidy estate in Goochland; but David 
Patteson continued, none the less, to make his home in 
New Kent. Owing to the loss of the county records, one 



156 PATTESON OF NEW KENT 

finds few mentions of him save in the registers and vestry 
books of St Peter's parish, where he served as vestryman 
for fourteen years: from 29 September 1729 — under which 
date is recorded "Mr David Patteson hath this day taken 
the Oath of a vestryman and subscribed to the test" — to 24 
September 1743 — "Ordered the presenting of Mr David 
Patteson's Resignation of the office of a Vestryman by 
the Rev'd David Mossom to the Vestry; & Mr Mossom 
informing the Vestry that when Mr Patteson Resign'd, 
he desired him to acquaint the Vestry that it was his Request 
Capt. William Massie might Succeed him, it is the unanimous 
vote of the Vestry that Capt. Massie be a Vestryman, & 
he is accordingly chosen." For some account as to the 
powers and responsibilities of vestrymen at this period, 
compare page 50. 

The parish registers of St Peter's also show that David 
Patteson had issue: 

I. Sarah Patteson, baptized 24 March 1700. 

II. Anne Patteson, baptized 2 November 1701. 

III. David Patteson, born 14 October 1705. 

IV. Thomas Patteson, born 13 December 1708. 

V. Charles Patteson, born 6 May 1711. 

VI. Jonathan Patteson, born 6 June 1713. 

VII. Frances Patteson, bom 19 December 1715. 

VIII. Obediah Patteson, bom 30 (sic) February 1717. 

IX. Gideon Patteson, born 7 July 1720. 

X. James Patteson, bom 10 February 1722-3. 
XL Anne Patteson, born 15 March 1724-5. 

Jonathan Patteson, the sixth child of the foregoing, 
bom 1713, also made his home in New Kent; and he like- 
wise was a vestryman of St Peter's. Thus, under date of 
20 November 1752, it was "Ordered that Mr Edmund 
Bacon, Capt. Jesse Scott and Mr Jonathan Patteson, be 
appointed Vestrymen in the Room of Colo. Joseph Forster 
& Mr Joseph Marston, Dec'd, and Maj'r Wilham Gray, 
who is Removed out of this Colony; And that the Clerk 
do give them Notice to attend at the Next Vestry to be held 



PATTESON OF NEW KENT 157 

for this Parish." Jonathan Patteson was later advanced to 
the dignity of churchwarden: thus, an entry, dated 29 
September 1755, reads: "Ordered that the Vestry, with the 
consent of the Minister, proceed to the Choice of Church 
Wardens in the Place of Colo. Wilham Macon and Mr 
William Hopkins, whose office Expires at this Vestry; And 
accordingly Mr Edmund Bacon and Mr Jonathan Patteson 
Chosen Church Wardens, and have Qualified themselves 
by taking the Oaths Requir'd by Law, before Colo. Daniel 
Parke Custis, in the presence of the Minister and Vestry." 

Although he made his home in New Kent, Jonathan 
Patteson owned lands in Charles City, so that his name 
is occasionally to be found in the surviving records of the 
latter county. Thus, he brought suit there, for £4, against 
Samuel Crutchfield at the March court 1756; against Jef- 
frey Murrell for £3, 17s, 6d, at the June court 1756; and 
against William Shields Vaughan for £8, 12s, at the Nov- 
ember court 1755. 

Somewhat later, by a deed dated 10 February 1768, he 
sold to Joel Christian, for £225, a tract of 225 acres in 
Charles City, on the Chickahominy river: the deed is wit- 
nessed by William Christian, David Osling, David Quigin 
and John Crew. He sold to James Quigin, by a deed dated 
7 June 1769, a tract of seventy-five acres in Charles City, 
at £5 an acre; and had, it develops, previously sold to 
Quigin an adjoining tract of ninety acres, by a deed dated 
5 November 1766. 

His wife's endorsement of these three deeds shows that 
she and her husband were in 1768, and after, living in 
Lunenburg, probably with their eldest son, Jonathan 
Patteson, who was in 1771 a justice of the peace for that 
county, and as such took his mother's acknowledgments 
of these deeds of sale. It is probable that the elder Jonathan 
Patteson spent the last eight years of his life for the most 
part in Lunenburg, where his will is recorded. 

Jonathan Patteson died in 1774. A copy of his will, 
recorded 12 May 1774 in Lunenburg, is appended: 



158 PATTESON OF NEW KENT 

'N THE NAME OF GOD, amen. I, Jonathan Patteson, 
of the County of New Kent and Parish of N. Peters- 
burg, being in perfect mind and memory, but knowing 
it is appointed for all man once to die, do institute and or- 
dain this to be my last will and testament : 

"First, I bequeath my soul to God, who gave it, and my 
body to be buried at the discretion of my executors; and 
after my just debts and funeral charges are paid, I give and 
dispose of my estate in manner and form as followeth: 

"1st, Item: I give and bequeath to my son, Richard 
Patteson, that part of my land which I shall mention, with 
the place called Merchoes: beginning at the Comer Oaks 

of my land, Wm Rangerfields', and Absolun 's; 

from thence to run across southerly, along a branch, to the 
place called the Meadow, till it comes opposite to May 
Patteson's plantation, so to join her line; and thence up the 
line to Joel Christian's; thence to Baliss Howel's, and so to 
the beginning; and one bed and furniture. 

"I give and bequeath to my son Jonathan five shillings. 

"Item: I give and bequeath to my son David two hundred 
pounds in my son Jonathan's hands; but if my son Jonathan 
had rather make David a right to the land and plantation 
where he now lives, containing four hundred acres, then my 
desire is that he shall discharge my son Jonathan from pay- 
ments of the money: also one negro man, George. 

"Item: I give and bequeath to my son, Charles Patteson, 
two hundred pounds in my son Jonathan's hands; but if in 
case my son Jonathan had rather make my son Charles a 
good right to my tracts of land lying in Lunenburg, conta'ing 

four hundred acres, each one lying to the of the 

Courthouse Road (one purchased of John Colvin, and 
another purchased of Anthony Street) , and the hundred 
acres of his own adjoining, then my desire is my son Jonathan 
may be discharged from the payment of the money. Also 
I give and bequeath to my son Charles one negro man, 
Robin, one bed and furniture, and a young horse. 

"I give and bequeath to my son Samuel all the remainder 
of the tract of land I now live on, after the death of his 



PATTESON OF NEW KENT 159 

mother, to him and his heirs forever; also one young horse, 
saddle and bridle; and one feather bed and furniture; and 
fifty pounds current money, with interest from this date. 

"Item: I give and bequeath to my daughter Frances five 
shillings. 

"Item: I give and bequeath to my daughter Martha 
Christian one negro woman named Beck and her two child- 
ren (Nan and Moses), and one feather bed and furniture. 

"Item: I give and bequeath to my daughter Sarah one 
negro boy named Peter and one negro girl named Rachel; 
one horse, saddle and bridle; and one feather bed and furni- 
ture: to her and her heirs. 

"Item: I give and bequeath to my daughter Ann one negro 
girl named Nann and negro girl Hanah; and one horse, saddle 
and bridle; one feather bed and furniture: to her and her 
heirs. 

"Also my wish and desire is that my loving wife Elizabeth 
may have free and peaceful possession of the land and 
plantation I now live on, with all the remainder of my estate 
not mentioned, during her life, to bargain, sell and rent out 
any part for the payments of debts; and if the selling of my 
estate should not hold out to discharge the debts by the half, 
my personal estate and negro man Jim may be sold. My 
desire is that an equal part of each child's legacy may be 
taken for that purpose. 

"Also I constitute and appoint my loving wife my exe- 
cutrix, with my two sons Jonathan and David executors, of 
this my last will and testament; and I revoke all other 
former wills made by me. As witness my hand and seal 
this nineteenth day of March, one thousand seven hundred 
and sixty-seven. 

JONATHAN PATTESON. Seal. 

"Signed and sealed in the presence of: (Signed) James 
New, David Squerin, his mark, Henry Christian." 

The bequest to his wife, it should be noted, shows not 
only that Jonathan Patteson died in debt, but suggests in 



160 PATTESON OF NEW KENT 

addition either a bewilderingly muddled estate or else a. 
lack of any talent for business affairs, by the testator's 
evident innocence of even an approximate idea as to how his. 
liabilities and assets balanced. 

Jonathan Patteson, as recorded on page 54, had married 
Elizabeth, the daughter of Richard Christian, and as his 
will shows, she survived him. They had issue: 

I. Frances Patteson, bom 19 October 1736. 

II. Richard Patteson, bom 28 January 1737-8, who died 
without issue. 

III. Jonathan Patteson, a justice of the peace for Lunen- 
burg, who represented Lunenburg in the Convention of 1788;. 
and died without issue. 

IV. Martha Patteson, who married Henry Christian of 
Amherst. They had issue: Henry Asbury Christian, who 
married, first, Lucy Wood Dunscombe, and, second, Susan 
Palmer; Jonathan Christian, who married Sarah Nowlin;. 
Samuel Patteson Christian, who married Nancy Patteson^ 
John Christian, who died without issue; Martha Christian,, 
who married Reuben Palmer; Mary Christian, who married 

Rucker; Susan Christian, who married William 

Duval; Elizabeth Christian, who married Philip Duval; and 
Frances Christian, who died unmarried. 

V. David Patteson, an account of whom is for the present 
postponed. 

VI. Charles Patteson, who represented Buckingham 
county in the Convention of 1788. He married Regina, 
daughter of Tschamer de Graff enreid, and had issue: Eliza- 
beth Patteson; Samuel Patteson; Richard Patteson; Lewis. 
Tschamer Patteson; Jonathan Patteson; and Allen de 
Graffenreid Patteson. All this branch of the family re- 
moved to Kentucky. 

VII. Samuel Patteson, who died without issue. 

VIII. Sarah Patteson, bom June 1754. 

IX. Anne Patteson, living in 1767. 

David Patteson, the fifth child of the foregoing, was 
bom circa 1745. He at some period prior to 1767 removed 



PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 161 

to Chesterfield county, where his uncle James Patteson had 
already settled, and for the rest of his life made his home 
there. 

David Patteson was an officer of the Chesterfield militia, 
and served against the British during the War of the Revo- 
lution. He was appointed, and took the oath as, first 
lieutenant in Captain Robert Goode's company, at the 
October Court 1777. He was made captain at the October 
Court 1778 — "John Fowler to be his first lieutenant, James 
Branch his second lieutenant, and Thomas Howlett his 
ensign." He took the oath as captain at the March Court 
1779, and held this office until the conclusion of the war. 

The Chesterfield militia does not appear to have seen any 
fighting during the earlier years of the Revolution. These 
troops, however, were ordered south in the June of 1780, 
and remained in South Carolina in actual service until the 
disastrous battle of Camden (16 August 1780), where, as has 
been narrated, on page 104, they were badly beaten. 

The Chesterfield militia was again called to the field 
in the February of 1781, to join General Greene's army in 
North Carolina, but was halted at Dinwiddle Courthouse, 
and did not reach Guilford in time for the battle fought there 
on 15 March 1781. Thereafter Captain Patteson's company, 
at all events, and probably all the Chesterfield troops, were 
put under Lafayette's command in Virginia, this transfer 
being made in April 1781. Captain's Patteson's company 
was in the retreat from Petersburg in the following May, 
took part in the skirmishing about Richmond during June 
and July, and in August followed Lafayette to Malvern Hill 
in pursuit of Comwallis: and remained as an active parti- 
cipant in the siege of Yorktown until the town's surrender 
in the October of 1781 . Just four years afterward, in passing, 
David Patteson was called upon, as a recognized authority 
in the matter, to testify before the Virginia House of Dele- 
gates concerning divers operations of the Virginia militia 
during this siege, as may be seen by comparing the Journal 
of the House for 17 November 1785. 

There seems to have been some sort of reorganization of 



162 PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 

the Chesterfield mihtia after the Revolution, so that at the 
July Court 1785 David Patteson again took the oath as cap- 
tain. He was yet again named as captain at the June Court 
1787, there then being evidently another readjustment of the 
Chesterfield militia, as all the Chesterfield ofl&cers are enum- 
erated in the county records, for every company; and David 
Patteson took the oath at the September Court 1787. He 
continued an officer of these troops for the remainder of his 
life; and in the October of 1793 was commissioned heutenant- 
colonel and made commandant, succeeding Archibald 
Walthall, who had resigned. 

David Patteson was a member of the Virginia House of 
Delegates for the years 1785-86-92-93-94; and with Stephen 
Pankey, Jr, represented Chesterfield in the Virginia Federal 
Convention of 1788, which met in Richmond in the June 
of that year, and ratified in the name and behalf of the people 
of Virginia, the present Federal Constitution. In passing, 
two of his brothers were members of the same convention: 
Jonathan Patteson represented Lunenburg county; and 
Charles Patteson, Buckingham: and David Patteson was 
one of the narrow majority of ten which decided that the 
State accept the Constitution, both of his brothers voting 
against it. 

David Patteson died in the April of 1821. His will, dated 
30 December 1819, but containing codicils added 2 April 
1821, was recorded at Chesterfield Courthouse 14 May 1821: 
and a list of baptisms by the Reverend William H. Hart, 
then rector of St. John's Church, shows that David Patteson 
was dead 4 May 1821, on which date several of his grand- 
children were baptized. A copy of this will, with the re- 
corded inventory of his personal estate, is appended. 

IN THE NAME OF GOD, Amen: I, David Patteson, 
of Chesterfield County, being of perfect sence and 
sound mind, but knowing the uncertainty of this life, 
and that it is appointed for all men to die, do make this 
writing, to be my last Will and Testament, in manner and 
form following : 



PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 163 

"My soul I give to God my Maker, hoping and trusting 
to receive remission and pardon of all my offences, and to 
inherit life everlasting; my body, to be decently buried at the 
discretion of my Executors, whom I shall hereafter appoint. 

"I give and bequeath to my beloved wife Ehza Ann and 
to her heirs and assigns forever, a negro Girl named Grace 
and her increase; also my riding Carriage and harness, 
together with a pair of Horses now used with it; also the 
Crop of Com, Fodder and Oats which may be on hand at the 
time of my Death. I also lend her during her natural life 
the use of six hundred acres of land and plantation whereon 
I now live (except about six acres on which my son Samuel 
hath built and resides, including his new enclosures, and 
so on to his spring) ; also the following slaves : Vizt, George, 
Sue, Orson, Rachel, Joe, Abbey, Yellow Aron, Dianah and 
her children, Harrey, Aaron, Elce, and Judey and her three 
children (Vizt, Randolph, Charles and Nancey); together 
with two mules or work Horses, Twenty head of Sheep, ten 
head of good Cattle, a pair of the best oxen, and the Stock 
of Hogs, the plantation utencils of every description what- 
soever, and all the Household and Kitchen furniture. 

*'I give and bequeath to my son Samuel (after the death 
of his mother) the six hundred acres of land before mentioned, 
being the whole of the tract I now own, to him and his heirs 
forever, condition expressly, that half an acre including the 
burial ground is reseryed for that purpose, to all my Family 
at all times forever. I also give him my library of Books. 
I also give to my said son all the interest which I now hold 
in lands in Kentucky, with my brother Charles, which has 
fallen to me as a Joint Heir of my Brothers Richard, John- 
athan (sic) and Samuel: to him and his heirs forever. 

"I give and bequeath to my Daughter Eliza S. Austin 
two hundred dollars, to her and her heirs forever. 

"I give and bequeath to my daughter Francis Gilliam 
the negro Girl named Pattey, expressly for the purpose of 
taking care of my poor little Grandaughter Eliza Ann: to 
her and her heirs forever. 

"I give and bequeath to my Grandaughter Betsy Ann 



164 PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 

Branch a Negro Girl named Hanah; and to my Grandson 
Estopher Branch two hundred dollars, which shall be paid 
to him when he comes of Age or is Married; but the interest 
is to be annually paid toward his schooling; but in case of his 
death before he comes of Age, then the said Legacy is to pass 
to his Sisters, to them and their heirs forever. 

"I give to my Grandaughter Martha M. Friend a negro 
girl named Lucy (daughter of Mary), to her and her heirs 
forever; but in case of her death before she comes of Age 
or is married, then the said Girl is to return to my estate. 

"I give and bequeath to my Grandaughter Lucy F. 
Branch one hundred dollars, w'ch is to be taken out of such 
portion of my estate which shall be allotted to her mother: 
to her and her heirs forever. 

"My Will and desire is that my three lots in the Town of 
Manchester be sold to the best advantage : out of which sale 
I do direct seventy-five dollars to be paid to each of my 
daughters Lucy Winfree and Francis Gilliam; the balance 
to be apphed to the payment of my Debts and Legacys; 
and further, that my two men Emanuel and John be hired 
out for two years, or longer if necessary, in aid as aforesaid 
provided, that they keep the Houses on my plantation in 
comfortable repair so long. 

"My Will and Desire is that all the residue of my estate 
not already disposed of, consisting of slaves or any description 
whatever, be equally divided between my son Samuel and my 
Daughters Mary Branch, Martha Patteson, Lucey Winfree 
and Francis Gilliam, to them and their heirs forever: but in 
making a division it is my wish that my old people be kept 
together as Husband and Wife; and that my estate be not 
appraised. 

"Lastily, I appoint my son Samuel, and My Friends Jas. 
W. Winfree and Richard Gilliam, ex'rs of this my last Will. 
In Witness whereof I have set my hand and seal December 
30th 1819. 

DAVID PATTESON (Seal) 

"April 12, 1820. In addition to the Executors heretofore 



PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 165 

named, I do hereby appoint my respected Grandson William 
A. Patteson with them. 

"Having determined to make sale of the woman Hanah, 
heretofore given to my Grandaughter Betsy Ann Branch, 
I now bequeath to her two hundred dollars in lieu thereof : 
Aug' St 22, 1820. 

"My will and desire is, I give to my grandaughter Martha 
M. Friend the sum of two hundred dollars, and not the negro 
Girl Lucy as before directed; conditioned as aforesaid: 
NovemW 15. 

"My Will and desire is that my Executors before named 
may not give security for their administration to this my Will. 

DAVID PATTESON Ap'l 2, 1821. 

"/w Chesterfield county court, May the l^th 1821: This last 
Will and Testament of David Patteson, dec'd, together with 
the memorandum thereon endorsed, was proven by the oath 
of A. S. Wooldridge and Allan McRae to be written wholly 
by the said Patteson; whereupon the same was ordered to be 
recorded to be recorded {sic) ; and on the motion of Samuel 
Patteson and Richard C. Gilliam, the executors therein 
named, who entered into bond without security (none being 
required) , and took the oath required, a certificate is granted 
them for having obtained probat thereof in due form. Teste, 
Parke Poindexter, C." 

Although no security was required, James W. Winfree 
gave bond for $50,000, as executor, 11 June 1821; as Samuel 
Patteson and Richard C. Gilham had done for S20,000, on 
14 May 1821. An inventory was recorded in October: 

A MEMORANDUM of the perishable property of 
which the late Colo: David Patteson died pos- 
sessed : — To Wit, Slaves : George, Sue,Peter, Molly, 
Joe, Abby, Aaron, Eke, Phoebe, Sam — ^being Old men and 
Women; Mary and her four children, Letty, Randolph, 
Charles and Nanny; Dianna and her two Children, Ehjah 



166 PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 

and Isaac; Elce and her child Peter; Blind Betty and her 
Child Milton; Grace and her two children, Mercy and Albert; 
Harry, Orson, Yellow Aaron, Ellick, Cornelius, and Jacob; 
Emanuel and John, Carpenters; Rachel, Wager, Patty and 
Fanny; 3 Horses and two Mules; 23 Head of Sheep, 3 Work 
Steers, 10 Head of Cattle and 3 Calves; 38 Head of Hogs, 
including all sizes. 

"A variety of Plantation Utensils, consisting of Ploughs, 
One Riding Carriage, One Waggon, One Ox, and one house 
cart. 

"About 5 Barrels Com, and from 1,000 to 1,500 lbs Fodder; 
One Tan Mill, 5 beds, Bedsteads and furniture; a variety 
of Table Cloths, Towels, &c; One Desk and Bookcase; Two 
Dining and one tea table; Two pine Tables, One Side Board, 
15 Chairs, One Chest of Drawers, Two Looking Glasses, One 
Set of Table China. A variety of Kitchen furniture, together 
with Butter pots, Jugs, &c; 14 Table and 11 Silver tea Spoons, 
and one Ladle; a few knives and forks. One man and one 
Ladies' Riding Saddle. 

"Chesterfield county, August 29th 1821: (Signed) Saml 
Patteson, R. C. Gilham. 

"In Chesterfield county court, October 8th 1821: This 
Inventory and appraisement of the personal estate of David 
Patteson, dec'd, was returned and ordered to be recorded. 
Teste, Parke Poindexter." 

David Patteson had married, in 1769, Eliza Ann . 



One family tradition gives her maiden name as Anderson; 
another, and seemingly the more likely, states that she was 
a Miss Browne of James City county. She survived her 
husband, dying in 1824, and her will also is on record in 
Chesterfield. A copy is appended: 

IN THE NAME OF GOD, Amen: I, Elizabeth Ann 
Patteson of the county of Chesterfield, being of sound 
mind and memory, but knowing the uncertainty of 
life and the certainty of death, do make, constitute and 
publish this my last will and testament, in manner following: 



PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 167 

"To wit, my soul I recommend to God, the bountiful giver 
thereof, and my body to be decently intered in a Christian 
like manner. 

"Item, I Give unto my beloved daughter EHzabeth S. 
Austin at my death my negro woman Grace and her daughter 
Mercy, them and their increase, to the said Elizabeth and 
her heirs forever. 

"Item, I Give unto my Grandson Richard H. Gilliam one 
small negro boy named Albert, to him and his heirs forever. 

"It is my will and desire that my executors hereinafter 
named, sell my carriage and horses, and divide the money 
equally between Sarah Ann Patteson, Sarah Patteson Branch 
and Susan Elizabeth Patteson. 

"It is my further will and desire that my grandaughter 
Elizabeth Ann Branch have a mourning suit, not to exceed 
in costs twenty dollars, and to be paid for by Elizabeth S. 
Austin; and also my little granddaughter Elizabeth M. 
Winfree to have a mourning ring, not to exceed in costs seven 
dollars, to be paid for by EHzabeth S. Austin. 

"I hereby give all the residue of my estate that I may die 
possessed of, after the payment of my just debts, to my 
daughter Elizabeth S. Austin. 

"I do hereby appoint my friends Richard C. Gilliam and 
James Johnson my executors, to carry into effect this my 
last will and testament. 

"In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and 
affixed my seal, the tenth day of February eighteen hundred 
and twenty- two. 

ELIZA ANN PATTESON (Seal) 

"Signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of us: 
(Signed) Elliott Chiles, Charles Latham. 

"My will and desire is that my Executors to this my will 
shall not be compelled to give security, and that my estate 
may not be appraised. 

ELIZABETH ANN PATTESON 

"Test: Sam' Patteson. 

"In Chesterfield county court, November 8th 1824: The last 



168 PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 

will and testament of Elizabeth Ann Patteson, dec'd, was 
presented in court and proven by the oath of Elliott Chiles 
and Charles Latham, witnesses thereto, and ordered to be 
recorded. On the motion of James M. Johnson, one of the 
Executors therein named, who entered into bond without 
security (none being required) , and took the oath prescribed 
by law, a certificate is granted him for obtaining probate 
thereof in due form. Teste P. Poindexter. 

Colonel David Patteson had issue: 

I. Mary Patteson, the oldest child, born 28 September 
1770, who in 1787 married Thomas Branch of "Willow Hill", 
in Chesterfield county, and died 20 August 1825, having had 
issue: Elizabeth Branch, who died in infancy; Mary Branch, 
who married William Lithgow; Benjamin Branch, who died 
in infancy; David Henry Branch, who married Mary Branch, 
his first cousin; Martha Branch, who married John R. Walke; 
Obedience Branch, who married Edward W. Anderson; 
Thomas Turpin Branch, who died in infancy; Thomas Branch 
who married, first Sarah Pride Read, and, second, Anne 
Adams Wheelwright; John Wilkinson Branch, who died in 
infancy; Lucy Frances Branch, who died unmarried; 
Jordan Branch, who married, first, Lucy Winfree 
(his first cousin), and, second, Caroline Davidson; Julius 
Caesar Branch, who married Maria Hinton; Sarah Branch, 
who died in infancy; and Sarah Patteson Branch, who died 
unmarried. For the descendants of this marriage, compare 
Branchiana. 

IT. David Patteson, who died without issue in 1806. The 
will of David Patteson, Junior, dated 1 June 1803, recorded 
in Chesterfield 13 January 1806, mentions his sister Frances 
Gilham, his brother Samuel Patteson, the testator's friend 
Reverend Needier Robinson, the testator's wife Elizabeth 
Patteson, and the testator's father David Patteson. 

III. Martha Patteson, who married James A. Patteson, 
and whose descendants will be spoken of hereafter. 

IV. Lucy Patteson, who married James Wiley Winfree, 
and had issue: Lucy Ann Winfree, who married Jordan 
Branch; David C. Winfree; and Martha EHzabeth Winfree. 



PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 169 

V. Samuel Patteson, who married Elizabeth Darracott. 
His will, dated 30 June 1830, recorded at Chesterfield Court- 
house 13 September 1830, mentions his son David Jordan 
Patteson and his daughter Susan Elizabeth Patteson, neither 
of whom left issue. 

VI. Frances Patteson, who married Richard C. Gilliam, 
and had issue: Richard H. Gilliam; Eliza Ann Gilliam; and 
Mary Gilliam, who married her first cousin David Nelson 
Patteson. 

VII. Sarah Patteson, who married Major Edward Branch, 
and had issue: David Benjamin Estopher Branch; Mary 
Branch, who married her first cousin David Henry Branch; 
and Ehzabeth Ann Branch. 

VIII. Nancy Patteson, who married William Friend, 
and had issue: Martha M. Friend, who married, first, J. M. 
Johnston, and, second, T. U. Dudley. 

IX. Eliza Patteson, who married Samuel Austin, but 
left no issue. 



COLONEL DAVID PATTESON thus left no des- 
cendants in the male line. The family name was, 
however, perpetuated among his descendants by the 
marriage of his daughter Martha with James A. Patteson, 
her first cousin once removed. 

He was the younger son of James Patteson, the son of 
David — compare page 156. This James Patteson, as has 
been said, was bom in New Kent county 10 February 1722-3. 
He eventually settled in Chesterfield county, where he 
resided until his death in 1767. As his will shows, he also 
owned lands in Amherst and Cumberland counties. 

The will of James Patteson, dated 23 February 1767, was 
recorded in Chesterfield in the May of the same year. It 
will be noted that David Patteson, Jr— afterward Colonel 
David Patteson — is a witness to the document, showing 
that he had by this settled in Chesterfield, and was in all 
probability living with his uncle, the testator. A copy of the 
will is appended : 



170 PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 

IN THE NAME OF GOD, Amen: I, James Patteson 
of the County of Chesterfield, being in perfect sence 
and memory, but knowing the uncertainty of this 
life, do make this my last Will and Testament, in manner 
and form following : 

"I give my Soul into the Arms of Jesus Christ my Redeem- 
er, and my Body to the Earth, to be buried at the direction 
of my Ex'rs, whom I shall herein after mention; and as for 
what worldly Estate God hath been pleased to bless me with, 
I give in manner and form following : 

"I lend unto my well belov'd wife Mary, during her life, 
all that Tract of Land on James River that I purchased of 
Wm Byrd, Esq; and after her decease I give and bequeath 
unto my son Nelson Patteson the said Tract of Land, con- 
ta'ing seven hundred and thirty-five acres, more or less, to 
him and his heirs forever. 

"Item, I give and bequeath unto my son Nelson Patteson 
all that Tract of Land on Appamatox River, containing 
four hundred Acres more or less, which I purchased of 
Hutchens Burton, (known by the name of let alone), to 
him and his heirs and Assigns forever. 

"Item, I give and bequeath unto my son Nelson Patteson 
all that Tract of Land on James River, containing four 
hundred acres more or less, in Cumberland County, that I 
purchased of David Patteson, to him and his heirs forever. 

"Item, I give and bequeath to my son Nelson Patteson all 
that Tract of Land on James River, containing four hundred 
acres more or less, in Amherst County, that I purchased 
of Hutchens Burton and Robert Williamson, to him and his 
heirs forever. 

"Item, I give to my daughter Sarah Patteson one negro 
Girl named Judey and her Increase, to her and her heirs 
forever. 

"My will and desire is that, after all my just debts are 
paid, that the remainder part of my Estate be kept 
together by my Ex'rs, to be made the most of during my 
wife's widowhood; that then in case my wife should marry, 
my will and desire is that all my slaves. Stock and Household 



PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 171 

furniture, with the profits and increase of my estate, after 
maintaining my wife and Children to that time, shall be 
equally divided among my wife and two children, Sarah 
and Nelson, and their heirs forever; except my wife's part, 
which she shall only Inherit during her Hfe; and after her 
decease I give her part of my Estate to be equally divided 
among my two children Sarah and Nelson. 

"My will and desire is that, in Case either of my Children 
shou'd come of Age or married, and my wife remaining a 
Widow or being deceas'd, that then my Estate as before 
mentioned shall be equally divided between my Wife and 
two Children, or among my said two Children Sarah and 
Nelson (as the Case shall so happen) and their Heirs forever. 

"My Wife Mary now believing herself to be with Child, 
my will and desire is : that if she brings forth a Boy, he shall 
have an equal part of all my Estate; but if a Girl, she share 
an equal part of everything except my Land. 

"My will and desire is that my Estate shall not be ap- 
prais'd. 

"And Lastly, I do declare this to be my last will and 
Testament, revoking all other wills by me made; and do 
appoint and ordain my well belov'd wife Mary Executrix, 
and my friend Thomas Prosser and Charles Patteson (son 
of David Patteson) Executors, of this my last Will and 
Testament. In Witness whereof I have affixed my hand 
and seal, the twenty-third day of February One thousand 
seven hundred and sixty-seven. 

JAMES PATTESON (Seal) 

"Signed, Seal'd and Acknowledged to be the last Will 
and Testament of James Patteson in presence off: (Signed) 
James Ball, David Patteson, Jun'r, George Rowland." 

James Patteson and his wife, Mary Nelson, had issue: 

I. Sarah Patteson, of whose marriage and issue no record 
has been preserved. 

II. Nelson Patteson, bom 8 January 1762, died 4 March 
1824, who married Rebecca, daughter of Colonel Bernard 



172 PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 

Markham, and removed to Tennessee, living near the present 
Pulaski, and left issue there. His children subsequently went 
west, and record of them has been lost. 

III. James A. Patteson, born just after his father's death, 
10 August 1767. 

James A. Patteson, as has been previously said, married 
his cousin Martha Patteson — on 13 March 1794. His 
will, dated 28 September 1815, was recorded in Chester- 
field 14 April 1817. A copy is appended: 

IN THE NAME OF GOD, Amen: I, James A. Patteson 
of Chesterfield County, being sick and weak of body, 
but of perfect sence and sound memory, and knowing 
that this life is very uncertain, and that all men are bom 
to die, do make and ordain this writing to be my last will 
and testament, in manner and form following: 

"My soul I give to God my maker, hoping and trusting 
to receive remission of my offences and to inherit life ever- 
lasting; my body to be decently buried at the discretion of 
my executrix, whom I shall hereafter appoint. 

"I give unto my beloved wife Martha two negroes, viz't, 
Nancy and her son Minor; three horses, which she may 
choose; the riding carriage and harness; one half the stock 
of cattle, hoggs and sheep, as also one half the household and 
kitchen furniture of every description whatever: to her and 
her heirs forever; conditions however, that she do give to 
some one or more of our children the slaves aforenamed. 

"I also lend unto my said wife, during her natural life, the 
tract of land whereon I now live, together with five negroes, 
which she may choose; however, five acres of land are to be 
reserved out of said tract adjoining the same quantity 
convey'd to me by the late Wm Browne, deceased; which 
same ten ac's is to remain as a seat for mills or other works: 
one half the interest in the same I do hereby direct my 
executrix and executors shall convey to the heirs and repre- 
sentatives of the late Joseph Browne, dec'd ; the afore mention- 
ed five acres of land it is meant should be laid off by nmning 



PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 173 

a paralel line with the five acres laid out by Browne for me. 

"It is my will and desire that all the remaining part of my 
estate of every description, both real and personal shall be 
sold on such terms as my Executrix and Ex't's shall deem 
most advantageous: out of such sales I give to each of my 
five young Children (Vizt, Henry, David, Samuel, John and 
Sary Ann) the sum of one thousand dollars: after these 
legacies the remaining part of my estate I do will and direct 
to be divided between my six Children, Vizt., William, 
Henry, David, Samuel, John and Sary Ann. 

"My will and desire is that the legacy of one thousand 
dollars each, and all other moneys which may fall to my five 
young children, shall be, as soon as may be, laid out in bank 
stock for their use : that said Legacies be paid them when 
they shall arrive at lawful age or be married; but in case 
of the death of either of my said five children before they 
are entitled to their dividends, that such shares shall be 
equally divided between the survivors. 

"It now is my particular injunction that particular at- 
tention be paid to the education of my children. 

"Lastly, I leave my beloved wife Martha executrix, and 
my son William and friend David Patteson executors, of 
this my last will and testament, revoking all others. In 
witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and seal, this 
28th of September, one thousand eight hundred and fifteen. 

JAMES A. PATTESON (Seal) 

"Witness: (No Signature) 

"In Chesterfield county court 1817, April the 14:th: This 
writing, purpo'ting to be the last will and testament of James 
A. Patteson, deceased, was presented; and it being proved 
by the testimony of James W. Winfree and Samuel Patteson 
that the signature to the same is in the hand writing of the 
said James A. Patteson, deceased, — It was thereupon ordered 
that the same be recorded as the last will and testament of 
the said decedent. Martha Patteson, executrix named, by 
writing under her hand duly attested, and William A. Pat- 



174 PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 

teson and David Patteson, executors named therein, per- 
sonally, relinquished their right to qualify as such; which is 
ordered to be entered of record; and on the motion of the 
said William A. Patteson and David Patteson, who entered 
into bond with security conditioned as the law directs, and 
took the oath required, a certificate is granted them for 
obtaining letters of administration, in due form with the 
said will annexed, to the said decedent. Teste Parke Poin- 
dexter, C." 

"1% /f AY 7th 1817: In pursuance to the annexed order 
I \/ 1 we the undersigned do hereby certify that we 
have inventoried and appraised the estate of 
James A. Patteson, dec'd, to the amount of ten thousand 
five hundred and eighty-six dollars and thirty-five cents, 
as shown by the within inventory and statement. Given 
under our hands, this day and date above written. (Signed) 
William Fisher, Jordon Smith, James Martin. 

"In Chesterfield county court, 1817, May 12th: This In- 
ventory and appraisement of the personal estate of James 
A. Patteson, dec'd was returned, and ordered to be re- 
corded. Teste Parke Poindexter, C" 

Meanwhile, on 14 April 1817, WiUiam A. Patteson, David 
Patteson, Colonel Thomas Branch, James W. Winfree and 
Samuel Patteson had entered into bond for $20,000, as 
securities for William A. Patteson and David Patteson, the 
executors. 

James A. Patteson, as has been said, married his cousin 
Martha Patteson. She survived him by more than twenty 
years: and her will, dated 26 January 1839, with codicil 
added 3 February 1839, and recorded in Chesterfield 11 
March 1839, orders simply that her estate be divided equally 
among her children. 

James A. Patteson and his wife, Martha Patteson, had 
issue : 



PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 175 

I. William Anderson Patteson, born 1795 of whom an 
account is deferred. 

II. David J. Patteson, bom 17 February 1798, died 1 
October 1801. 

III. James Henry Patteson, bom 26 July 1800, who died 
unmarried in 1832. 

IV. Agnes M. Patteson, bom 1802, died in 1805. 

V. Mary E. Patteson, bom 1804, died 1815. 

_VI. David Nelson Patteson, bom 1806, who married 
his first cousin Mary Gilham, and had issue : GilHam Patteson; 
Sarah Frances Patteson, who never married; Mary Pat- 
teson, who married Beale; and Robert Patteson, 

who died unmarried. 

VII. Samuel Austin Patteson, bom 1810, of whom an 
account is deferred: compare page 182. 

VIII. John J. Patteson, bom 1812, who died unmarried. 

IX. Sarah Ann Patteson, born 1814, who married Cap- 
tain Wilham Weisiger; for their issue, compare page 185. 

William Anderson Patteson, the oldest child of James 
A. Patteson, was born 10 January 1795, and died 11 May 
1870 — although, curiously enough, his tombstone, at Holly- 
wood Cemetery, in Richmond, Virginia, gives the date as 13 
May 1871. The following appeared in the Richmond 
Daily Enquirer, of 12 May 1870: 

THIS CITY loses one of its most venerable as well as 
best citizens in the death of Dr. William A. 
Patteson, who died yesterday morning. He was 
a native of Chesterfield county, and was in his seventy-fifth 
year at the time of his death, being bom 10 January 1795. 
He was a graduate of medicine of the celebrated College 
of Philadelphia, of the class of 1815, and a pupil of Rush and 
Physic and their distinguished colleagues. He took up the 
practise of his profession in Manchester in 1817. Being 
very popular in his county, he was elected a member of 
the House of Delegates for several sessions, two of them being 
the famous sessions of 1831-2 and 1832-3, when such men 



176 PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 

as Gholson, Drumgoole, Brodnax, John Thompson 
Brown, Shell, Chapman Johnson and others figured in the 
Legislature of Virginia. In this body he was universally 
respected for his discretion and sound judgment. 

"Dr. Patteson married, on 8 April 1819, Miss Anne 
Obedience Turpin Harris, but lost his wife many years 
ago. Mrs. Patteson was a daughter of the late Major John 
Harris of "Norwood", in Powhatan county. 

"Dr. Patteson came to reside in Richmond, in 1836, and 
continued the active pursuit of his profession until within a 
year or two, when his advanced age compelled him to with- 
draw from practise, save for a limited extent. 

"He held at one time the very high dignity of 'Grand 
Master of Masons of Virginia' and at his death was one of the 
most esteemed of the ancient and honorable order to which 
he belonged. 

"Professionally Dr. Patteson gave the highest proof of 
skill and fidelity, in the trust and affection with which his 
patients ever regarded him. He was a gentleman of the 
old school, graceful in manner, uniformly pohte and digni- 
fied; observing the demeanor which never failed him to elicit 
that politeness and deference toward himself which he 
extended to others. The noble 'old school', so often referred 
to, had no truer disciple; and there can be no fitter social 
example for the young of these days than the virtues and 
dignified courtesies of the men that belonged to it. 

"But there were other traits of this venerable gentleman 
which won for him the respect and love of the circle in which 
he moved. He was one of the justest of men, as well as one 
of the most ardent in his friendships and family affections. 

"The manly, courteous and sage representatives of the 
post-revolutionary era are rapidly passing away. It is 
painful to behold how their numbers are reduced, and their 
value increases as their ranks are thinned. Dr. Patteson 
vacates his chair in the narrowing circle, and departs with the 
regrets and benedictions of society. May he rest in peace!" 

In the next issue of the same journal is recorded a meeting 



PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 177 

of the physicians of Richmond, at the City Hall, their elec- 
tion of Dr. Dove as chairman, and Dr. Upshur as secretary, 
and their passage of the following resolutions of regret, as 
drawn up by Dr. Haxall: 

"r I 4jjE MEDICAL profession of Richmond is again 
I called upon to record the death of one of its most 
valued members. Dr. Wm. A. Patteson, who for 
more than fifty years added dignity and lustre to our calling, 
and who now in the fullness of time has gone down to the 
tomb. We who survive him, and who vividly remember 
his many virtues, desire now to pay our final tribute of re- 
spect to his memory. 

"During his long professional career Dr. Patteson gave 
to this community, for whose welfare he faithfully labored, a 
noble example of the truly useful and skillful Physician. 
Patient in observation, bold in action, and lofty in integrity, 
his character, rich in all the attributes which adorn humanity, 
will be regarded with pride by his associates, whose grief 
at his loss is alleviated by the fact that he died an exemplary 
Christian in full fellowship with the Church of which he has 
been a member for two years. Therefore, — 

"Resolved 1st, That we desire to testify our appreciation 
of our departed friend, by attending his funeral in a body, 
and by wearing the usual badge of mourning for thirty days. 

"Resolved 2d, That the newspapers of the city be re- 
quested to publish these proceedings in their respective 
issues, and that the secretary of this meeting send a copy 
of the same to the family of the deceased. 

JNO. N. UPSHUR. M. D., Secretary:' 



WILLIAM ANDERSON PATTESON, as has 
been recorded, married, on 8 April 1819, Anne 
Obedience Turpin Harris, who cUed 30 August 
1837. Various considerations combine to prevent a discus- 
sion here of the Harris lineage; but, as has been said, she 



178 PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 

was a daughter of Major John Harris of ''Norwood." The 
latter took part in the Revolution, being appointed ensign 
of the First Virginia Regiment, 11 February 1781, and 
second lieutenant in September 1781: and was transferred, 
9 November 1782, to Baylor's Consolidated Regiment of 
Dragoons, wherein he served till the close of the war. 
William Anderson Patteson and Anne Obedience Turpin 
Harris had issue: 

I. James Anderson Patteson, horn 8 January 1820, died 
2 April 1905, who married on 25 January 1846, Eliza 
Randolph McCaw, horn 16 April 1825, died 21 September 
1909, and had issue: 

(1) Wilham McCaw Patteson, bom 3 December 1846, 
who died unmarried, 3 February 1894. 

(2) Anne Plarris Patteson, unmarried, bom 12 March 
1849. 

(3) James Anderson Patteson, bom 30 April 1851, died 
26 February 1915, who married Ada Smith Beall, in 1851, 
but had no issue. 

(4) Henry Burr Patteson, bom 17 October 1853, died 
24 October 1907, who married Adele Hognet, but had no 
issue. 

(5) Ehzabeth Leigh Patteson, bom 6 April 1855, who 
died 24 January 1857. 

(6) Randolph Patteson, bom 21 December 1857, who 
died 25 June 1866. 

(7) Virginia Patteson, bom 8 February 1860, who 
married Henry Clay Adams, on 27 November 1901, but 
has no issue. 

(8) Mary McCaw Patteson, bom 2 July 1862, who 
married Andrew Jackson Fox, on 18 December 1890, and 
had issue: Dorothy Fox, bom 20 April 1892; Wilham Patte- 
son Fox, born 4 April 1894, died 24 January 1896; Andrew 
Jackson Fox, bom 26 June 1898; Seymour Nelson Fox, 
bom 15 December 1900; and Virginia Mary Fox, bom 1 
May 1903. 

(9) Francis Lister Hawkes Patteson, unmarried, bom 
13 August 1868. 



PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 179 

(10) Eliza Randolph Patteson, bom 25 August 1872, 
who married Herbert Noble, on 5 December 1895, and has 
issue: Herbert Noble, born 5 February 1904; and Leston 
Noble, born 22 December 1905. 

II. Mary Louisa Patteson, horn 1822, who died in 1823. 

III. Delia Ann Patteson, horn 1824, died 1 June 1891, 
who married Dr. James Brown McCaw, {horn 12 July 1823, 
died 12 August 1906), and had issue: 

(1) Anne Patteson McCaw, born 22 February 1846, 
died 17 May 1882, who married Dr. James Dunlop Moncure, 
and had issue: Gabrielle Brooke Moncure; James Dunlop 
Moncure; and William Anderson Patteson Moncure. 

(2) William Reid McCaw, born 14 December 1847, 
died 11 November 1888, who married Lavinia Ragland, 
and had issue: James Brown McCaw, who married Alice 
Moore, {and has issue: James Brown McCaw; and Alice 
McCaw); Mary McCaw, who married Horace S. Hawes, 
{and has issue: Mary McCaw Hawes; and Anne Sterling 
Hawes); and Anne McCaw, who married Tazewell Taylor, 
{and has issue: Tazewell Taylor; and William McCaw 
Taylor). 

(3) James Henry McCaw, born 2 August 1849, who died 
unmarried in April 1887. 

(4) Ehzabeth McCaw, born 9 October 1851, who 
married Dr. Christopher Tompkins, and has issue: Delia 
Patteson Tompkins; Ellen Wilkins Tompkins; James 
McCaw Tompkins; Elizabeth Tompkins, who married 
John B. Parrish, {and has issue: John B. Parrish); WiUiam 
Frazer Tompkins; and Mary Bedford Tompkins. 

(5) Ellen Taliaferro McCaw, who married Charles 
Davenport, and has issue: Isaac Davenport; Ellen McCaw 
Davenport, who married Henry Wiremond Cooke, {and 
has issue: Eleanor Cooke; Henry Wiremond Cooke; and 
Virginia Fennimore Cooke) ; and Delia Patteson Davenport, 
who married Richard Carrington. 

(6) Thomas Wilcox McCaw, born 27 November 1855, 



180 PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 

who married Nina Pizzini, and had issue: Ethel McCaw, 
who married Phihp TiUinghast Post; Mary McCaw; and 
Dorothy McCaw. 

(7) David McCaw, bom 24 December 1857, who died 
unmarried 6 February 1915. 

(8) Walter Drew McCaw, unmarried, bom 10 February 
1863. 

(9) Mary McCaw, bom 18 August 1865, who married 
Dabney Hemdon Maury, and has issue: Dabney Hemdon 
Maury. 

IV. John Harris Patteson, born 1826, who died in 1830. 

F. William Anderson Patteson, horn 1828, who likewise 
died in boyhood. 

VI. Martha Louise Patteson, born 19 June 1831, died 
23 April 1908, who married, on 3 December 1856, James 
Read Branch, {born 28 July 1828, died 2 July 1869), and 
had issue: 

(1) Sarah Read Branch, born 9 October 1857, who married 
George Brockenbrough McAdams,on 6 November 1878, and 
had issue: Thomas Branch McAdams, bom 12 November 
1879, who married Edna Harris McLure, on 9 October 

1906, {and had issue: Sarah Reade McAdams, born 20 July 

1907, died 23 June 1908; Edna Wiley McAdams, born 15 
June 1909; and Louise Brockenbrough McAdams, born 27 
September 1912); and Louise Brockenbrough McAdams, 
bom 25 October 1885, who married, first, Robert Walter 
Withers, on 19 January 1909, {and had issue: Louise Withers, 
born 31 December 1909), and married, second, Phillip St. 
George Cooke, on 4 November 1914. 

(2) Anne Harris Branch, born 31 December 1859, died 
14 February 1915, who married Dr. Robert Gamble Cabell, 
on 14 November 1877, and had issue: James Branch Cabell, 
bom 14 April 1879, who, as recorded on page 137, married 
Priscilla Bradley, on 8 November 1913, {and has issue: 
Ballard Hartwell Cabell, born 25 August 1915); Robert 



PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 181 

Gamble Cabell, born 27 April 1881, who married Maude 
Campbell Morgan, on 24 February 1910; and John Lottier 
Cabell, born 27 February 1883, who married Anna Elizabeth 
Bell, on 23 April 1913. 

(3) Elizabeth Halsted Branch, born 4 July 1861, who 
married Walter Russell Bowie, on 16 November 1881, and 
had issue: Walter Russell Bowie, born 8 October 1882, who 
married Jean Laverack, on 29 September 1909, {and has 
issue: Jean Laverack Bowie, horn 22 November 1910; and 
Beverley Munford Bowie, born 5 December 1914) ; and Martha 
Louise Patteson Bowie, born 29 July 1884, who married 
Melville Campbell Branch, on 29 March 1910, {and has 
issue: Mary Bahbott Branch, born 3 January 1911; Melville 
Campbell Branch, born 16 February 1913; and Thomas 
Branch, born 26 July 1915), 

(4) James Ransom Branch, born 14 December 1863, 
who married Mary Lilian Hubball, on 28 October 1885, 
and had issue: James Robinson Branch, born 23 July 1886, 
died 7 November 1905; Mary Cooke Branch, bom 21 
December 1887, who married Thomas Burton Snead, on 
19 April 1911; and Allen Talbot Branch, born 20 February 
1890, died 1 July 1890. 

(5) Mary Cooke Branch, bom 16 September 1866, who 
married Beverley Bland Munford, on 22 November 1893, 
and had issue: Mary Safford Munford, bom 22 November 
1895; and Beverley Bland Munford, born 26 February 1899. 

VII. Thomas Adkins Patteson, born 25 February 1834, 
died 26 July 1903, who married, on 23 February 1860, Georgina 
McCaw, {born 31 July 1837, died 6 October 1909), and had 
issue : 

(1) Edward Rollins Patteson, born 19 April 1862, who 
died 2 November 1907. 

(2) Thomas Adkins Patteson, unmarried, born 11 Octo- 
ber 1863. 

(3) Caroline Cecilia Patteson, bom 9 July 1866, who died 
26 July 1871. 

(4) Herbert Logan Patteson. 



182 PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 

(5) Malcolm Douglas Patteson, who married Clara 
M. Judson. 

(6) Georgina McCaw Patteson. 

(7) A son, who died in infancy. 

(8) Robert Rickarby Patteson, who died unmarried, 
13 April 1908. 

(9) Ethel Patteson, who married, on 5 February 1910, 
Gustave Quintard Schaumann. 

(10) "William Anderson Patteson, who died in boyhood. 

SAMUEL AUSTIN PATTESON, the fifth son and 
seventh child of James A. Patteson, (compare page 
175), was bom 14 April 1810, and died 20 September 
1860. The Richmond Daily Enquirer, for 22 September 
1860, contained the following: 

'T IS our sad duty to record the death of Dr. Samuel 
A. Patteson of Chesterfield. He died at his residence 
in Manchester on Thursday evening at 7:10 o'clock. 
The deceased bore, through a long professional career, a 
most enviable reputation as a physician, while, as a man, no 
one enjoyed to a higher degree the confidence of the com- 
munity in which he lived. Dr. Patteson was possessed of 
very fine talents, highly cultivated, most courteous manners, 
the nicest sense of honor, and a warm heart ever ready to 
relieve the wants or palliate the sufferings of all who ap- 
pealed to his aid. He was devoted to his family, a fast 
friend, and a most useful citizen. His profession has lost an 
ornament, his comnnunity a liberal contributor to its general 
weal, and his family a member whose exalted domestic 
virtues were conspicuous among many noble qualities 
belonging to a character illustrated by extraordinary features 
of rigor, excellence and worth. Peace to his ashes!" 

Samuel Austin Patteson married, first, Mary Harris, 
another daughter of Major John Harris of "Norwood" 
(compare page 178); but by this marriage there were no 



PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 183 

children. He married, second, in June 1846, Hypatia Harris 
McRae, daughter of Cohn McRae, and had issue : 

I. Mary Patteson, horn 1 May 1847, who married Benjamin 
Boisseau Weisiger, on 22 December 1869, and had issue: 

(1) Ernest Patteson Weisiger, born 21 October 1870, who 
married Annie Belle Parker, on 9 April 1895, and has issue: 
Benjamin Boisseau Weisiger, born 11 February 1896; John 
Parker Weisiger, born 9 September 1897; and Ernest Patte- 
son Weisiger, born 8 July 1900. 

(2) Gertrude Weisiger, born 7 November 1872, who 
married Everett Eugene Early, on 3 October 1907, and has 
issue: Benjamin Weisiger Early, born 25 March 1909; and 
Mary Patteson Early, born 5 May 1913. 

(3) Ellen Boisseau Weisiger, born 17 August 1875. 

(4) Florence Page Weisiger, born 21 January 1878, who 
died 22 February 1885. 

(5) Mary Patteson Weisiger, born 21 April 1880. 

(6) Wilbur Kent V\^eisiger, born 13 November 1882. 

(7) Marguerite Weisiger, born 14 March 1887. 

(8) Louisa Page Weisiger, born 22 October 1892. 

//. James Henry Patteson, born 2 May 1849, who married 
Mary Franklin William.son, on 22 February 1876, and had 
issue : 

(1) Samuel Austin Patteson, unmarried, bom 17 January 
1877. 

(2) Matilda McCaw Patteson, born 10 July 1878, who 
married Herbert Spencer, on 4 September 1907, and has 
issue: Herbert Spencer, born 4 August 1910. 

(3) Wilson Pickrell Patteson, born 4 December 1879, 
who married Cornelia Owen, on 3 January 1907, and has 
issue: Moncure Perkins Patteson, born 3 December 1907; 
Lucia Broaclnax Patteson, born 20 February 1910; Wilson 
Pickrell Patteson, born 22 July 1912; and Harry Owen 
Patteson, bom 4 March 1915. 

(4) James Henry Patteson, bom 13 November 1881, who 
married Mary Richmond Wiley, on 19 January 1910, and 



184 PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 

had issue: a son, born 22 February 1911, who died 1 March 
1911; James Henry Patteson, born 28 October 1912; John 
Garrett Patteson, bom 17 February 1914; and Garland Wiley 
Patteson, born 5 March 1915. 

(5) John Garrett Patteson, born 28 November 1883, 
who died 25 August 1899. 

(6) Mary Williamson Patteson, born 9 August 1887, who 
married H. Watkins Ellerson, on 16 April 1912, and has 
issue: Mary Patteson Ellerson, born 11 February 1914; and 
Ida Roy Ellerson, born 11 September 1915. 

(7) George Pickrell Patteson, unmarried, born 23 
March 1894. 

III. Ruth Patteson, horn 24 June 1851, who married 
William Hallett Ahorn, on 12 October 1878, and has issue: 

(1) Samuel Patteson Abom, bom 4 July 1883, who 
married Laura Marshall, on 8 November 1910. 

(2) Katherine Page Abom, bom 31 January 1886. 

(3) William Henry Aborn, born 29 November 1887. 

(4) Ruth Hallett Aborn, born 24 February 1892. 

IV. Martha Rebecca Patteson, horn in 1853, who died in 
infancy. 

V. Martha Rebecca Patteson, unmarried, horn 30 May 
1855. 

VI. Anne Harris Patteson, horn 11 September 1857, who 
married Thomas Maurice Miller, on 21 September 1887, and 
has issue: 

(1) Gay Langhome Miller, bom 15 August 1888, who 
married Richard Fox Reid, on 21 May 1912. 

(2) John Maurice Miller, unmarried, born 1 May 1891. 

(3) Wilhs Dance Miller, unmarried, bom 31 January 
1893. 

(4) Thomas Royall Miller, born 5 July 1897. 

VII. Sarah Gay Patteson, unmarried, horn 14 January 
1860. 



PATTESON OF CHESTERFIELD 185 

SARAH ANN PATTESON, bom 1814, the youngest 
daughter of James A. Patteson, (compare page 175), 
married Captain Wilham Weisiger. It has proven 
impossible to trace her descendants satisfactorily, but she 
had issue: 

I. James Henry Weisiger, who married Paulina Hatcher, 
and died in Memphis, Tennessee, in 1871, having had, with 
other issue: Benjamin Weisiger; and Peter Hatcher Weisiger. 

II. William Weiseger, whose descendants, if any exist, 
are unascertained. 

III. Samuel Patteson Weisiger, who married Mary 
Belle Hatcher, and died in Augusta, Georgia, in 1894, having 
had issue: Bernard Weisiger; Stanley Weisiger, Clare 
Weisiger; and Helen Weisiger. 

IV. Martha Weisiger, who died in infancy. 

V. Agnes Weisiger, who died in infancy. 

VI. David Jordan Weisiger, who married Elizabeth 
Owen, and had issue: Graham Patteson Weisiger; and 
Elizabeth Weisiger, who married Lair. 

VII. Irvin Weisiger, who married Kate Wyatt, and 
had issue: Garrett Weisiger; and Margaret Weisiger. 

VIII. Addison Weisiger, who married Anne Penell, 
and had issue: Sarah Patteson Weisiger, who married Dr. 
Merritt W. Healy; Anne Wilde Weisiger; John Weisiger; and 
Addison Weisiger. 

IX. Bernard Weisiger, who died unmarried, 20 Decem- 
ber 1869. 



186 WADDILL OF AMHERST 

NOTE AS TO THE DESCENDANTS OF RICHARD 
WADDILL OF AMHERST 

ICHARD WADDILL, the third son of Edmund 
Waddill, Senior, as has been said, (compare pages 
147 and 153) removed from Charles City to Amherst 
county, where he died 24 September 1864. Richard Waddill 
married, on 1 May 1849, Martha Isabella Jordon (born 2 
January 1830, died 20 November 1914), and had issue: 

/. Rebecca Roads Waddill, horn 9 March 1851, who 
married Cubus Whitehead, on 2 August 1871, and had issue: 

(1) Virginia Isabella Whitehead, "born 9 May 1872. 

(2) Henry Anne Whitehead, born 11 March 1874. 

(3) Laura Estelle Whitehead, born 30 April 1876. 

(4) Wade Hampton Whitehead, born 23 January 1879. 

(5) Fleming Bartholomew Whitehead, born 30 August 
1881. 

(6) JuKa O'Neill Whitehead, born 3 May 1884. 

(7) Seth Landon Whitehead, born 22 October 1886. 

(8) Littleberry Waddill Whitehead, born 31 May 1889. 

(9) Littie May Whitehead, born 12 May 1893, died 16 
October 1905. 

(10) John Cary Whitehead, born 22 June 1896. 

II. Margaret Virginia Waddill, horn 21 Septemher 1852, 
who married Sefus Whitehead, on 5 March 1874, and has 
issue : 

(1) Thomas Hilton Whitehead, born 28 November 1878. 

(2) Robert Whitehead, born 28 February 1885. 

(3) Ford Whitehead, born 8 May 1888. 

(4) Jennie Wren Whitehead, born 23 June 1893. 

III. Thomas Jordan Waddill, born 12 July 1854, who 
married SalUe Belle Tucker, on IS February 1880, and had 
issue : 

(1) Ethel Louise Waddill, bom 31 December 1880, who 
married Rudolph Hatley Wright, on 20 September 1905. 



WADDILL OF AMHERST 187 

(2) Richard William Waddill, born 3 July 1882, who died 
3 September 1907. 

(3) Carrie Isabella Waddill, bom 27 November 1883, 
who married Raymond Dillard, on 22 October 1907, and 
has issue: Richard Waddill Dillard, born 17 July 1909; 
Frances Isabella Dillard, born 1 September 1912; and Mary 
Louise Dillard, born 20 March 1915. 

(4) Mary Lillian Waddill, born 24 December 1885, who 
married Woodford Beverly Henley, on 16 March 1910. 

(5) Charles Thomas Waddill, born 6 May 1888. 

IV. ' Charles Cundiff Waddill, horn 24 A-pril 1856, who 
married Willie Anne Harvey, on 4 January 1882, and has 
issue : 

(1) Vera Oteha Waddill, born 5 March 1887, who 
married William Nelson Hill, on 6 May 1908, and has 
issue: Frank Cecil Hill, born 10 February 1909. 

(2) Wilham Tribble Waddill, born 20 November 1888. 

(3) Claudie Pearl Waddill, born 24 June 1892, who 
married Benjamin Hill, on 23 July 1914. 

(4) Murrell Goldman Waddill, born 31 May 1898. 

V. Mary Susan Waddill, horn 19 September 1859, who 
died unmarried 21 Octoher 1895. 

VI. William Edmund Waddill, horn 14 December 1861, 
who married Ora Harvey, on 11 November 1891, and has 
issue: 

(1) Leshe Hopewell Waddill, born 4 May 1893. 

(2) Whorton Enzell Waddill, born 28 August 1895. 

(3) Ora Isabel Waddill, born 20 October 1900. 

VII. Agnes Hatcher Waddill, born 1 January 1863, who 
married John Hyram Quinn, on 2>\ August 1886, and has 
issue : 

(1) Sarah Isabella Quinn, born 21 June 1887, who 
married James Mundy Dillard, on 22 October 1912, and 
has issue: John Hyram Quinn, bom 17 August 1914. 



188 WADDILL OF AMHERST 

(2) Margaret Virginia Quinn, born 28 October 1889, 
who married Thomas Edward Marshall, on 21 October 1914, 
and has issue: Thomas Edward Marshall, bom 7 September 
1915. 

(3) Samuel Waddill Quinn, born 18 May 1891. 

(4) Gordon Worthington Quinn, bom 15 March 1894. 

(5) Frank Stringfellow Quinn, bom 12 May 1896. 

(6) Agnes Louise Quinn, born 2 August 1898. 

(7) James Hyram Quinn, born 31 March 1903. 



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